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For other uses, see Segal (disambiguation).

Segal, and its variants including Segel and some families with Siegel, is a primarily Jewish family name.


The name Segal has been said to be derived either from Hebrew segan leCohen (assistant to the Cohens)[1][2][3] although a minority of sources claim that "Segal" is an abbreviation for segan le-kehunah (assistant to the priest) instead.[4] However, early appearances of the name as šēgal or šāgal in Palmyrene inscriptions suggest these are folk etymologies and its ultimately derivation is as a loanword from the Assyrian title 𒊩𒂍𒃲 issu ēkalli > (is)sēkalli "queen" (literally "palace woman"), borrowed from Akkadian into Aramaic and Hebrew as the divine and personal name שֵׁגַ֥ל, including in the Hebrew Bible (e.g. Psalm 45:9).[5][6][7]


Notable people with the surname include the following:









Mathematical concepts[edit]


  • Segal–Cover score, attempt to measure relative liberalism or conservatism of U.S. Supreme Court Justices.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ The Oxford Dictionary of the Jewish Religion ed. Adele Berlin - 2011-p3 "Various family names are derived from abbreviations; for example, Katz (kohen tsedeq [righteous priest]) and Segal (segan leviyyah [Levitical aide]). Abbreviations or acronyms were commonly employed in Talmudic literature as an exegetical ..."
  2. ^ Jewish Budapest: Monuments, Rites, History ed. Kinga Frojimovics, Géza Komoróczy - 1999 p190 "Siegel / Segal / Segall / Chagall, etc.: segan levayya, leader of the Levites (sagan is a loanword from Ancient Mesopotamia, Sumerian and Akkadian, originally denoting a dignity).
  3. ^ Ladies' Home Journal Vol.90 page liii ed. Newell Convers Wyeth - 1973 "Thus descendents of Ben Rabbi Judah Lowe became Brill; Segan Leviyyah became the surname Segal or Segel."
  4. ^ Precious possessions: treasures from the Library of the Sharon Liberman Mintz, Elka Deitsch, Havva Charm - 2001 p38 "... pouring water from a pitcher into a laver. This illustration is a visual reference to the Levitical ancestry of the family of the bridegroom whose surname (Segal) is a standard Hebrew abbreviation for segan le-kehunah (assistant to the priest)."
  5. ^ Lipiński, Edward (1975). Studies in Aramaic Inscriptions and Onomastics. Peeters Publishers. p. 99. ISBN 9789061860198. 
  6. ^ "Psalm 45:9 Hebrew Text Analysis". Retrieved 2015-07-15. 
  7. ^ Parpola, Simo (1988). "The Neo-Assyrian Word for "Queen"" (PDF). SAAB II/2: 73–76. Retrieved 2015-07-15. 

External links[edit]