Seeta Aur Geeta

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Seeta Aur Geeta
Seeta Aur Geeta 1972 film poster.jpg
Film poster
Directed by Ramesh Sippy
Produced by G. P. Sippy
Written by Salim-Javed
Starring Hema Malini
Sanjeev Kumar
Dharmendra
Abhi Bhattacharya
Manorama
Music by R. D. Burman
Cinematography K. Vaikunth
Edited by M. S. Shinde
Release date
November 17, 1972
Running time
166 mins
Country India
Language Hindi[1]
Box office 19.53 crore (US$22.82 million)

Seeta aur Geeta (Hindi: सीता और गीता; translation: Seeta and Geeta) is a 1972 Indian Bollywood comedy-drama film, directed by Ramesh Sippy, with the story and screenplay written by Salim-Javed (Salim Khan and Javed Akhtar). It features music composed by R.D. Burman.

The story is about identical twins (played by Hema Malini) who are separated at birth and grow up with different temperaments. The twins then swap places (like The Prince and the Pauper). Hema's two partners in the movie are played by Dharmendra and Sanjeev Kumar. Manorama plays the evil aunt who changes her tune after her arm is twisted (literally). Furthermore, Hema Malini was noted for the novelty of her role as Geeta where she is rambunctious and sometimes violent.

This theme has been repeated in other movies before and after. A prior movie on this theme was Ram Aur Shyam starring Dilip Kumar in the leading dual role [2], while another was the 1942 movie Muqabala starring Fearless Nadia. Subsequent Hindi remakes of the story have been made, including Jaise Ko Taisa starring Jeetendra, ChaalBaaz starring Sridevi, Kishen Kanhaiya starring Anil Kapoor, Judwaa starring Salman Khan Kuch Khatti Kuch Meethi starring Kajol, in the dual roles. Remakes in other languages include the Telugu film Ganga Manga (1973) and the Tamil film Vani Rani (1974), both starring Vanisri in the dual roles.[3]

Hema Malini won her only competitive Filmfare Best Actress Award of her career. P. Vaikunth won the Filmfare Best Cinematographer Award.[4] In 1976, the film was shown in Soviet Union where it was a success.[5]

Plot[edit]

Seeta and Geeta (Hema Malini in a dual role) are twin girls who were separated at birth. Geeta, a feisty girl is raised in a poor neighborhood and is a street performer, while Seeta is raised by her cruel aunt Chachi and meek uncle. Chachi treats Seeta like a servant, despite the fact that the family is living off her late parents' money. Seeta's only consolation is her old wheelchair bound grandmother.

One day, Seeta decides life is not worth living and runs away to commit suicide. She is saved but is mistaken for her identical twin Geeta and is taken to Geeta's home. Meanwhile, Seeta's aunt and uncle are frantically searching for her and find Geeta. They attempt to force Geeta to go with them but, using some of her clever tricks, she escapes them and the police who have been searching for her. She then meets Ravi (Sanjeev Kumar) and, though he also mistakes her for Seeta, she goes home with him. Ravi is surprised by this "Seeta" and the Seeta he had met previously. Geeta realizes the cruelty that Seeta has been living under and vows to teach her aunt a lesson.

Meanwhile, the real Seeta is living in Geeta's house. Her surrogate mother has attributed her new docile attitude to shock. Here, Seeta meets Raka (Dharmendra), Geeta's friend and fellow performer. Raka is also surprised by "Geeta's" sudden gentle nature and desire to do housework. When he tried to coax her into performing, she is unable to do so. Ravi meanwhile falls in love with Geeta. At home, Geeta begins to set everything on a proper course. She resumes control of the money and restores her grandmother to the head of the household, where she belongs. Raka begins to fall in love with Seeta. Trouble begins brewing when Chachi's brother Ranjeet comes to visit and sees the real Seeta in a marketplace. He follows her and discovers the truth, which leads to a showdown in the villains' den and then marriage.

Cast[edit]

Actor Role
Hema Malini Seeta / Geeta
Dharmendra Raka
Sanjeev Kumar Ravi
Satyendra Kapoor Badrinath
Manorama Kaushalya
Roopesh Kumar Ranjeet
Honey Irani Shiela
Pratima Devi Dadi Maa
Kamal Kapoor Ravi's Father
Abhi Bhattacharya Seeta & Geeta's Father
Keshav Rana Inspector Rana

Production[edit]

According to Salim Khan, one half of screenwriting duo Salim-Javed, the concept of Seeta Aur Geeta was inspired by the Dilip Kumar starrer Ram Aur Shyam (1967), but they altered the formula with twin female sisters.[6] Seeta Aur Geeta subverted the formula by having the heroine Hema Malini eventually become the "hero" while male lead Dharmendra is in a mostly supporting role.[7]

Ramesh Sippy initially wanted Nutan as Seeta and Geeta because he "saw the heroine as a mature woman with a child" but he was advised against casting a heroine who was "at a mature phase of her career when the hero, too, was getting along in age", he even selected Mumtaz however he had selected Hema Malini for this role. The film was also offered to popular actress Mumtaz but she refused the offer as she wasn't paid enough.According to Sippy, the film's budget costed 40 lakhs[8][9]

Soundtrack[edit]

All the songs[10] were composed by Rahul Dev Burman and lyrics were penned by Anand Bakshi.

# Song Singer(s) Duration Notes
1 "Koi Ladki Mujhe Kal" Lata Mangeshkar, Kishore Kumar 04:20 Picturized on Hema Malini as Geeta and Sanjeev Kumar
2 "O Saathi Chal" Asha Bhosle, Kishore Kumar 04:29 Picturized on Hema Malini and Sanjeev Kumar
3 "Zindagi Hai Khel" Manna Dey, Asha Bhosle 04:43 Picturized on Hema Malini as Geeta and Dharmendra
4 "Haan Ji Haan Maine Sharaab" Lata Mangeshkar 05:26 Picturized on Hema Malini as Geeta
5 "Abhi to Haath Mein Jaam" Manna Dey 05:31 Picturized on Dharmendra
6 "Music" Instrumental 01:26
7 "Title Music" Instrumental 02:22

Reception[edit]

Box office[edit]

Domestically in India, the film grossed 3.5 crore[11] (US$4.61 million).[a] Adjusted for inflation, this is equivalent to US$27 million (175 crore)[13] in 2016.

Overseas in the Soviet Union, the film grossed 13.8 million SUR[b] (US$18.21 million,[c] 16.03 crore).[d] in 1976[18] Adjusted for inflation, this is equivalent to US$78 million (517 crore)[13] in 2016.

Worldwide, the film grossed 19.53 crore (US$22.82 million). Adjusted for inflation, this is equivalent to 1,155 crore (US$172 million) in 2016.

Awards[edit]

20th Filmfare Awards
Category Nominee Result
Best Actress Hema Malini Won
Best Cinematographer P. Vaikunth Won

Series[edit]

Bohra Bros had made a television series based on this film which was aired on NDTV Imagine in 2009.[19] Co-incidentally Hema Malini did a similar series on same plot called Kamini Damini which was aired on Sahara One on 2004.[20]

Notelist[edit]

  1. ^ 7.5945 Indian rupees per US dollar in 1972[12]
  2. ^ 55.2 million tickets sold,[14] average ticket price of 25 kopecks)[15]
  3. ^ 0.758 Soviet rubles per US dollar in 1976[16]
  4. ^ 8.804 Indian rupees per US dollar in 1976[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Aḵẖtar, Jāvīd; Kabir, Nasreen Munni (2002). Talking Films: Conversations on Hindi Cinema with Javed Akhtar. Oxford University Press. p. 49. ISBN 9780195664621. JA: I write dialogue in Urdu, but the action and descriptions are in English. Then an assistant transcribes the Urdu dialogue into Devnagari because most people read Hindi. But I write in Urdu. 
  2. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-features/tp-metroplus/enspRam-aur-Shyam-1967/article15934737.ece
  3. ^ http://www.ghantasala.info/tfs/cdata0872.html
  4. ^ http://deep750.googlepages.com/FilmfareAwards.pdf
  5. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/thread/arts-culture-society/article9235594.ece
  6. ^ "Seeta Aur Geeta was inspired: Salim Khan". Mid Day. 28 March 2013. 
  7. ^ Chintamani, Gautam (25 October 2015). "The brilliance of Salim-Javed lies not just in what they said, but how they said it". Scroll. 
  8. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/features/cinema/the-man-behind-gabbar/article5204322.ece
  9. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-features/tp-metroplus/the-making-of-a-dream/article2242301.ece
  10. ^ "Seeta Aur Geeta : Lyrics and video of Songs from the Movie Seeta Aur Geeta (1972)". HindiGeetMala. 
  11. ^ "Box Office 1972". Box Office India. 20 October 2013. Archived from the original on 20 October 2013. 
  12. ^ "Pacific Exchange Rate Service" (PDF). UBC Sauder School of Business. University of British Columbia. p. 3. Retrieved 21 November 2017. 
  13. ^ a b "Yearly Average Rates (67.175856 INR per USD in 2016)". OFX. 
  14. ^ Indian Films in Soviet Cinemas: The Culture of Movie-going After Stalin, page 211, Indiana University Press, 2005
  15. ^ Moscow Prime Time: How the Soviet Union Built the Media Empire that Lost the Cultural Cold War, page 48, Cornell University Press, 2011
  16. ^ "Archive". Central Bank of Russia. 1992. 
  17. ^ http://www.rbi.org.in/scripts/PublicationsView.aspx?id=15268
  18. ^ Sergey Kudryavtsev (3 August 2008). "Зарубежные популярные фильмы в советском кинопрокате (Индия)". 
  19. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-features/tp-fridayreview/Seeta-Aur-Geeta-hit-home/article15938416.ece
  20. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/mp/2004/12/02/stories/2004120200600200.htm

External links[edit]