Seeta Aur Geeta
|Seeta Aur Geeta|
|Directed by||Ramesh Sippy|
|Produced by||G. P. Sippy|
|Music by||R. D. Burman|
|Edited by||M. S. Shinde|
|Box office||est. ₹19.53 crore ($22.82 million)|
Seeta aur Geeta (transl. Seeta and Geeta) is a 1972 Indian Hindi-language comedy-drama film, written by Salim–Javed (Salim Khan and Javed Akhtar) and directed by Ramesh Sippy. It stars Hema Malini, Dharmendra and Sanjeev Kumar in leading roles, and features music composed by R.D. Burman.
The story is about identical twins (played by Hema Malini) who are separated at birth and grow up with different temperaments. The twins then swap places (like The Prince and the Pauper). The two sisters' partners in the movie are played by Dharmendra and Sanjeev Kumar. Manorama plays the evil aunt who changes her tune after her arm is twisted (literally). Furthermore, Hema Malini was noted for the novelty of her role as Geeta where she is rambunctious and sometimes violent.
The main theme of this movie was copied from the superhit Telugu movie Ramudu Bheemudu. As hinted in the Wikipedia page, it is said that the producer of this movie B. Nagi Reddy was furious with Salim–Javed for copying his story and hence he went on to quickly move on to making remakes in other languages include the Telugu film Ganga Manga (1973) and the Tamil film Vani Rani (1974), both starring Vanisri in the dual roles.
This Tamil film was remade as Ram Aur Shyam starring Dilip Kumar in the leading dual role, which inspired Salim-Javed to write Seeta Aur Geeta, but they subverted the formula by having the heroine eventually become the "hero" while the male lead is in a mostly supporting role. Another earlier film with a similar theme was Muqabala (1942) starring Fearless Nadia. Subsequent Hindi remakes of the story have been made, including Jaise Ko Taisa starring Jeetendra, ChaalBaaz starring Sridevi, Kishen Kanhaiya starring Anil Kapoor, Judwaa starring Salman Khan Kuch Khatti Kuch Meethi starring Kajol, in the dual roles.
Hema Malini won her only competitive Filmfare Best Actress Award of her career. P. Vaikunth won the Filmfare Best Cinematographer Award. It became a cult film in the Soviet Union when it was shown there.
Seeta and Geeta (Hema Malini in a dual role) are twin girls who were separated at birth. Geeta, a feisty girl is raised in a poor neighborhood and is a street performer, while Seeta is raised by her cruel aunt Chachi and meek uncle. Chachi treats Seeta like a servant, despite the fact that the family is living off her late parents' money. Seeta's only consolation is her old wheelchair bound grandmother.
One day, Seeta decides life is not worth living and runs away to commit suicide. She is saved but is mistaken for her identical twin Geeta and is taken to Geeta's home. Meanwhile, Seeta's aunt and uncle are frantically searching for her and find Geeta. They attempt to force Geeta to go with them but, using some of her clever tricks, she escapes them and the police who have been searching for her. She then meets Ravi (Sanjeev Kumar) and, though he also mistakes her for Seeta, she goes home with him. Ravi is surprised by this "Seeta" and the Seeta he had met previously. Geeta realizes the cruelty that Seeta has been living under and vows to teach her aunt a lesson.
Meanwhile, the real Seeta is living in Geeta's house. Her surrogate mother has attributed her new docile attitude to shock. Here, Seeta meets Raka (Dharmendra), Geeta's friend and fellow performer. Raka is also surprised by "Geeta's" sudden gentle nature and desire to do housework. When he tried to coax her into performing, she is unable to do so. Ravi meanwhile falls in love with Geeta. At home, Geeta begins to set everything on a proper course. She resumes control of the money and restores her grandmother to the head of the household, where she belongs. Raka begins to fall in love with Seeta. Trouble begins brewing when Chachi's brother Ranjeet comes to visit and sees the real Seeta in a marketplace. He follows her and discovers the truth, which leads to a showdown in the villains' den and then marriage.
|Hema Malini||Seeta / Geeta|
|Pratima Devi||Dadi Maa|
|Kamal Kapoor||Ravi's Father|
|Ratnamala (actress)||Ravi's Mother|
|Abhi Bhattacharya||Seeta & Geeta's Father|
|Keshav Rana||Inspector Rana|
|Asrani||Laughing Doctor (Special Appearance)|
|Asit Sen||(Special Appearance)|
|M. B. Shetty||Bald Guy Ranjeet's Goon, Kidnapper|
According to Salim Khan, one half of screenwriting duo Salim–Javed, the concept of Seeta Aur Geeta was inspired by the Dilip Kumar starrer Ram Aur Shyam (1967), but they altered the formula with twin female sisters. Seeta Aur Geeta subverted the formula by having the heroine Hema Malini eventually become the "hero" while male lead Dharmendra is in a mostly supporting role.
Ramesh Sippy initially wanted Nutan as Seeta and Geeta because he "saw the heroine as a mature woman with a child" but he was advised against casting a heroine who was "at a mature phase of her career when the hero, too, was getting along in age." The film was also offered to popular actress Mumtaz, who ironically starred in Ram Aur Shyam, but she refused the offer as she wasn't paid enough. According to Sippy, the film's budget costed 40 lakhs
|1||"Arey Zindagi Hai Khel"||Manna Dey, Asha Bhosle||04:43||Picturised on Hema Malini as Geeta and Dharmendra|
|2||"O Saathi Chal"||Asha Bhosle, Kishore Kumar||04:29||Picturised on Hema Malini and Sanjeev Kumar|
|3||"Koi Ladki Mujhe Kal Raat"||Lata Mangeshkar, Kishore Kumar||04:20||Picturised on Hema Malini as Geeta and Sanjeev Kumar|
|4||"Haan Ji Haan Maine Sharaab"||Lata Mangeshkar||05:26||Picturised on Hema Malini as Geeta|
|5||"Abhi to Haath Mein Jaam"||Manna Dey||05:31||Picturised on Dharmendra|
Overseas in the Soviet Union, the film grossed 13.8 million SUR[b] (US$18.21 million,[c] ₹16.03 crore).[d] in 1976 Adjusted for inflation, this is equivalent to US$82 million (₹517 crore) in 2016.
|Best Actress||Hema Malini||Won|
|Best Cinematographer||P. Vaikunth||Won|
Bohra Bros had made a television series based on this film which was aired on NDTV Imagine in 2009. Coincidentally Hema Malini did a similar series on same plot called Kamini Damini which was aired on Sahara One on 2004.
- Aḵẖtar, Jāvīd; Kabir, Nasreen Munni (2002). Talking Films: Conversations on Hindi Cinema with Javed Akhtar. Oxford University Press. p. 49. ISBN 9780195664621.
JA: I write dialogue in Urdu, but the action and descriptions are in English. Then an assistant transcribes the Urdu dialogue into Devnagari because most people read Hindi. But I write in Urdu.
- "Seeta Aur Geeta was inspired: Salim Khan". Mid Day. 28 March 2013.
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- "Yearly Average Rates (67.175856 INR per USD in 2016)". OFX.
- Indian Films in Soviet Cinemas: The Culture of Movie-going After Stalin, page 211, Indiana University Press, 2005
- Moscow Prime Time: How the Soviet Union Built the Media Empire that Lost the Cultural Cold War, page 48, Cornell University Press, 2011
- "Archive". Central Bank of Russia. 1992.
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- Mittal, Ashok (1995). Cinema Industry in India: Pricing and Taxation. Indus Publishing. pp. 71 & 77. ISBN 9788173870231.