Seismogenic layer

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In geophysics and seismology, the seismogenic layer covers the range of depths within the crust or lithosphere in which most earthquakes originate.[1] Typically in continental crust this is in the uppermost 15 km.[2] The base of this layer represents the downwards change in deformation mechanism from elastic and frictional processes (associated with brittle faulting) to a generally aseismic zone where ductile creep becomes the dominant process. The location of this change in deformation style is sometimes referred to as the Brittle-ductile transition zone.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Scholz, Christopher (2002). The Mechanics of Earthquakes and Faulting. Cambridge University Press. p. 152. Retrieved June 12, 2012. 
  2. ^ Wang, Rén; Keiiti, Aki (1996). Mechanics Problems In Geodynamics: Part 2. Birkhäuser. p. 730. Retrieved June 12, 2012. 
  3. ^ Cole, J.; Hacker, B.; Ratschbacher, L.; Dolan, J.; Seward, G.; Frost, E.; Frank, W. (2007). "Localized ductile shear below the seismogenic zone: Structural analysis of an exhumed strike-slip fault, Austrian Alps". Journal of Geophysical Research. 112. doi:10.1029/2007JB004975.