Selaginella kraussiana

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Selaginella kraussiana
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Lycopodiophyta
Class: Selaginellopsida
Order: Selaginellales
Family: Selaginellaceae
Genus: Selaginella
Species: S. kraussiana
Binomial name
Selaginella kraussiana
(Kunze) A. Braun [1]

Selaginella kraussiana, sometimes known by the common names Krauss' spikemoss,[2] Krauss′s clubmoss,[3] and African clubmoss, is a clubmoss found naturally in the Azores and parts of mainland Africa .[4]



Its native distribution is the Azores, the Canary Islands and parts of south and east Africa .[4] Since its introduction to Britain in 1878 it has spread slowly, and was first recorded in the wild in 1917 in west Cornwall and Co. Leitrim, often as a greenhouse weed.[5]

Invasive plant[edit]

Selaginella kraussiana is listed on the New Zealand National Pest Plant Accord since it is an invasive species. It is common in many parts of New Zealand where it forms dense mats in shaded areas.[6]


Selaginella kraussiana is cultivated for ornamental purposes[7] and has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[8] It requires a minimum temperature of 5 °C (41 °F), and in temperate regions is grown under glass as a houseplant. Cultivars include:


  1. ^ "Selaginella kraussiana". Flora of Northern Ireland. Ulster Museum. Retrieved 2009-03-08. 
  2. ^ "Selaginella kraussiana". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 9 November 2015. 
  3. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-02-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17. 
  4. ^ a b "GBIF Selaginella kraussiana (Kunze) A. Braun". Copenhagen, Denmark: Global Biodiversity Information System. 
  5. ^ "Online Atlas of the British and Irish Flora, Selaginella kraussiana (Kraus`s Clubmoss)". Biological Records Centre and Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. 
  6. ^ Flora of New Zealand
  7. ^ "Selaginella kraussiana (Kunze) A. Braun". Germplasm Resources Information Network. 
  8. ^ "Selaginella kraussiana". Royal Horticultural Society. Retrieved 23 July 2013.