Sekolah Berasrama Penuh

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Sekolah Berasrama Penuh (SBP) or Fully Residential School is a school system established to nurture outstanding students to excel in academics and extracurricular activities. There are 69 SBPs in Malaysia.


SBP began in 1890, with Richard Olaf Winstedt as deputy (he later became Director of Education in Malaya). "The Selangor Raja School" was established as a starting step to produce the Malay elite from among the palaces and princes, states, through the English medium education. In 1894, the school was closed for renovation and was reborn in a new form in 1905 at Kuala Kangsar, which to this day known as the Malay College Kuala Kangsar (MCKK).[1]

Sultan of Perak, Sultan Idris in the Conference of Rulers (Durbar) in 1903 which criticised the policy of British administration, especially in the education of the Malays, saying it was merely "to producing better Malay farmers or fishermen only".[2] Sultan of Perak himself has offered on-site locations for MCKK[citation needed], with the purpose "for the education of the Malays of good family and for the training of Malay boys for admission to certain branches of the government service". In 1947, "Malay Girl College" was established in Kuala Lumpur, later moved to Seremban, Negeri Sembilan, known as Tunku Kurshiah College until now, named after the first Raja Permaisuri Agong.[3]

In September 1955, an Education Committee was established which led to the conception of the Razak Report in 1956. Razak Report approved and produced the Education Ordinance 1957. The Razak Report recommended the formation of six units of Sekolah Berasrama Penuh (SBP), namely:

In 1955, Kolej Islam Malaya was embodied in the former palace on the site, which was donated by the late Sultan Hishamuddin ibni Sultan Sulaiman in Klang, Selangor. In 1966, the college was moved to Jalan Universiti in Petaling Jaya, Selangor. In 1967, after the customisation work was completed, the college relocated to Klang and was named Kolej Islam Klang. In 1972, the college administration was taken over entirely by the Ministry of Education Malaysia and the name was changed to Kolej Islam Sultan Alam Shah.

The projects that needed to be implemented in the Second Malaysia Plan were stated as:
"important projects in the plan is the establishment of ten pilot residential science secondary schools added to provide educational opportunities for pupils from rural areas to pursue their education in science subjects."

10 SBP have been built in the Second Malaysia Plan namely: –

To date, there are 69 SBPs, section into 11 premier SBP's, 43 Science School (Sekolah Menengah Sains), 12 Integrated School (Sekolah Berasrama Penuh Integrasi, including SMSSI ) and 3 Federation Religious Secondary School (Sekolah Menengah Agama Persekutuan). Among them, 6 are all-boys, 6 are all-girls, 7 for upper form students and 2 schools are under the royal shade (MCKK and SAS). In 2013, the students of Sekolah Menengah Sains Pasir Puteh (SCIPP), an all-girls boarding school organised a rally, protesting the school administrator in regards to their education rights.[4][5][6]

SBP academic staff with PhD qualifications will be increased in line with the latest MOU signed between MOE and Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.[7]

A new addition to the list of SBP which was recently opened is SMS Gua Musang, Kelantan (GUAMSS). The school admitted its first intake of Form 1 students on 1 April 2015 with 63 students.


The history of SBP is a rich one, and certain fields are considered the hallmark of SBP schools. These include

List of fully boarding schools in Malaysia[edit]

The following list is arranged according to states in Malaysia.[8]




  • Sekolah Menengah Sains Machang (SMACH)
  • Sekolah Menengah Sains Pasir Puteh (SCIPP)
  • SMS Tengku Muhammad Faris Petra (SMSTMFP)
  • Sekolah Menengah Sains Jeli (JESS)
  • Sekolah Menengah Sains Gua Musang (GAMUS)
  • Sekolah Berasrama Penuh Integrasi (SBPI) Tanah Merah


Negeri Sembilan[edit]









Federal Territories[edit]

See also[edit]


External links[edit]