Sekolah Berasrama Penuh

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SBP logo

Sekolah Berasrama Penuh (SBP) or Fully Residential School is a school system established to nurture outstanding students to excel in academics and extracurricular activities. There are 69 SBPs in Malaysia.


SBP began in 1890, with Richard Olaf Winstedt as deputy (he later became Director of Education in Malaya). "The Selangor Raja School" was established as a starting step to produce the Malay elite from among the palaces and princes, states, through the English medium education. In 1894, the school was closed for renovation and was reborn in a new form in 1905 at Kuala Kangsar, which to this day known as the Malay College Kuala Kangsar (MCKK).[1]

Sultan of Perak, Sultan Idris in the Conference of Rulers (Durbar) in 1903 which criticised the policy of British administration, especially in the education of the Malays, saying it was merely "to produce better Malay farmers or fishermen only".[2] Sultan of Perak himself has offered on-site locations for MCKK[citation needed], with the purpose "for the education of the Malays of good family and for the training of Malay boys for admission to certain branches of the government service". In 1947, "Malay Girl College" was established in Kuala Lumpur, later moved to Seremban, Negeri Sembilan, known as Tunku Kurshiah College until now, named after the first Raja Permaisuri Agong.[3]

In September 1955, an Education Committee was established which led to the conception of the Razak Report in 1956. Razak Report approved and produced the Education Ordinance 1957. The Razak Report recommended the formation of six units of Sekolah Berasrama Penuh (SBP), namely:

In 1955, Kolej Islam Malaya was embodied in the former palace on the site, which was donated by the late Sultan Hishamuddin ibni Sultan Sulaiman in Klang, Selangor. In 1966, the college was moved to Jalan Universiti in Petaling Jaya, Selangor. In 1967, after the customisation work was completed, the college relocated to Klang and was named Kolej Islam Klang. In 1972, the college administration was taken over entirely by the Ministry of Education Malaysia and the name was changed to Kolej Islam Sultan Alam Shah.

The projects that needed to be implemented in the Second Malaysia Plan were stated as:
"important projects in the plan is the establishment of ten pilot residential science secondary schools added to provide educational opportunities for pupils from rural areas to pursue their education in science subjects."

10 SBP have been built in the Second Malaysia Plan namely: –

To date, there are 69 SBPs, section into 11 premier SBP's, 43 Science School (Sekolah Menengah Sains), 12 Integrated School (Sekolah Berasrama Penuh Integrasi, including SMSSI ) and 3 Federation Religious Secondary School (Sekolah Menengah Agama Persekutuan). Among them, 6 are all-boys, 6 are all-girls, 1 for upper form students and 2 schools are under the royal shade (MCKK and SAS). SBP academic staff with PhD qualifications will be increased in line with the latest MOU signed between MOE and Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.[4]

A new addition to the list of SBP which was recently opened is SMS Gua Musang, Kelantan (GUAMSS). The school admitted its first intake of Form 1 students on 1 April 2015 with 63 students.


The history of SBP is a rich one, and certain fields are considered the hallmark of SBP schools. These include:

  • Fully Residential School Excellence Day (Hari Kecemerlangan SBP, HKSBP)
  • Prime Minister's Trophy Debate Championship (Pertandingan Bahas ala Parlimen Piala Perdana Menteri, PPM)
  • SBP Wind Orchestra Competition
  • SBP 10's Rugby Annual Championship
  • Islamic Leadership Conference (Nadwah Kepimpinan Islam, NKI)
  • Malaysia International Young Inventors Olympiad (MIYIO)
  • Fully Residential Schools' International Symposium (FRSIS)
  • Gamelan Melayu dan Caklempong Competition

List of fully residential schools in Malaysia[edit]

As in 2016, fully residential schools in Malaysia are as follows:[5]

No. Name of School SBT/SKK Shortform(s) Zone Location Est. Motto Official Website
1 Kolej Islam Sultan Alam Shah
Sultan Alam Shah Islamic College
SBT-SKK KISAS Central Klang, Selangor 1955 Fastaqim Kama Umirta
(So remain on a right course as you have been commanded)
2 The Malay College Kuala Kangsar SBT-SKK MCKK North Kuala Kangsar, Perak 1905 Fiat Sapientia Virtus
(Manliness through Wisdom)
3 Kolej Tunku Kurshiah
Tunku Kurshiah College
SBT-SKK TKC South Nilai, Negeri Sembilan 1947 Rajin dan Usaha Tangga Kemajuan
(Practice and Hard Work Make Perfect)
4 Sekolah Berasrama Penuh Integrasi Batu Rakit
Batu Rakit Integrated Fully Residential School
SBT-SKK BRaInS East Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu 2003 Berilmu, Berakhlak, Berkualiti
(Knowledgeable, Virtuous, Quality)
5 Sekolah Berasrama Penuh Integrasi Gombak
Gombak Integrated Fully Residential School
SBT INTEGOMB Central Gombak, Selangor 2003 Benar, Tepat, Efektif
(True, Correct, Effective)
6 Sekolah Berasrama Penuh Integrasi Gopeng
Gopeng Integrated Fully Residential School
SBT-SKK I-GOP North Gopeng, Perak 2003 Ilmu, Amal, Iman
(Knowledge, Practice, Belief)
7 Sekolah Berasrama Penuh Integrasi Jempol
Jempol Integrated Fully Residential School
SBT-SKK INTEJ South Batu Kikir, Negeri Sembilan 2002 Ilmu Memantapkan Iman
(Knowledge Strengthen Faith)
8 Sekolah Berasrama Penuh Integrasi Kuantan
Kuantan Integrated Fully Residential School
SBT-SKK INTEK East Kuantan, Pahang 2003 Membentuk Generasi Pemimpin
(Shaping Leader's Generation)
9 Sekolah Berasrama Penuh Integrasi Kubang Pasu
Kubang Pasu Integrated Fully Residential School
SBT I-KUPS North Bukit Kayu Hitam, Kedah 2004 Cemerlang, Gemilang, Terbilang
(Excellent, Glorious and Renowned)
10 Sekolah Berasrama Penuh Integrasi Rawang
Rawang Integrated Fully Residential School
SBT-SKK SEPINTAR Central Rawang, Selangor 2002 Sumber Penjana Muslim Bestari
(Resources Generating Smart Muslims)
11 Sekolah Berasrama Penuh Integrasi Sabak Bernam
Sabak Bernam Integrated Fully Residential School
SKK INTESABER North Sabak Bernam, Selangor 2002 Ilmu, Iman, Istiqamah
(Knowledgeable, Faithful, Consistent)
12 Sekolah Berasrama Penuh Integrasi Selandar
Selandar Integrated Fully Residential School
SBT SISMe South Selandar, Melaka 2003 Cemerlang, Berwawasan
(Excellent with Aspiration)
13 Sekolah Berasrama Penuh Integrasi Temerloh
Temerloh Integrated Fully Residential School
SKK InSofT East Temerloh, Pahang 2002 Ilmu, Iman, Amal
(Knowledge, Faith, Practice)
14 Sekolah Berasrama Penuh Integrasi Tun Abdul Razak
Tun Abdul Razak Integrated Fully Residential School
SBT InSTAR East Pekan, Pahang 2003 Beyond Success [14]
15 Sekolah Dato' Abdul Razak
Tun Abdul Razak School
SBT-SKK SDAR South Seremban, Negeri Sembilan 1956 Berilmu untuk Berjasa
(Being Knowledgeable to Serve)
16 Sekolah Menengah Agama Persekutuan Bentong
Bentong Federal Islamic Secondary School
SUPERB East Karak, Pahang 2013 Melangkaui Kecemerlangan
(Above the Excellence)
17 Sekolah Menengah Agama Persekutuan Kajang
Kajang Federal Islamic Secondary School
SBT-SKK SMAPK Central Kajang, Selangor 1989 Ilmu, Iman, Amal [17]
18 Sekolah Menengah Agama Persekutuan Labu
Labu Federal Islamic Secondary School
SBT-SKK SMAPL South Labu, Negeri Sembilan 1982 Ilmu, Iman, Amal [18]
19 Sekolah Menengah Sains Alam Shah
Alam Shah Science Secondary School
SBT ASiS Central Bandar Tun Razak, Kuala Lumpur 2003 Kreatif, Inovatif, Produktif
(Creative, Innovative, Productive)
20 Sekolah Menengah Sains Bagan Datoh
Bagan Datoh Science Secondary School
SKK SABDA North Bagan Datoh, Perak 2009 Unggul Terbilang
(Renowned and Excellent)
21 Sekolah Menengah Sains Banting
Banting Science Secondary School
BASiS Central Banting, Selangor 2012 Berilmu, Beramal, Berbakti
(Knowledge, Practice, Service)
22 Sekolah Menengah Sains Batu Pahat
Batu Pahat Science Secondary School
SEHEBAT South Batu Pahat, Johor 2012 Integriti, Kredibiliti, Inovatif
(Integrity, Credibility, Innovation)
23 Sekolah Menengah Sains Dungun
Dungun Science Secondary School
SKK SMSD East Dungun, Terengganu 1982 Berilmu, Berdisiplin, Berbakti
(Knowledge, Discipline, Service)
24 Sekolah Menengah Sains Hulu Selangor
Upper Selangor Science Secondary School
SBT-SKK SEMASHUR Central Batang Kali, Selangor 2000 Usaha, Amal, Bakti
(Effort, Practice, Service)
25 Sekolah Menengah Sains Hulu Terengganu
Upper Terengganu Science Secondary School
SAHUT East Kuala Berang, Terengganu 2011 Menjana Kecemerlangan Jati Diri
(Generating Self-Excellence)
26 Sekolah Menengah Sains Jeli
Jeli Science Secondary School
JeSS East Jeli, Kelantan 2013 Ilmu, Amal, Taqwa
(Knowledge, Practice, Piety)
27 Sekolah Menengah Sains Johor
Johor Science Secondary School
SBT-SKK SCORE South Kluang, Johor 1973 Budi, Karya, Bakti
(Virtue, Effort, Service)
28 Sekolah Menengah Sains Kepala Batas
Kepala Batas Science Secondary School
SBT SAKBA North Kepala Batas, Penang 2009 Kualiti Pemangkin Kecemerlangan
(Quality Generates Excellence)
29 Sekolah Menengah Sains Kota Tinggi
Kota Tinggi Science Secondary School
SBT-SKK SAKTI South Kota Tinggi, Johor 1996 Ilmu, Bakti, Kualiti
(Knowledge, Service, Quality)
30 Sekolah Menengah Sains Kuala Selangor
Kuala Selangor Science Secondary School
SBT KUSESS Central Kuala Selangor, Selangor 1996 Berilmu, Beramal, Berbakti [30]
31 Sekolah Menengah Sains Kuala Terengganu
Kuala Terengganu Science Secondary School
SKK SESTER East Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu 2000 Menjana Kecemerlangan Jati Diri
32 Sekolah Menengah Sains Kubang Pasu
Kubang Pasu Science Secondary School
SBT KUPSIS EXCELLENT North Jitra, Kedah 2009 Sukses, Kreatif, Produktif
(Success, Creativity, Innovation)
33 Sekolah Menengah Sains Kuching
Kuching Science Secondary School
SBT-SKK SAINSKU SQL Kuching, Sarawak 1994 Berilmu, Berwawasan
(Knowledgeable and Visionary)
34 Sekolah Menengah Sains Kuching Utara
North Kuching Science Secondary School
SAKURA SQL Kuching, Sarawak 2013 Ilmu, Integriti, Iltizam
(Knowledge, Integrity, Commitment)
35 Sekolah Menengah Sains Labuan
Labuan Science Secondary School
SBT-SKK SMEXCEL SQL Sungai Pagar, Labuan 1985 Usaha, Jaya, Bakti
(Effort, Success and Service)
36 Sekolah Menengah Sains Lahad Datu
Lahad Datu Science Secondary School
SBT SEMSALD SQL Lahad Datu, Sabah 1988 Berilmu, Bersatu, Terus Maju
(Knowledge and Unity: Strive Ahead)
37 Sekolah Menengah Sains Machang
Machang Science Secondary School
SBT-SKK SMACH East Machang, Kelantan 1983 Berilmu, Berusaha, Berbakti
(Knowledge, Effort, Practice)
38 Sekolah Menengah Sains Miri
Miri Science Secondary School
SBT SAINSRI SQL Miri, Sarawak 1990 Berusaha, Berilmu, Beramal
(Work Hard, Be Knowledgeable and Practice)
39 Sekolah Menengah Sains Muar
Science Muar Royal Academy
SBT SAMURA South Muar, Johor 1983 Berilmu, Berbakti
(Knowledge and Service)
40 Sekolah Menengah Sains Muzaffar Syah
Muzaffar Syah Science Secondary School
SBT-SKK MOZAC South Ayer Keroh, Malacca 1973 Bersikap Membina
(Be Constructive)
41 Sekolah Menengah Sains Pasir Puteh
Pasir Puteh Science Secondary School
SKK SCIPP East Pasir Puteh, Kelantan 1998 Ilmu, Amal, Gemilang
(Knowledge, Practice, Excellence)
42 Sekolah Menengah Sains Perempuan Seremban
Seremban Girls' School
SGS South Seremban, Negeri Sembilan 2014 Modal Insan Aspirasi Negara
(Human Capital Aspired by the Nation)
43 Sekolah Menengah Sains Pokok Sena
Pokok Sena Science Secondary School
SBT-SKK SAINA North Pokok Sena, Kedah 1995 Berilmu, Beramal, Bertaqwa
(Knowledge, Practice, Piety)
44 Sekolah Menengah Sains Raja Tun Azlan Shah
Raja Tun Azlan Shah Science Secondary School
SBT-SKK SERATAS North Taiping, Perak 1982 Berdisiplin, Berilmu, Berbakti
(Discipline, Knowledge, Service)
45 Sekolah Menengah Sains Rembau
Rembau Science Secondary School
SBT SEMESRA South Rembau, Negeri Sembilan 2009 Tekun, Bersatu, Berjaya, Terbilang
(Work Hard, Unite, Be Renowned and Successful)
46 Sekolah Menengah Sains Sabah
Sabah Science Secondary School
SBT-SKK SMESH SQL Tuaran, Sabah 1984 Teguh, Setia, Budi
(Strength, Loyalty, Virtue)
47 Sekolah Menengah Sains Selangor
Selangor Science Secondary School
SBT-SKK SMSS East Bandar Tun Razak, Kuala Lumpur 1973 Budi, Usaha, Bakti
(Virtue, Diligence, Service)
48 Sekolah Menengah Sains Sembrong
Sembrong Science Secondary School
SASEM South Kluang, Johor 2011 Ihsan, Ilmu, Khalifah
(Kindness, Knowledge, Vicegerency)
49 Sekolah Menengah Sains Seri Puteri
Seri Puteri Science Secondary School
SBT SESERI Central Sentul, Kuala Lumpur 2003 Proaktif, Inovatif, Efektif
(Proactive, Innovatione and Effective)
50 Sekolah Menengah Sains Setiu
Setiu Science Secondary School
SAIS East Setiu, Terengganu 2011 Ilmu, Sahsiah, Gemilang
(Knowledge, Personality, Excellence)
51 Sekolah Menengah Sains Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah
Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah Science Secondary School
SBT-SKK SEMSAS East Kuantan, Pahang 1973 Hidup Berjasa
(Live to Serve)
52 Sekolah Menengah Sains Sultan Iskandar
Sultan Iskandar Science Secondary School
SKK ISKANDAR South Mersing, Johor 2003 Sepakat, Bestari, Progresif, Inovatif
(Unite, Be Smart, Progressive and Innovative)
53 Sekolah Menengah Sains Sultan Mahmud
Sultan Mahmud Science Secondary School
SBT-SKK SESMA East Kuala Nerus, Terengganu 1973 Disiplin, Kualiti, Dedikasi
(Discipline, Quality, Dedication)
54 Sekolah Menengah Sains Sultan Mohamad Jiwa
Sultan Mohamad Jiwa Science Secondary School
SBT-SKK Science Kedah North Sungai Petani, Kedah 1973 Berilmu dan Berbudi
(Be Knowledgeable and Virtuous)
55 Sekolah Menengah Sains Tapah
Tapah Science Secondary School
SKK SESTA North Tapah, Perak 2010 Berilmu, Bertakwa
(Be Knowledgeable and Faithful)
56 Sekolah Menengah Sains Teluk Intan
Teluk Intan Science Secondary School
SKK SEMESTI North Teluk Intan, Perak 1984 Ilmu Teras Hidup
(Knowledge Source of Life)
57 Sekolah Menengah Sains Tengku Abdullah
Tengku Abdullah Science Secondary School
SBT SEMESTA East Raub, Pahang 1983 Ilmu, Amal, Budi
(Knowledge, Practice, Virtue)
58 Sekolah Menengah Sains Tengku Muhammad Faris Petra
Tengku Muhammad Faris Petra Science Secondary School
SBT-SKK Faris East Kota Bharu, Kelantan 1973 Sains Asas Kemajuan
(Science Source of Development)
59 Sekolah Menengah Sains Tuanku Jaafar
Tuanku Jaafar Science Secondary School
SBT-SKK STJ South Kuala Pilah, Negeri Sembilan 1973 Maju Sempurna
(Developed and Perfect)
60 Sekolah Menengah Sains Tuanku Munawir
Tuanku Munawir Science Secondary School
SBT SASER South Seremban, Negeri Sembilan 2002 Berilmu, Beriman, Berbakti
(Knowledge, Faith, Service)
61 Sekolah Menengah Sains Tuanku Syed Putra
Syed Putra Science Secondary School
SBT-SKK Syed Putra North Kangar, Perlis 1973 Tekun, Usaha, Jaya
(Diligence, Effort, Success)
62 Sekolah Menengah Sains Tun Syed Sheh Shahabudin
Tun Syed Sheh Shahabudin Science Secondary School
SBT SOKSEK North Bukit Mertajam, Penang 1973 Ilmu Asas Kemajuan
(Knowledge is the Foundation of Development)
63 Sekolah Menengah Sultan Abdul Halim
Sultan Abdul Halim Secondary School
SBT Jenan North Jitra, Kedah 1963 Belajar dan Berbakti
(Learn and Serve)
64 Sekolah Sains Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah Pekan
Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah Science School, Pekan
SKK SHAH Pekan East Pekan, Pahang 1989 Ilmu, Amal, Budi [61]
65 Sekolah Seri Puteri
Seri Puteri School
SBT-SKK SSP Central Cyberjaya, Selangor 1968 Ilmu, Usaha, Jaya
(Knowledge, Hard Work, Excellence)
66 Sekolah Sultan Alam Shah
Sultan Alam Shah School
SBT-SKK SAS Central Precinct 1, Putrajaya 1963 Chita, Usaha, Jaya
(Vision, Hard Work and Excellence)
67 Sekolah Tuanku Abdul Rahman
Tuanku Abdul Rahman School
SBT-SKK STAR North Ipoh, Perak 1957 Ilmu Panduan Hidup
(Knowledge is Guide of Life)
68 Sekolah Tun Fatimah
Tun Fatimah School
SBT-SKK STF South Johor Bahru, Johor 1956 Berusaha Tangga Kejaya
(Strive to Excel)
69 Sekolah Menengah Sains Gua Musang
Gua Musang Science Secondary School
GUAMSS East Gua Musang, Kelantan 2015

See also[edit]


  1. ^ History of SBP Archived 25 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ Seabad merakam sejarah. (16 February 2013).
  3. ^ History.
  4. ^ Kementerian Pendidikan berhasrat tingkatkan bilangan guru berkelulusan PhD.
  5. ^ List of SBP Archived 5 April 2011 at the Wayback Machine.

External links[edit]