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Seimas logo.jpg
Loreta GraužinienėDP
Since 3 October 2013
Seats 141
Political groups

Government (79)

Opposition (51)

  •      Non-affiliated (11)
Parallel voting with a 5% election threshold for proportional seats (7% for coalitions)
Last election
14 and 28 October 2012
Meeting place
Baltijas Asamblejas 31.sesija Viļņā (8169464170).jpg
Seimas Palace, Vilnius
Seimas Palace
Plenary Chamber during a meeting of the Baltic Assembly.
Coat of arms of Lithuania
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of

The Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania (Lithuanian: Lietuvos Respublikos Seimas), or simply the Seimas (pronounced: [sæ̠iˑmɐs]), is the unicameral Lithuanian parliament. It has 141 members that are elected for a four-year term. About half of the members of this legislative body are elected in individual constituencies (71), and the other half (70) are elected by nationwide vote according to proportional representation. A party must receive at least 5%, and a multi-party union at least 7%, of the national vote to be represented in the Seimas.


The Seimas uses parallel voting, with elections for the 70 proportional seats and the 71 constituency seats held on separate days. The proportional seats are allocated by the Hare quota, with a 5% election threshold (or 7% for electoral alliances) to gain list seats.

Latest election[edit]

Party Proportional Constituency
Votes % Seats
Social Democrats 251,610 18.37 15 23 38 Increase13
Homeland Union 206,590 15.08 13 20 33 Decrease12
Labour Party 271,520 19.82 17 12 29 Increase19
Order and Justice 100,120 7.31 6 5 11 Decrease 4
Liberal Movement 117,476 8.57 7 3 10 Decrease 1
Electoral Action of Poles in Lithuania 79,840 5.83 5 3 8 Increase 5
The Way of Courage 109,448 7.99 7 7 New
Peasant and Greens Union 53,141 3.88 1 1 Decrease 2
Liberal and Centre Union 28,263 2.06 Decrease 8
YES 24,129 1.76 New
Socialist People's Front 16,515 1.21 Steady
Christian Party 16,494 1.20 New
For Lithuania in Lithuania 12,854 0.94 New
Young Lithuania 8,632 0.63 Steady
Democratic Labour and Unity Party 4,383 0.32 New
Emigrants Party 4,015 0.29 New
Republican Party 3,661 0.27 New
Lithuanian People's Party 3,399 0.25 New
Independents 3 3 Decrease 1
Invalid/blank votes 57,924
Total 1,370,014 100 70 70 (1 to go) 140
Registered voters/turnout 2,588,418 52.93
Source: VRK

Seimas Palace[edit]

The Seimas Palace (Lithuanian: Seimo Rūmai) was designed by architects Algimantas Nasvytis, his brother Vytautas Nasvytis, and Robertas Stasėnas. The Palace entered Lithuanian and world history in 1990-91. On March 11th, the Act "For the Restoration of an Independent State of Lithuania" was proclaimed there. On January 13th 1991, the Soviet Army was planning to attack the Lithuanian Parliament, but was discouraged by the adamant resistance of the people and members of parliament who defended the Palace. It is commemorated by fragments of the barricades and memorial signs at the Palace. The National Martynas Mažvydas Library is located next to the Seimas Palace.[1] The building dates from the Soviet era; the interwar parliament of Lithuania sat in Kaunas.

Plenary sittings[edit]

When the Seimas is in session, there are four plenary sittings of the Seimas per week: two on Tuesday and two on Thursday, which are represented by the speaker of the Seimas or his deputy. As a rule, all sittings of the Seimas are open.

Members (since 1990)[edit]


The presidium consists of a speaker and deputy speakers. The speaker and the deputy speakers are elected by the deputies of the parliament during the session.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Tomas Venclova. Vilnius. R. Paknys Publishing House, Vilnius, 2002, p. 191.

External links[edit]