Segamat (town)

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Segamat
昔加末
Town
Bangunan Tertinggi Segamat.jpg
Country  Malaysia
State Flag of Johor.svg Johor
District Segamat District
Government
 • Body Segamat Municipal Council
 • President Miswan Yunus
Area
 • Total 269 km2 (104 sq mi)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 92,000
 • Density 340/km2 (890/sq mi)
Postcode 85xxx
Telephone area code +60-07
Vehicle registration J

The Segamat is a town located in the Segamat District, Johor, Malaysia. It is 95 km travel distance via North–South Expressway from Johor Bahru to Yong Peng, and another 77 km from Federal Route 1.

Strategically situated between Kuala Lumpur and Johor Bahru, Segamat is a fast-growing agricultural oil palm and rubber district, famous for its delicious durians, hence its recent slogan to attract tourists: Selamat Datang ke Segamat - Tanah Raja Buah-buahan (Malay: Welcome to Segamat - The Land of the King of Fruits). The eponymous town is a typical medium size town with a blend of old and new cultures. A mere 45 minute drive from town offers a variety of hiking and swimming sites namely the famous Gunung Ledang, Air Panas Waterfall and Bekok Waterfall which make an enjoyable weekend getaway.

History[edit]

According to local historian, Hassan bin Muhammad, the area used to be known as Rantau Panjang. In around 1511, a Bendahara of Malacca, Bendahara Tepok and his troops were retreating to Johor after the fall of Melaka to the invading Portuguese forces led by Afonso de Albuquerque. The Bendahara and his troops stopped and rested by a river in the area and drank water from the river. After the drink, the Bendahara exclaimed, "Segar amat!" (Malay: "Very refreshing!"), and named the river Segar Amat, in which over time evolved into Segamat. The name Segamat was initially applied only to the river, whereas the settlement nearby was still called Rantau Panjang. The town assumed the river's name only at the turn of the 20th century.

By the end of the 19th century, the four original districts have several minor subdistricts, for example the previous Muar District has 4 minor districts - Parit Jawa, Chohong, Lenga and Segamat. The first District Officer of Segamat Minor District was Encik Menthol bin Haji Ahmad. In 1933, the district of Segamat was formed after a major district boundary realignment was made by the government of Johor to split the original 4 districts (Muar, Batu Pahat, Johor Bahru and Sedili) into 8 districts (before the 2008 realignment which added the Kulai and Tangkak districts to form 10 districts in Johor).

After the formation of Segamat District, the government began to develop Segamat, mainly with agricultural activities to boost the economy of Segamat. This included the construction of the national railroad system passing the town of Segamat and also the construction of the main road known today as Federal Route 1.

In the 1970s, Tun Razak Highway was constructed to boost the economy of Segamat as an agricultural hub, to shorten the travelling time to Kuantan and to speed up the development progress of the poorly developed areas in southern Pahang.

The Johor branch campus of Universiti Teknologi MARA was constructed at Jementah in the end of the 1980s and started its operation in 1991. The construction of UiTM campus in Segamat district turned Segamat into another important educational hub in Johor besides Skudai, which houses Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.

In 1996, the Segamat Land Port was constructed to make Segamat an important transportational hub, like Nilai in Negeri Sembilan. By constructing the land port, manufacturers may just transport their goods to Segamat Land Port and then the goods can be transported to the nearest sea ports such as Pasir Gudang by train and this will increase the transportation efficiency. However, the plan did not materialise as planned; the space is subsequently rendered largely vacant as of latest 3 February 2012.

In 1999, the second bridge of Segamat, funded mainly by private developers, was constructed to reduce congestion at the main bridge. The second bridge was included as a part of Segamat Inner Ring Road package consisting the road upgrade to 4-lane road at Jalan Pemuda, Jalan Hassan, Jalan Pee Kang Hai and Jalan Chia Chin Koon, which was completed in August 2005. The inner ring road package is useful to divert the traffic flow when the main roads at the town center are closed for special occasions and events such as National Day.

Segamat experienced floods during the 1950s, 1984 and recently on 18 December 2006. The one in 2006, which was caused by Typhoon Utor in the Philippines, was generally considered to be the worst flood to have happened in Segamat and Johor. There is a conspiracy theory that the 2006 flood was caused by improper release of water from the upstream Bekok Dam. The theory is based on the fact that the water level of the Segamat River overflowed at a rate which was believed impossible to have been caused by rain alone.[citation needed]

In January 2011, severe flooding occurred in Segamat and other parts of upstate Johor and the neighbouring state of Melaka, with about 31,000 people evacuated and several deaths.[2]

Segamat has been upgrated to Municipal Council since 1 January 2018 at Dataran Segamat.[3]

Townscape[edit]

Segamat Square

The town of Segamat is the fifth largest town in the state of Johor with about 80,000 residents. According to local residents of Segamat, the town centre of Segamat can be divided into two, where both neighbourhoods are separated by Segamat River:-

  • Bandar Atas (Uptown) - The original town centre of Segamat. The official site of Segamat town centre today is Dataran Segamat, or Segamat Square.
  • Bandar Seberang (Crosstown) - Located at the other side across Segamat river. This neighbourhood is known as Bandar Seberang because of its location across Segamat river. This area houses most of the supermarkets and shopping centres in Segamat.

In addition to the town centre, the urban area of Segamat also covers some villages and towns namely Pekan Jabi, Bukit Siput, Segamat Baru and Bandar Putra Segamat, which makes up the overall population of Segamat urban area to 100,000 residents.

The cost of living in Segamat is relatively affordable. Accommodation is readily available at the housing areas in Segamat town. Shophouses, supermarkets, restaurants and hawker centres in the proximity offer various and inexpensive choices for shopping, chilling out and eating out. A popular shopping market in Malaysia, Giant has also been constructed here.

Economy[edit]

Agriculture is the main contributor of Segamat's economy, contributing about 61.8% of the total employment in 1991. The second economic contributor is manufacturing sector, with 13.1% of total work force in 1995. This is followed by the government service sector, with 12.2% of total work force in the same year.

Commercial areas[edit]

The only shopping complex was built and started opening since year 2012 in Segamat named OneSegamat Mall, which is located adjoining the bus & taxi terminal and adjacent to the railway station, thus enjoying great traffic flow of shoppers and commuters creating excellent business potentials and sales prospects. The complex has the only cinema in Segamat located in its first floor, an 8-screen cinema operated by Lotus Five Star with a capacity around 1,800 people.

In the same year, a popular shopping KIP MART was built at the Bandar Utama.

Wisma Jakel is the most famous in Segamat

Shopping[edit]

  • OneSegamat
  • Billion Shopping Centre
  • Billion Yayasan
  • Econsave Segamat
  • Kipmart
  • Nirwana Supermarket
  • Nirwana Yayasan
  • Housemaker Complex
  • Arked Sri Genuang
  • Arked Mara
  • Cowboy

Transportation[edit]

Car[edit]

Segamat is well-linked by both federal and state road networks. Highway Jkr-ft1.svg, the main north–south trunk road of Peninsular Malaysia, runs through the town centre of Segamat.

The national expressway PLUS E2 does not serve Segamat; motorists using PLUS are however able to get to Segamat by leaving the PLUS expressway at Exit 235 (Tangkak Interchange). From Exit 235, motorists can then use highway Jkr-ft23.png and head north towards Segamat. Highway Jkr-ft23.png joins Segamat to Tangkak and terminates at Muar.

Meanwhile, motorists from the east coast especially Pahang, can access Segamat through Tun Razak Highway (highway Jkr-ft12.png), which connects Segamat through Muadzam Shah to Gambang near Kuantan.

Besides, there are several main state roads in Segamat, namely:

Public transportation[edit]

Segamat Public Transportation Terminal

Rail[edit]

Segamat town has one railway station offering KTM Intercity services. However since 2016, diesel trains on the Intercity service only ply between Johor Bahru and Tumpat, Kelantan. Direct services to Segamat and the east coast are no longer possible from Kuala Lumpur and further north. Passengers are required to switch to the ETS service (electrified Intercity trains) at Gemas, Negeri Sembilan.

Other stations in the Segamat constituency include Batu Anam, not in active service since 2017.

Road[edit]

There are three main intercity bus lines that serve the Segamat:-

  • Yow Hoe (Gemas-Ayer Hitam)
  • North-West Johor (Segamat-Muar)
  • Kenderaan Bas MARA-DARA (Segamat-Muadzam Shah) using highway Jkr-ft12.png

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 2°30′N 102°49′E / 2.500°N 102.817°E / 2.500; 102.817