Sefer Nizzahon Yashan

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For other uses, see Book of Victory.

Sefer Nizzahon Yashan (ספר ניצחון) "The (old) Book of Victory" is an anonymous 13th Century Jewish apologetic text originating in Germany. The name "old" (Hebrew yashan, Latin vetus) is attached to distinguish the work from Yom-Tov Lipmann-Muhlhausen of Prague's work of the same name, Sefer Nizzahon, written between 1401-1405.[1] A modern edition was published by Mordechai Breuer in 1978, and a critical edition by David Berger (professor) in 2008 (1st ed.: Philadelphia, Jewish Publication Society, 1979). The work was known and responded to by Protestant Hebraists and polemicists, including Johann Reuchlin, Sebastian Münster, Wolfgang Capito, Immanuel Tremellius, Jean Calvin, and Martin Luther.[2] [3][4]

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  1. ^ Hebraica veritas?: Christian Hebraists and the study of Judaism in Early Modern Europe (Jewish Culture and Contexts). Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania Press, 2004. x-316 p., nombr. fig. ISBN 0-8122-3761-7 - Page 177 Allison Coudert, Jeffrey S. Shoulson - 2004 "An earlier book named Sefer ha-Nizzahon was written in Germany in the late thirteenth century. The Christian Hebraist Wagenseil called it Nizzahon Vetus in order to make a distinction between it and Lipmann's book, which was considered
  2. ^ Stephen Burnett, "Calvin’s Jewish Interlocutor: Christian Hebraism and Anti-Jewish Polemics during the Reformation," Bibliothèque d’Humanisme et Renaissance, T. 55, No. 1 (1993), pp. 113-123;
  3. ^ Ora Limor, Guy G. Stroumsa Contra Iudaeos: ancient and medieval polemics between Christians ... 1996 p196 "When one thinks of a typical Ashkenazic polemic, one generally looks to a book such as Sefer Nizzahon Yashan, ... 8 A critical edition of Sefer Nizzahon Yashan, with English translation and notes, can be found in David Berger, The Jewish-Christian Debate in the High Middle Ages 2008 "
  4. ^ Hanne Trautner-Kromann Shield and sword: Jewish polemics against Christianity and the 1993 p103 "The Sefer Nizzahon Vetus begins with a quite brief introduction where God's help is invoked. After this, the text follows the order of the ... Presumably the Nizzahon Vetus was much used because of its manageable and systematic form."