Selah Merrill was born in Canton Centre, Connecticut on May 2, 1837 and died on January 22, 1909 at Fruitvale, California. He was the son of Lydia Richards and Daniel Merrill and was a member of the fifth generation of the Merrill family in America. The Merrills were descended from an old and esteemed Massachusetts family and his original immigrant ancestor was Nathaniel Merrill from Wherstead, County Suffolk, England and was one of the earliest settlers in Newbury, Massachusetts.
After graduating from Williston Seminary in Easthampton, Massachusetts, he studied at Yale College, but did not graduate. He studied theology at the New Haven Theological Seminary, graduating in 1863, and was ordained in the Congregational Church, at Feeding Mills, Massachusetts in 1864. He then spent two years (1868–1870) in Germany at the Berlin where he studied the ancient Hebrew language. He received the degree of A. M. from Yale College; D. D. from Grinnell College in 1875; and a LL. D. from Union College in 1884.
In 1866, he married Fanny Lucinda Cooke, who died the following year. In 1868, he married Mrs. Phila (Wilkin) Fargo, who died only two years later. On April 26, 1875, at Andover, Massachusetts, he married Adelaide Brewster Taylor. She was born on January 14, 1845 at Rochester, Monroe County, New York; and died on January 24, 1929 in Piedmont, Alameda County, California. She was the daughter of Dr. Oliver Brewster Taylor, an 1848 graduate of Harvard University, and Sophia Hale Hubbard. She was the great granddaughter of Dr. Oliver Wadsworth Brewster, who served in Col. John Brown's regiment in the American Revolutionary War and was the first physician in Becket, Massachusetts. His home, built in 1786, is still standing and is currently occupied by the Becket-Chimney Corners YMCA.
During the last year of the American Civil War Merrill served as chaplain of the Forty-ninth United States colored infantry. In 1868, he went to Germany, where he studied for two years. In 1874–1877, he traveled to Palestine where he worked as an archæologist for the American Palestine Exploration Society, excavating the second wall of Jerusalem and trying to determine the site of Calvary. Merrill served as United States Consul in Jerusalem in 1882–1885, 1891–1893, and 1898–1907. He was a staunch opponent of the commune at the American Colony, Jerusalem and sought every opportunity to dismantle it. He also opposed Jewish agricultural settlement in Palestine and shaped the views of the U.S. State Department on this matter. Merrill was a virulent anti-Semite and his views influenced the State Department's opposition to Jewish resettlement in Palestine at that time.
- East of the Jordan (1881; second edition, 1883)
- Galilee in the Time of Christ (1881)
- Greek Inscriptions Collected in the Years 1875–1877 in the Country East of the Jordan (1885)
- The Site of Calvary (1885)
- Ancient Jerusalem (1906)
- Oasis outside the walls, Jerusalem Post
- Selah Merrill at Find A Grave
- She was the granddaughter of Captain Samuel Richards who served in the American Revolutionary war in the 1st New Hampshire Regiment under Col John Stark. He saw action in the Battle of Bunker Hill and at Ticonderoga.
- Organized at Milliken's Bend, La., from May 23 to August 22, 1863, as the 11th Regiment, La. Volunteers; designated this regiment, March 11, 1864; mustered out, March 22, 1866.
- Goldman, p. 216
- Jones, p. 1040
- Jones, p. 1041
- Adelaide Brewster Taylor Merrill at Find A Grave
- Jones, p. 609
- Jones, pp. 269-271
- Goldman, p. 223
- "Selah Merrill Collection of Josephus". Yale University Library’s Judaica Collection. 2010. Retrieved 2010-05-20.
- Jerusalem: The Biography, page 365, Simon Sebag Montefiore, Weidenfeld & Nicholson, 2011. ISBN 978-0-297-85265-0
- Goldman, Shalom (1997). "The Holy Land Appropriated: The Careers of Selah Merrill, Nineteenth Century Christian Hebraist, Palestine Explorer, and U.S. Consul in Jerusalem". American Jewish History. 85 (2): 151–172. doi:10.1353/ajh.1997.0016. ISSN 1086-3141. Retrieved 2014-05-19.