Sega: Difference between revisions

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if your reading this your a [[teabagging|penis sucker]]! you have 45 mins to live before you have to suck your moms [[breasts|tits]].if ou do not you will be tortured by the doom of jaycee. it will be a horrible death and he'll rape you a couple times before he eats you.
{{Otheruses4|the video game company|Mauritian dance theme|sega music}}
 
{{Infobox_Company
 
|company_name=Sega Corporation<br />株式会社セガ
 
|company_logo=[[Image:SEGA logo.svg|center|220px|SEGA Logo]]
 
|company_type=Subsidiary of [[Sega Sammy Holdings|Sega Sammy]]
 
|company_slogan=Welcome to the next level
 
|foundation = Standard Games (1940)<ref>http://www.referenceforbusiness.com/history/Ro-Sh/SEGA-Corporation.html</ref>; Service Games (May 1952<ref name=Sega>{{cite book|last=Kent|first=Steven| authorlink=Steven Kent|title=The Ultimate History of Video Games: From Pong to Pokémon and Beyond- The Story That Touched Our Lives and Changed the World|origyear=2001|edition=First|publisher=Prima Publishing|location=Roseville, California|isbn=0-7615-3643-4|pages=305 | chapter=The Seeds of Competition|quote=Service Games began in 1952}}</ref>)
 
|location=[[Ōta, Tokyo]], [[Japan]]<br>International: <br>[[San Francisco, California]], [[United States|USA]]<br>[[Chiswick]], [[London]], [[United Kingdom|UK]]<br>[[Sydney]], [[New South Wales]], [[Australia]]
 
|key_people = [[Hajime Satomi]], [[Chief executive officer|CEO]] Sega Corp, Naoya Tsurumi, CEO SOA and SE; [[Simon Jeffery]], [[chief operating officer|COO]] and President SOA; Mike Hayes, COO and President SE; [[Yu Suzuki]], [[Yuji Naka]] notable game designers
 
|num_employees = 10,760
 
|industry = [[Video game industry|Video games]], [[Console manufacturer|former video game console manufacturer]]
 
|products = ''Sonic the Hedgehog'', ''Total War'', ''Virtua Fighter'', ''Virtua Tennis'', ''Shenmue'', ''House of The Dead''
 
([[Sega Studios & Video Games|See complete software listing.]])
 
[[Sega Master System|Master System]], [[Sega Mega Drive|Genesis/Mega Drive]], [[Sega Game Gear|Game Gear]], [[Sega 32x]], [[Sega CD]], [[Sega Nomad|Nomad]], [[Sega Pico]], [[Sega Saturn|Saturn]], [[Dreamcast]]
 
|revenue=[[United States dollar|US$]]800.127 million (2004)
 
|homepage=[http://www.sega.co.jp/ Sega Corporation (Japan)]<br />[http://www.sega.com/usa Sega of America]<br />[http://www.sega-europe.com/ Sega Europe]<br />[http://www.segamobile.com/ Sega Mobile]
 
}}
 
 
{{nihongo|'''Sega Corporation'''|株式会社セガ|[[Kabushiki kaisha|Kabushiki-kaisha]] Sega}} is a [[Multinational corporation|multinational]] [[video game]] [[software]] and [[hardware]] development company, and a former [[home computer]] and [[console manufacturer]] headquartered in [[Tokyo]], [[Japan]]. The company had success with both [[Arcade game|arcades]] and home consoles, but on [[January 24]], [[2001]], formally left the consumer console business and began concentrating on software development for multiple platforms.<ref name="PS2Timeline">{{cite web |title=PlayStation 2 Timeline |work=[[GameSpy]] |author=Steven L. Kent |accessdate=2008-03-03 |pages=3 |publisher=[[IGN]] |url=http://archive.gamespy.com/articles/february04/ps2timeline/index3.shtml |date=2004-02-18}}</ref>
 
 
Sega's main offices, as well as the main offices of its domestic division, '''Sega Corporation (Japan)''', are located in [[Ōta, Tokyo]], Japan. Sega's European division, '''Sega Europe Ltd.''', is headquartered in the [[Chiswick]] area of London. Sega's North American division, '''Sega of America Inc.''', is headquartered in [[San Francisco, California]]; having moved there from [[Redwood City, California]] in 1999. Sega Australia's headquarters are located in [[Sydney, New South Wales]]. Sega started operations in Australia in the mid 80's as a joint venture with [[Ozisoft]] which became Sega Ozisoft until the late 90's when Sega took its shares from Ozisoft after Sega Ozisoft was bought out by [[Infogrames]]. Sega Australia is tied with Sega Europe because of the [[PAL]] situation, and releases [[Sega Master System]] and [[Sega Mega Drive]] VC games with [[Nintendo Australia]]. Ozisoft was then bought out by [[Atari]]. Until 2000, Sega's official corporate name was '''Sega Enterprises Ltd.'''.
 
 
==History==
 
===Origins and entry into the video game market (1945–1989)===
 
Sega was founded in 1940 as '''Standard Games''' (later '''Service Games''') in [[Honolulu, Hawaii]],<ref>[http://www.sega.com/corporate/corporatehist.php?item=corporate_history Sega of America<!-- Bot generated title -->]</ref> by [[Martin Bromely]], [[Irving Bromberg]], and [[James Humpert]] to provide coin-operated amusements for American servicemen on military bases. Bromely suggested that the company move to Tokyo, Japan in 1951 and in May 1952 "'''SE'''rvice '''GA'''mes of Japan" was registered.
 
 
In 1954, another American businessman, David Rosen, fell in love with Tokyo and established his own company, Rosen Enterprises, Inc., in Japan to export art. When the company imported coin-operated instant photo booths, it stumbled on a surprise hit: The booths were very popular in Japan. Business was booming, and Rosen Enterprises expanded by importing coin-operated electro-mechanical games.
 
 
Rosen Enterprises and Service Games merged in 1965 to make Sega Enterprises. Within a year, the new company released a submarine-simulator game called ''Periscope'' that became a smash-hit worldwide.
 
 
In 1969, [[Gulf+Western]] purchased Sega, and Rosen was allowed to remain CEO of the Sega division. Under Rosen's leadership, Sega continued to grow and prosper.
 
 
In the video game arcades, Sega was known for games such as [[Zaxxon]] and [[Out Run]]''.
 
<!-- Deleted image removed: [[Image:Flyer-Sega-Periscope.jpg|thumb|Periscope was Sega's first highly successful arcade game.]] -->
 
Sega's revenues would hit $214 million by 1982 and in 1983, <ref>http://www2.sega.com/corporate/corporatehist.php?item=coporate_history</ref>Sega would release its first video game console, the [[SG-1000]], the first 3D arcade video game, ''[[SubRoc-3D]]'', which used a special periscope viewer to deliver individual images to each eye, and the first action-based [[laserdisc]] arcade game, ''[[Astron Belt]]''.
 
 
In the same year, Sega was hit hard by the American [[video game crash of 1983|video game crash]]. Hemorrhaging money, Gulf+Western sold the U.S. assets of Sega to famous pinball manufacturer [[Bally]] Manufacturing Corporation. The Japanese assets of Sega were purchased for $38 million by a group of investors led by Rosen and Hayao Nakayama, a Japanese businessman who owned a distribution company that had been acquired by Rosen in 1979. Nakayama became the new CEO of Sega, and Rosen became head of its subsidiary in the United States.
 
 
In 1984, the multibillion dollar Japanese conglomerate [[CSK]] bought Sega, renamed it to Sega Enterprises Ltd., headquartered it in Japan, and two years later, shares of its stock were being traded on the [[Tokyo Stock Exchange]]. David Rosen's friend, [[Isao Okawa]], the chairman of [[CSK]], became chairman of Sega.
 
 
In 1986, Sega of America was established to take advantage of the resurgent video game market in the United States.
 
 
Sega would also release the [[Sega Master System]] and the first [[Alex Kidd]] game, who would be SEGA's [[mascot]] until 1991 when [[Sonic the Hedgehog (character)|Sonic the Hedgehog]] took over. While the Master System was technically superior to the [[Nintendo Entertainment System|NES]]<ref>http://classicgaming.gamespy.com/View.php?view=ConsoleMuseum.Detail&id=28&game=10</ref>, it failed to capture market share in North America due to highly aggressive strategies by Nintendo and ineffective marketing by [[Tonka]]. However, it did dominate the European and Brazilian markets until Sega discontinued the system in Europe in 1996, and in Brazil in 2000.
 
 
===Sega as a Major Console Manufacturer (1988-2001)===
 
====Sega Mega Drive/Genesis====
 
{{main|Sega Mega Drive}}
 
[[Image:Megadrive no shadow.jpg|thumb|left|[[Sega Mega Drive]], European/Australasian ([[PAL]]) version.]]
 
With the introduction of the [[Sega Mega Drive]] (known as Sega Genesis in North America), and to carry the momentum to the new generation of games, Sega of America, led by Tom Kalinske, launched an anti-[[Nintendo]] campaign with it's slogan, "Genesis does what Nintendon't." When Nintendo launched its [[Super Nintendo Entertainment System]], in 1991, Sega changed its slogan to "Welcome to the next level".
 
[[Image:Sonic 1991.png|thumb|[[Sonic the Hedgehog (character)|Sonic the Hedgehog]] has been Sega's [[List of video game mascots|mascot]] since his introduction in 1991.]]
 
In 1991, in order to rival Nintendo to the punch of the upcoming Super Nintendo, Sega re-branded itself with a new game and mascot, [[Sonic the Hedgehog (character)|Sonic the Hedgehog]]. With his hip attitude and style, he was marketed to seem "cooler" than [[Mario]], Nintendo's mascot.<ref>http://www.ce2.coos-bay.k12.or.us/Studentwebs/Danny/90s.htm</ref> This shift led to a wider success for the Genesis and would eventually propel Sega to 65% of the market in North America for a brief time.<ref>http://romhustler.net/roms/genesis/s</ref> Simultaneously, after much previous delay, Sega released the moderately successful [[Sega CD]] as an add-on feature, allowing for extra storage in games due to their CD-ROM format, giving developers the ability to make longer, more sophisticated games, the most popular of which was Sega’s own ''[[Sonic CD]]''.<ref>[http://www.gamespot.com/games.html?type=games&platform=1002 Top Sega CD Games - Best Sega CD Video Games - Best Sega CD Games - Top Sega CD Video Games<!-- Bot generated title -->]</ref>
 
 
By 1994, Sega had released the [[Sega 32X]] in an attempt to upgrade the Mega Drive to the standards of more advanced systems. It sold well initially, but had problems with lack of software and hype about the upcoming [[Sega Saturn]] and [[Sony]]'s [[Playstation]]. Within a year, it was in the bargain bins of many stores.<ref>[http://www.planetdreamcast.com/about/sega/ PlanetDreamcast: About - Sega History<!-- Bot generated title -->]</ref>
 
 
====Sega versus Accolade====
 
In 1992, Sega lost the Sega v. [[Accolade (company)|Accolade]] case, which involved independently produced software for the Sega Mega Drive/Genesis console that copied a small amount of Sega's code. The verdict set a precedent that [[copyright]]s do not extend to non-expressive content in software that is required by another system to be present in order for that system to run the software <ref>[http://cse.stanford.edu/class/cs201/projects-99-00/intellectual-property-law/reverse_engineering.htm Reverse Engineering<!-- Bot generated title -->]</ref>. The case in question stems from the nature of the console video game market. Hardware companies often sell their systems at or below cost, and rely on other revenue streams such as in this case, game licensing. Sega was attempting to "lock out" game companies from making Mega Drive/Genesis games unless they paid Sega a fee (something its competition has done in the past). Their strategy was to make the hardware reject any cartridge that did not include a Sega trademark. If an unlicensed company included this trademark in their game, Sega could sue the company for trademark infringement. Though Sega lost this lawsuit, all later Sega systems seemed to incorporate a similar hardware requirement. Also worthy of note was the release of the successful Virtua Racing in the arcades and on the Genesis, among the first 3D games on the market, as well as the release of Sonic the Hedgehog 2, the most successful game Sega ever made,<ref>[http://gamasutra.com/features/20060804/boutros_05.shtml Gamasutra - Feature - "A Detailed Cross-Examination of Yesterday and Today's Best-Selling Platform Games"<!-- Bot generated title -->]</ref> selling six million copies as of June 2006.<ref>[http://gamasutra.com/features/20060804/boutros_05.shtml Gamasutra - Feature - "A Detailed Cross-Examination of Yesterday and Today's Best-Selling Platform Games"<!-- Bot generated title -->]</ref>
 
 
====Arcade successes====
 
The 1993 release of [[Virtua Fighter]] was widely hailed as one of the greatest achievements in Sega's history, by utilizing their newest arcade cabinet, the [[Sega Model 1]], they managed to create graphics and gameplay that were, at the time, revolutionary, becoming a massive critical success. The game was a smash hit with consumers, spawning four direct sequels, several successful spinoffs, as well as the 3D Fighting genre. It is one of the video games on display at the Smithsonian.
 
 
Sega followed that success in 1994 with [[Daytona USA]]. The success of Daytona USA would be unparalleled in the history of the arcades, becoming the most profitable game ever released in that medium. Other notable hits of the year would be Yu Suzuki's Virtua Cop and Star Wars Arcade.
 
 
In 1994 Sega acquired [[Data East]]'s [[pinball]] and video game divisions<ref>http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9A05E4DF1E39F934A1575BC0A962958260 New York Times article about Sega's acquisition of Data East Pinball</ref>, ending Data East's presence in America and re-entering the pinball market for the first times since 1978. Their video games division was folded into Sega's North American operations but the pinball division continued to operate out of [[Illinois]]. The pinball industry had already fallen on hard times and by 1997 Sega and [[WMS Industries]] (which sold pinball machines under the [[Bally]] and Williams labels) were the only two remaining pinball manufacturers in the world. In 1999, after only 5 years of making pinball machines Sega sold its pinball division to Gary Stern, who had been running the company since its founding as Data East Pinball in 1986.<ref>[http://www.sternpinball.com/DidYouKnow.shtml Welcome to STERN Pinball<!-- Bot generated title -->]</ref> Gary Stern turned the division into an independent company and named it [[Stern pinball#Stern Pinball.2C Inc.|Stern Pinball, Inc.]]
 
 
Despite their massive advances in the arcades, Sega’s share of the home market plummeted by 1994 to 35%.<ref>http://romhustler.net/roms/genesis/s</ref> In 1994, the Sega 32X was released; however, it never achieved commercial success in light of Sega's attention on the forthcoming Saturn.<ref>http://www.thegameconsole.com/videogames94.htm</ref> Also in 1994, Sega launched the [[Sega Channel]], a subscription gaming service delivered by local cable companies affiliated with Time-Warner Cable or TCI through which subscribers received a special cartridge adapter that connected to the cable connection. At its peak, the Sega Channel had approximately 250,000 subscribers.<ref>http://retro.ign.com/articles/880/880968p1.html</ref>
 
 
====Sega Saturn====
 
{{main|Sega Saturn}}
 
[[Image:Saturn sega.jpg|thumb|[[Sega Saturn]].]]
 
On [[May 11]], [[1995]], Sega released the [[Sega Saturn]] (with [[Virtua Fighter]]) in the American market, which utilized a 32 bit processor and preceded both the [[PlayStation]] and the [[Nintendo 64]]. However, poor sales in the West (including the traditional stronghold markets in Europe) led to the console being abandoned.<ref>http://www.ce2.coos-bay.k12.or.us/Studentwebs/Danny/90s.htm</ref> Notable titles include several titles exclusive to the Japanese market, like [[Radiant Silvergun]] and [[Sakura Taisen]], involving fighting games like Last Bronx, rail shooters, such as [[Panzer Dragoon]] and [[The House of the Dead]] and a few well regarded RPGs; [[Panzer Dragoon Saga]], [[Grandia]], and [[Shining Force 3]].
 
 
In 1997, Sega entered into a short-lived merger with [[Bandai]]. However it was later called off, citing "cultural differences" between the two companies.<ref>http://www.gamespot.com/news/2466444.html</ref> Entertainment fun center [[GameWorks]], was founded in 1997 as well as the now defunct [[Sega World]] theme parks.
 
 
====Dreamcast====
 
{{main|Dreamcast}}
 
[[Image:Dreamcast-set-orange.png|thumb|Sega [[Dreamcast]].]]
 
On September 9th, 1999 (the date 9/9/99 featured heavily in U.S. promotion), Sega launched the [[Dreamcast]] game console in North America. The Dreamcast was not only competitive price wise, partly due to the use of off-the-shelf components, but it also featured technology that allowed for more technically impressive games than its direct competitors, the [[Nintendo 64]] and [[Sony PlayStation]]. An analog 56k [[modem]] was also included, allowing gamers to play multi-player games online on a home console for the first time, featuring titles such as the action-puzzle title [[Chu Chu Rocket]], [[Phantasy Star Online]], the first console-based [[MMORPG]], and the innovative [[Alien Front Online]], the first console game with online voice chat.
 
 
The Dreamcast's launch in Japan caused a failure. Launching with a small library of generally uninteresting software and in the shadow of the upcoming PS2, the system would not gain great success, despite several successful games in the region. The Western launch a year later was accompanied by a large amount of both 1st party and 3rd party software and an aggressive marketing campaign. It was extremely successful and earned the distinction of "most successful hardware launch in history," selling a then-unprecedented 500,000 consoles in its first week in North America. <ref>[http://www.vidgame.net/SEGA/DC.html Vidgame.net: Sega Dreamcast<!-- Bot generated title -->]</ref> Sega was able to hold onto this momentum in the US almost until the launch of Sony's [[PlayStation 2]]. The Dreamcast is home to several innovative and critically acclaimed games of the time, including one of the first [[cel-shaded]] titles, [[Jet Set Radio]]; [[Seaman (video game)|Seaman]], a game involving communication with a fish-type creature via microphone; a rhythm game involving the use of maracas, [[Samba de Amigo]]; and [[Shenmue]], an adventure game of vast scope with freeform gameplay and a striking attempt at creating a detailed in-game city. Despite receiving critical acclaim, these titles failed to garner much public attention in the face of the upcoming Playstation 2 launch.
 
 
Faced with debt and competition from Sony, Nintendo, and Microsoft, Sega officially discontinued the Dreamcast hardware in 2002. The final game Sega released for it was [[NHL 2K2]].
 
 
===Shift to a software manufacturer (2002-2005)===
 
2002 would see a major shift in focus for Sega as it moved out of the console manufacturing business.<ref name="PS2Timeline"/>
 
 
The company has since evolved primarily into a platform-agnostic software company, known as a "third-party publisher", that creates games that will launch on a variety of game consoles produced by other companies, many of them former rivals, the first of which was a port of [[Chu Chu Rocket]] to Nintendo's [[Game Boy Advance]].
 
 
Arcade units are still being produced, first under the [[Sega NAOMI]] name, and then with subsequent releases of the [[Sega NAOMI 2]], [[Sega HIKARU]], [[Sega Chihiro]], [[Triforce (arcade system board)|Triforce]] (in collaboration with Nintendo and Namco) and the [[Sega Lindbergh]].
 
 
Despite several early hits as a third party vendor, including [[Virtua Fighter 4]], [[Sonic Adventure 2 Battle]] and the new [[Super Monkey Ball]] series, Sega fell on hard times, and after the death of CSK founder [[Isao Okawa]] in 2001, who spent over US$40 million to help Sega, CSK put Sega on the auction block. The first potential buyer was Japan's [[Sammy]] who discussed a merger, but plans fell through. Discussions also took place with [[Namco]], [[Bandai]], [[Electronic Arts]] and [[Microsoft]].
 
 
In August 2003, Sammy bought the outstanding 22% of shares that CSK had,<ref>http://www.gamespot.com/news/2004/05/18/news_6098677.html</ref> and Sammy chairman Hajime Satomi became CEO of Sega. With the Sammy chairman at the helm of Sega, it has been stated that Sega's activity will focus on its profit-making arcade business rather than its loss-making home software development. In late December, Sega launched the highly successful [[Sonic Heroes]] selling over 2 million copies. It was the first Sonic game to be on both the [[Xbox]] and the PlayStation 2.
 
 
During the middle of 2004, Sammy bought a controlling share in Sega Corporation at a cost of $1.1 billion, creating the new company [[Sega Sammy Holdings]], one of the biggest game manufacturing companies in the world. With the merger, Sega reabsorbed its second party studios and began to reorganize them. [[Tetsuya Mizuguchi]], father of [[Sega Rally]] and [[Space Channel 5]], cited the changes in the corporate culture after the Sega-Sammy merger.<ref>Kikizo Staff. [http://games.kikizo.com/features/tetsuya_mizuguchi_iv_oct05_p1.asp Tetsuya Mizuguchi Interview 2005]. October 13, 2005. Retrieved August 13, 2008.</ref>
 
 
On [[January 25]], [[2005]], Sega sold [[Visual Concepts]], a studio Sega dubbed a "1.5" developer, to [[Take-Two Interactive]] for $24 million. Sega used the parlance "1.5" as a mid-point of sorts between first-party and second-party developer status: that is, a wholly owned studio that would otherwise be known as a first-party developer, but was outside of internal development teams. Visual Concepts was known for many Sega Sports games including the ''[[ESPN NFL Football]]'' series, formerly NFL2K. The sale also came with Visual Concept's wholly-owned subsidiary [[Kush Games]]. Take Two subsequently announced the start of the publishing label [[2K Games]] because of this purchase.
 
 
===Success again (2006-present)===
 
<!-- Commented out: [[Image:Sega of Japan's Headquarters.png|thumb|right|250px|Sega of Japan's Headquarters using [[Google Earth]].|{{deletable image-caption|1=Friday, 15 August 2008}}]] -->
 
By the end of 2005, Sega experienced strong earnings growth across multiple divisions. Contributing to the company's success were strong pachinko sales<ref>http://www.segasammy.co.jp/english/pdf/release/Notice070206-Adjustment%20_2_.pdf</ref>, and sales of software titles [[Yakuza (video game)|Ryu Ga Gotoku]] (known as Yakuza outside of Japan), [[Mushiking]], and [[Sonic the Hedgehog (2006 game)|Sonic the Hedgehog]].
 
 
In an effort to appeal to western tastes, they partnered with [[Obsidian Entertainment]] to develop a new [[Role-playing game (video games)|RPG]] for the [[PlayStation 3]], [[Xbox 360]], and PC based on the Aliens Franchise.<ref>[http://www.gamesindustry.biz/content_page.php?aid=15612 SEGA signs Obsidian for next-generation RPG // GamesIndustry.biz<!-- Bot generated title -->]</ref> The partnership was the latest in a series of collaborations with western video game studios, including [[Monolith Productions]] ([[Condemned: Criminal Origins]]), [[Bizarre Creations]] ([[The Club (video game)|The Club]]), and [[Silicon Knights]] (who have yet to announce their project with Sega).
 
 
That desire to have a more Western appeal for Sega was shortly followed up by Sega acquiring British developer Sports Interactive after a successful run of publishing ''Football Manager 2005'' and ''2006'', in which they managed to sell 1.5 million copies,<ref>[http://www.gamesindustry.biz/content_page.php?aid=15831 SEGA acquires [[Sports Interactive]] // GamesIndustry.biz<!-- Bot generated title -->]</ref> the deal was said to be worth in the region of [[Pound sterling|£]]30 million ($52 million) by Miles Jacobson, Sports Interactive’s Managing Director.<ref>[http://www.gamesindustry.biz/content_page.php?aid=15856 Sega deal is worth "circa GBP 30m" - Sports Interactive boss // GamesIndustry.biz<!-- Bot generated title -->]</ref> This was, however, not the only developer Sega had acquired, they also purchased American developer Secret Level although the terms of the deal was not disclosed,<ref>[http://www.gamesindustry.biz/content_page.php?aid=15834 SEGA establishes new internal development arm in US // GamesIndustry.biz<!-- Bot generated title -->]</ref> Secret Level had however begun work before being bought by Sega to “recreate a classic Sega franchise" for the PS3 and Xbox 360 July 2005, which was revealed to be Golden Axe later that year.
 
 
While Sega continued its expansion in the West, on May 8, 2006, it was announced Sega of Japan begun helping famed Sega developer and [[Sonic Team]] head [[Yuji Naka]] (known for being the main programmer for the original ''[[Sonic the Hedgehog (series)|Sonic the Hedgehog]]'' games and ''[[Nights into Dreams...]]'') to start up his own company titled "[[Prope]]" (Latin for "beside" and "near future")<ref>[http://prope.jp/ 株式会社プロペ 公式サイト<!-- Bot generated title -->]</ref> in which Sega helped provide 10% startup capital<ref>[http://www.gamesindustry.biz/content_page.php?aid=16707 Sonic creator sets up new studio with help from SEGA // GamesIndustry.biz<!-- Bot generated title -->]</ref> and have the option to publish games produced from the studio if they wished to.
 
 
Due to the continued success of Sega’s software sales, the company reported on May 17, 2006 a 31% rise in net profits from that of the previous year of the period ending March 31, 2006, being posted at ¥66.2 billion ($577 million), as well as an increase in operating profit growing by 13% from the previous year, being posted at ¥553.2 billion ($4.82 billion)<ref>http://www.segasammy.co.jp/english/pdf/release/tanshin_english_final.pdf</ref> notable titles to have helped Sega increase profits in the West being that of ''[[Shadow the Hedgehog (video game)|Shadow the Hedgehog]]'' (which sold over a million copies)<ref>[http://www.gamesindustry.biz/content_page.php?aid=17074 Sega Sammy reports 31 per cent rise in profits // GamesIndustry.biz<!-- Bot generated title -->]</ref> and ''[[Sonic Riders]]'', whilst in Japan, games such as Yakuza, Mushi King and Brain Trainer Portable continued to sell strong.
 
 
Although Sega seemed poised to continue increasing profits, the company reported a massive drop of 93% profits for the period ending June 30, 2006 compared to the same period last of year. Net income for the company dropped from $98.3 million (a year earlier) to $7.12 million for this period ending as well of total sells dropping from $926.5 million to $809.1 million [http://www.segasammy.co.jp/english/pdf/release/200703_1q_e.pdf], Sega reported that the decrease in profits was due to no significant big releases by its slot machine division.
 
 
Despite this, Sega reported in November a massive 52% rise in profits for the periods between April and September 2006, compared to the same period last year.<ref>http://www.segasammy.co.jp/english/pdf/release/200609tanshin_englishver_1110.pdf</ref> Software sales for the company had also increased with 5.75 million. Of those units, 1.76 million were sold in Japan, 1.59 million in Europe, 2.36 million in the US and 30,000 in other regions.<ref>[http://www.gamesindustry.biz/content_page.php?aid=21029 Sega Sammy sees 52 per cent profits rise // GamesIndustry.biz<!-- Bot generated title -->]</ref> a number of titles were said to have performed well, in particular Super Monkey Ball: Touch & Roll for the Nintendo DS and Football Manager 2006 for the Xbox 360 having sold well. While Sega performed better in 2006, they had slashed their forecasts for the year ending March 2007 by 20% with an anticipated profit of $536.7 million, down from the initial profits of $656.7 million.
 
 
Continuing to prepare more games for the Western market, Sega was able to bridge a partnership with New Line Cinema in September to develop a game for the movie tie-in game [[The Golden Compass]] [http://www.sega-europe.com/en/NewsStory/1293.htm] and also partnered themselves with Fox to develop two new games based on the [[Alien (franchise)|Alien]] franchise.<ref>[http://aliens.sega-europe.com/en/index.html ALIENS<!-- Bot generated title -->]</ref> Sega had then assigned critically acclaimed developers [[Gearbox software]] to develop a first person shooter and [[Obsidian Entertainment]] to develop an RPG based on the popular film franchise for the [[Playstation 3]], Xbox 360, and PC. Sega has both titles in pre-production and one of them is set to be released in 2009.<ref>[http://www.gamesindustry.biz/content_page.php?aid=21718 SEGA enlists heavyweight support for Alien games // GamesIndustry.biz<!-- Bot generated title -->]</ref>
 
 
==Recognized company personnel==
 
*In alphabetical order
 
'''Corporate Division'''
 
 
'''American'''
 
*[[Ken Balthaser]]: Former SOA head of development 1989-
 
*[[Charles Bellfield]]: Former vice president of strategy and corporate affairs
 
*[[Simon Jeffery]]: Recruited from Lucas Arts, Simon Jeffery President SOA (2003 - )
 
*[[Tom Kalinske]]: President SOA (1991 – 1996), Former Board Member (199X – 199?)
 
*[[Michael Katz (Business)|Michael Katz]]: President SOA (1989 - 1991)
 
*[[Peter Moore (business)|Peter Moore]]: Vice President (199X – 1999) President SOA (1999 – 2003)
 
*[[David Rosen (business)|David Rosen]]: Co-Founder, Board Member
 
*[[Scott Steinberg]]: Vice president of marketing SOA 2003 - 2007.
 
*[[Bernie Stolar]]: Recruited from Sony, President SOA (1996 – 1999)
 
 
 
'''Australian'''
 
 
*[[Jonathan Clavin]]: Former SEGA President of Australian Intercontinental Operations (1987-2001)
 
*Dan MacBeth: Managing Director of [[Sega Australia]]'s operations.
 
 
'''European'''
 
 
*[[Robert Deith]]: Past Chair of Board
 
*[[James P. Hopwood]]: Past Chair of Board
 
*[[William S. Polchinski]]: Former Senior Assistant Chairman of Sales and Marketing Division (1999-2004)
 
 
'''Japanese'''
 
*[[Hayao Nakayama]]: Co-Founder, President SOJ (1984-2001)
 
*[[Isao Okawa]]: President SOJ 2000 - 2001 (died shortly after Dreamcast was discontinued, forgave the debts Sega owed him and gave the company his $695 million worth of Sega and CSK stock to Sega Corporation.)<ref name=Okawadebt>{{cite book|last=Kent| first=Steven|authorlink=Steven L. Kent|title=The Ultimate History of Video Games: From Pong to Pokémon and Beyond- The Story That Touched Our Lives and Changed the World|origyear=2001|edition=First|publisher=Prima Publishing|location=Roseville, California| isbn=0-7615-3643-4|pages=589|chapter=Three Horses and a Pony|quote=In his last days, Okawa forgave Sega's debts to him and returned all of his shared of Sega and CSK stock as a gift-in Sega's case, a $695 million gift that would help the company survive the transition of becoming a mulitplatform software manufacturer.}}</ref>
 
*[[Shoichiro Irimajiri]]: President SOJ 1998 - 2000
 
*Yukawa Hidekazu: aka Mr. Dreamcast, is the man on the [[Dreamcast]] boxes in Japan, and has an appearance in a promotional Dreamcast demo called ''[['What's Shenmue']]''
 
 
'''Video Game Hardware Division'''
 
 
*[[Hideki Sato]] Designer of all major hardware
 
 
'''Video Game Software Division'''
 
 
*[[Toshihiro Nagoshi]]: Head of NE R&D 1.
 
*[[Mie Kumagai]] : Head of AM R&D 3, only female studio head.
 
*[[Yuji Naka]]: Co-creator of company mascot, owns independent studio, 10% funded by Sega.
 
*[[Yu Suzuki]]: Head of AM Plus R&D (AKA NE R&D 2, DigitalRex).
 
 
==In-house studios==
 
'''Global Entertainment Software R&D''', which was led by [[Yuji Naka]] until 2006. "GE" currently focuses on developing video games for home consoles.
 
 
{|class="wikitable"
 
|-
 
! Department
 
! Members From
 
! Headed By
 
! Notable Titles
 
|-
 
|G.E. Dept. #1,
 
|[[Sonic Team]]
 
|[[Akinori Nishiyama]]
 
|''[[Sonic and the Secret Rings]]'', ''[[Sonic the Hedgehog (2006 video game)|Sonic the Hedgehog 2006]]'', ''[[Phantasy Star Universe]]'', ''[[Sonic Unleashed]]''
 
|-
 
|G.E Dept. #2
 
|[[United Game Artists]]
 
|Akira Nishino
 
|''[[Feel the Magic: XY/XX]]'', ''[[The Rub Rabbits!]]'', ''[[Sonic Riders]]'', ''[[Sonic Riders: Zero Gravity]]''
 
|-
 
|[[Sega Studio USA]]
 
|[[Sonic Team USA]]
 
|[[Takashi Iizuka (game designer)|Takashi Iizuka]]
 
|''[[Sonic Adventure 2]]'', ''[[Shadow the Hedgehog (video game)|Shadow the Hedgehog]]'', ''[[Sonic Heroes]]'', ''[[Nights: Journey of Dreams]]''
 
|-
 
|Mobile Content R&D
 
|New Studio
 
|[[Kazunari Tsukamoto]]
 
|''[[Brain Trainer Portable]]
 
|-
 
|Sega Studio China
 
|New Studio
 
|[[Makoto Uchida]]
 
|None as of now
 
|}
 
 
'''Amusement Software R&D''', which currently focus' on the development of games for arcade machines.
 
 
{|class="wikitable"
 
|-
 
! Department
 
! Members From
 
! Headed By
 
! Notable Titles
 
|-
 
|AM.1 R&D
 
|[[WOW Entertainment]]
 
+ [[Overworks]]
 
|[[Atsushi Seimiya]]
 
|''[[The House of the Dead (series)|House of the Dead]]'' series, ''[[Shinobi series|Shinobi]]'' series, ''[[Sakura Wars]]'' series, ''[[Phantasy Star (series)|Phantasy Star]] series'', ''[[Skies of Arcadia]]'', ''[[Valkyrie of the Battlefield]]''
 
|-
 
|AM.2 R&D
 
|[[Sega-AM2]]
 
|[[Hiroshi Kataoka]]
 
|''[[Virtua Fighter]]'' series, ''[[Virtua Cop]]'' series, ''[[Out Run]]'' series, ''[[Shenmue]]'' series, ''[[After Burner]]'' series, ''[[Sword of Vermilion]]'', ''[[Daytona USA]]'' series
 
|-
 
|AM.3 R&D
 
|[[Hitmaker]] + [[Sega Rosso]]
 
|[[Mie Kumagai]]
 
|''[[Crazy Taxi]]'' series, ''[[Virtual On]]'' series, ''[[Virtua Tennis]]'' series, "[[Initial D Arcade Stage]]" series
 
|-
 
|Family Entertainment
 
|New Department
 
|[[Hiroshi Uemura]]
 
|''[[Mushiking: King of the Beetles]]'' series, ''[[Oshare Majo: Love and Berry]]'', ''[[Dinosaur King]]''
 
|-
 
|Sports Design R&D
 
|[[Smilebit]]
 
|[[Takayuki Kawagoe]]
 
|''[[Mario & Sonic at the Olympic Games]]'', ''[[Let's Make a J-League Pro Soccer Club]]'' series, ''[[Let's Make a J-League Baseball Team]]'' series
 
|}
 
 
'''New Entertainment R&D''', which is led by each department head. "NE" currently focus' on the development of new content for the arcade and home console markets.
 
 
{|class="wikitable"
 
|-
 
! Department
 
! Members From
 
! Headed By
 
! Notable Titles
 
|-
 
|NE.1 R&D
 
|[[Amusement Vision|Amusement Vision, Ltd.]]
 
+ [[Smilebit]]
 
|[[Toshihiro Nagoshi]]
 
|''[[Super Monkey Ball]]'' series, ''[[Shining Force Neo]]'', ''[[Yakuza (video game)|Yakuza]]'' (''[[Ryū ga Gotoku]]'') series
 
|-
 
|AMPlus R&D
 
|[[Digitalrex]]
 
|[[Yu Suzuki]]
 
|''[[Psy-Phi]]'', ''[[Shenmue Online]]'', ''[[Sega Race TV]]''
 
|}
 
 
==Subsidiary studios==
 
Sega began acquiring or founding subsidiary studios in 2005, and they have been the cornerstone of an internal shift within Sega to appeal to a more Western audience.
 
 
{|class="wikitable"
 
|-
 
! Department
 
! Division
 
! Year of purchase/founding
 
! Notable Titles
 
|-
 
|[[Secret Level]]
 
|Sega of America
 
|2005
 
|''[[Golden Axe: Beast Rider]]'', ''[[Iron Man (video game)|Iron Man]]''
 
|-
 
|[[Sega Racing Studio]]
 
|Sega Europe
 
|2005 (Dissolved in 2008)
 
|''[[Sega Rally Revo]]''
 
|-
 
|[[The Creative Assembly]]
 
|Sega Europe, [[Sega Australia]]
 
|2005
 
|''[[Total War (video game series)|Total War]]'', ''[[Viking Battle for Asgard]]''
 
|-
 
|[[Sports Interactive]]
 
|Sega Europe
 
|2006
 
|''[[Football Manager]]'' series
 
|-
 
|[[Prope]]
 
|Sega Corporation (Japan)
 
|2006
 
|''[[Let's Tap]]''
 
|}
 
 
== Former Structure Prior to Sammy Merger ==
 
 
'''Sega of Japan's Studios'''
 
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
|-
 
! InHouse Name
 
! Name as Second Party
 
! Notable Titles
 
|-
 
| AM1 R&D
 
| [[WOW Entertainment]]
 
| ''[[The House of the Dead (video game)|House of the Dead]]'' series, ''[[Sega GT]]'' series
 
|-
 
| AM2 R&D
 
| [[Sega-AM2]]
 
| | ''[[Virtua Fighter]]'' series, ''[[Virtua Cop]]'' series, ''[[Out Run]]'' series, ''[[Shenmue]]'' series, ''[[After Burner]]'' series, ''[[Fighting Vipers]]'' series
 
|-
 
| AM3 R&D
 
| [[Hitmaker]]
 
| ''[[Crazy Taxi]]'' series, ''[[Virtual On]]'' series,
 
|-
 
| AM4 R&D
 
| [[Amusement Vision]]
 
| ''[[Daytona USA (arcade game)|Daytona USA]]'', ''[[Super Monkey Ball]]'' series, ''[[SpikeOut]]'' series
 
|-
 
| AM5 R&D
 
| [[Sega Rosso]]
 
| ''[[Initial D Arcade Stage]]''
 
|-
 
| AM6 R&D ([[Team Andromeda]])
 
| [[Smilebit]]
 
| ''[[Panzer Dragoon]]'' series, ''[[Jet Set Radio]]'' series, ''[[Let‘s Make a J-League Football Team]]'' series
 
|-
 
| AM7 R&D (Team Shinobi)
 
| [[Overworks]]
 
| ''[[Shinobi (series)|Shinobi]]'' series, ''[[Streets of Rage]]'' series, ''[[Phantasy Star]]'' series, ''[[Sakura Taisen]]'' series, ''[[Skies of Arcadia]]''
 
|-
 
| AM8 R&D
 
| [[Sonic Team]]
 
| ''[[Sonic the Hedgehog series]]'', ''[[Nights into Dreams...|Nights]]'' series, ''[[Phantasy Star Online]]'' series, ''[[Samba de Amigo]]'', ''[[Chu Chu Rocket]]'', ''[[Burning Rangers]]''
 
|-
 
| AM9 R&D (AM Annex)
 
| [[United Game Artists]]
 
| ''[[Sega Rally]]'' series, ''[[Space Channel 5]]'' series, ''[[Rez]]''
 
|-
 
| Digital Media<ref name="wmaster">{{cite web|url=http://www.consoledatabase.com/companies-organisations/sega/index.html|title=Sega Enterprises Company Information|accessdate=2008-04-06}}</ref>
 
| [[Wave Master]]
 
| Wave Master concentrated on the development of music for various Sega games, and as such, is not a studio in the traditional sense.
 
|}
 
 
'''Sega of America's Studios''''''
 
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
|-
 
! Studio
 
! Notable Titles
 
|-
 
| [[Visual Concepts]]
 
| [[NFL 2K]] series, [[NBA 2K]] series, Floigan Bros, [[Ooga Booga]], [[ToeJam & Earl III: Mission to Earth]] (with [[ToeJam & Earl Productions]])
 
|-
 
| [[Sega Technical Institute]]
 
| [[Sonic The Hedgehog series]] (with Sonic Team), [[Sonic Spinball]], [[Comix Zone]], [[The Ooze]], [[Die Hard Arcade]] (with Sega AM1)
 
|-
 
| Sega Interactive
 
| [[Eternal Champions]] series, [[Star Wars Arcade]]
 
|-
 
| [[SegaSoft]]
 
| SegaSoft developed games for Heat.com, rather than traditional commercial games.
 
|-
 
| Multimedia Studio
 
| The Multimedia Studio concentrated on the development of music for various Sega efforts, and as such, is not a studio in the traditional sense.
 
|-
 
| [[Sega Studio USA]]
 
| [[Sonic Adventure 2]], [[Sonic Heroes]], [[Shadow the Hedgehog (video game)|Shadow the Hedgehog]], [[Nights: Journey of Dreams]]
 
|}
 
 
==Hardware==<!-- This section is linked from [[Sega hardware]] -->
 
===Arcade boards===
 
{|-
 
|valign=top|
 
*[[Sega G80]]
 
*[[Sega System 1]]
 
*[[Sega System 2]]
 
*[[Sega System E]]
 
*[[Sega System 16]]
 
*[[Sega X Board]]
 
*[[Sega Y Board]]
 
*[[Sega System 18]]
 
*[[Sega System 24]]
 
*[[Sega Mega-Tech]]
 
*[[Sega Mega-Play]]
 
*[[Sega System C-2]]
 
|valign=top|
 
*[[Sega System 32]]
 
*[[Sega Model 1]]
 
*[[Sega Model 2]]
 
*[[Sega Titan Video]]
 
*[[Sega Model 3]]
 
*[[Sega NAOMI]]
 
*[[Sega NAOMI 2]]
 
*[[Sega HIKARU]]
 
*[[Sega Chihiro]]
 
*[[Triforce (arcade system board)|Triforce]] – in collaboration with Nintendo and [[Namco]]
 
*[[Sega Lindbergh]]
 
*[[Sega Europa-R]]
 
|}
 
 
===Consoles===
 
*[[Sega SG-1000]]: Available in limited markets
 
*[[Sega SG-1000#SG-1000 II|Sega SG-1000 II]]: Updated version of the SG-1000, includes a keyboard
 
*[[Sega SG-1000 Mark III]]: Only available in Japan
 
*[[Sega SC-3000]]: A computer version of the SG-1000
 
*[[Sega SC-3000H]]: An updated version with more RAM and keyboard (the original keyboard was of the low-end membrane type).
 
*[[Sega Master System]]: Essentially the SG-1000 Mark III only with a different name and a few minor adjustments
 
*[[Sega Mega Drive]]: Known as the Sega Genesis in North America due to another company owning the Mega Drive trademark in that region.
 
*[[Sega Mega-CD]]: Known simply as the Sega CD for the North American market, it allowed CD based games as well as [[Red Book (audio CD standard)|Audio CD]]s to be played on the Mega Drive.
 
*[[Sega 32X]]: Hardware update to the Mega Drive allowing 32 bit based games to be played
 
*[[Sega Multi-Mega]]: a portable CD player with the functionalities of a Sega Mega Drive and Sega Mega CD. Following the ''Mega ...'' brands, its name was Multi-Mega in most of the world and Genesis CDX in North America.
 
*[[Sega TeraDrive]]: A [[16-bit]] [[Personal Computer|PC]] with an integrated Mega Drive. Came with a [[Software Development Kit]] to allow creation of Mega Drive games. The system was only released in Japan.
 
*[[Sega 32X#Sega Neptune|Sega Neptune]]: A Sega Mega Drive/32X hybrid. It never passed the prototype stage. Only two empty cases are known to exist.
 
*[[Sega Saturn]]: True 32-bit console
 
*[[Sega Dreamcast]]: First 128 bit ([[History of video game consoles (sixth generation)|sixth generation]]) console, also Sega's last console.
 
*[[Sega Pico]]: an educational gaming system.
 
*Sega [[Advanced Pico Beena]]: Successor of the Sega Pico
 
*''[[Amstrad Mega PC]]'': Although not actually produced by Sega themselves, the Mega PC is Amstrad's version of the TeraDrive for European and Australian markets, thus includes electronics for Sega's Mega Drive console built-in.
 
 
===Handhelds===
 
*[[Game Gear]]: Sega’s [[8-bit]] handheld
 
*[[Sega Nomad]]: Sega’s Mega Drive, in a portable unit
 
*Sega [[VMU]]: Memory Card for Dreamcast, also able to download games
 
*[[Sega Mega Jet]]: A Mega Drive unit only available on [[Japan Airlines]] flights
 
 
==Advertisement campaigns==
 
Sega has had a long history of different slogans and ad campaigns.
 
 
'''Arcade'''
 
*The Arcade Experts. (early 80s)
 
 
'''Sega Master System'''
 
*The challenge will always be there.
 
*Major fun and games!
 
*Now, there are no limits.
 
*Hot hits today! More hits on the way!
 
*Do me a favor, plug me into a Sega (talking TV).
 
 
'''Mega Drive/Genesis'''
 
*[[Genesis does what nintendon't#Console wars|Genesis does what Nintendon't!]]
 
*[[Blast Processing]]
 
*The name "''Sega!''" being composed by a "choir".
 
*Welcome To The Next Level. (Also used for the Game Gear.)
 
*To be this good takes AGES, To be this good takes SEGA.
 
*Siga Sega! ("Follow Sega!", used in Brazil during the early 90's)
 
*Sega, c'est plus fort que toi ! ('Sega, it's stronger than you!', cult French TV slogan, early 90s)
 
*16 bit arcade graphics!
 
*La Ley del Más Fuerte (The Law of the Strongest, Spanish slogan from 1993-94)
 
*The more you play with it, the harder it gets. <ref>[http://www.fileden.com/files/2007/3/27/931714/Sega.PNG Sega Mega Drive Advertisment]</ref>
 
*Pirate TV (Britain)
 
*Canal Pirata Sega (Spain)
 
 
'''Saturn'''
 
*Welcome to the Real World - Sega Saturn. (Early UK TV slogan)
 
*Play the Sega Saturn!! [[Segata Sanshiro]]
 
*When you have Sega Saturn, nothing else matters.
 
*The Game is Never Over (also used in last European Mega Drive commercials.)
 
*Peligrosamente real (Dangerously Real. 1st Spanish slogan)
 
*Contraprogramate (Go against the standars, Spain, 1996)
 
*The Plaything ad.
 
*The Theater of the eye (mid-90s US ad.)
 
*Nous ne sommes pas sur la même planète ('We are not on the same planet', French slogan in the mid 90s)
 
 
'''Dreamcast'''
 
*It's Thinking. (promotion for [[Dreamcast]])
 
*Up to 6 billion players. (early Dreamcast tagline)
 
 
'''Post Dreamcast years (2002 - 2003)'''
 
*The return of the "Sega!" choir.
 
 
==See also==
 
{{Portal|Sega}}
 
{{portal|Tokyo|PrefSymbol-Tokyo.svg}}
 
*[[List of Sega video game franchises]]
 
 
==References==
 
{{Reflist|2}}
 
*[http://www.segasammy.co.jp/english/pdf/release/070207_tanshin_final_e.pdf Sega financial report]
 
*[http://biz.yahoo.com/ic/42/42010.html Yahoo! Finance details for Sega Corporation]
 
*[http://biz.yahoo.com/ic/43/43622.html Yahoo! Finance details for Sega of America]
 
*Sega's entry into and growth in the American market is documented in [[Terry Sanders]]' film ''The Japan Project: Made in Japan''.
 
 
==External links==
 
*[http://www.sega.com/?t=EnglishUSA Sega of America's official website]
 
*[http://sega.jp/ Sega of Japan's official website]
 
*[http://www.sega-europe.com Sega of Europe's official website]
 
*[http://www.segasammy.co.jp/english Sega Sammy Holdings official website]
 
 
{{Companies portal}}
 
{{Sega}}
 
{{Japanese Electronics Industry}}
 
 
[[Category:Sega|*]]
 
[[Category:United States video game companies]]
 
[[Category:Japanese video game companies]]
 
[[Category:Video game publishers]]
 
[[Category:Pinball manufacturers]]
 
[[Category:Companies based in Tokyo]]
 
[[Category:Companies established in 1940]]
 
[[Category:International Game Developers Association members]]
 
[[Category:Video game developers]]
 
[[Category:Entertainment Software Association]]
 
 
[[ar:سيجا]]
 
[[az:Seqa]]
 
[[br:Sega]]
 
[[ca:Sega]]
 
[[cs:Sega]]
 
[[da:Sega]]
 
[[de:Sega]]
 
[[es:SEGA]]
 
[[fa:سگا]]
 
[[fr:Sega]]
 
[[gl:Sega (videoxogos)]]
 
[[ko:세가]]
 
[[id:Sega]]
 
[[it:SEGA]]
 
[[ms:Sega]]
 
[[nl:Sega]]
 
[[ja:セガ]]
 
[[no:Sega]]
 
[[pl:Sega]]
 
[[pt:Sega]]
 
[[ro:Sega]]
 
[[ru:Sega]]
 
[[simple:Sega]]
 
[[fi:Sega]]
 
[[sv:Sega]]
 
[[th:เซก้า]]
 
[[vi:Sega]]
 
[[uk:Sega]]
 
[[zh:世嘉公司]]
 

Revision as of 13:15, 1 November 2008

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