|Chairman of the Peoples' Democratic Party|
22 June 2014
Serving with Figen Yüksekdağ
|Preceded by||Ertuğrul Kürkçü
& Sebahat Tuncel
|Leader of the Peace and Democracy Party|
1 February 2010 – 22 April 2014
|Preceded by||Mustafa Ayzit
|Succeeded by||Party abolished
See Democratic Regions Party
|Member of the Grand National Assembly|
22 July 2007
10 April 1973 |
Palu, Elazığ, Turkey
|Political party||Democratic Society Party
Peace and Democracy Party
Peoples' Democratic Party
|Alma mater||Ankara University|
Selahattin Demirtaş ( Turkish pronunciation (help·info); born 10 April 1973) is an imprisoned Zaza Kurdish politician who is co-leader of the left-wing pro-Kurdish Peoples' Democratic Party (HDP), serving alongside Figen Yüksekdağ. Demirtaş was the presidential candidate of the HDP in the 2014 election, coming in third place with 9.77% of the vote.
Selahattin Demirtaş was born in a Zaza-speaking family in Elazığ in 1973 where he completed both his primary and secondary education. He cites his experience at the funeral of politician Vedat Aydin as a political awakening:
“I became a different person. My life’s course changed … although I didn’t fully understand the reason behind the events, now I knew: we were Kurds, and since this wasn’t an identity I would toss away, this was also my problem.”
Upon graduation from secondary school, he took the university entrance exam and started his college education in Dokuz Eylül University in the Department of Maritime Commerce and Management, where he would face political problems that would force him to leave school without finishing his degree. He returned to Diyarbakır and retook the university entrance exam, after which he enrolled at Ankara University Law Faculty. After college, Demirtaş worked as a freelance lawyer for a time before becoming a member of the executive committee of the Diyarbakır branch of the Human Rights Association (IHD). The IHD Chair at the time was Osman Baydemir who was elected as the mayor of Diyarbakır at the following local election, when Demirtaş replaced him as the chair of the Diyarbakır IHD. During his term as chair, the association focused heavily on the increasing unsolved political murders in Turkey.
Demirtaş started his political career as a member of the Democratic Society Party (DTP) in 2007 at which time he stood as one of the ‘Thousand Hope Candidates’ for the DTP and several other democratic organizations in Turkey. He was elected to the 23rd Parliament and became the Parliamentary Chief Officer for the party at the age of 34.
The DTP was closed down by a Supreme Court order in 2009 and the DTP MPs moved to the Peace and Democracy Party (BDP). The BDP held its first congress in 2010 and elected Selahattin Demirtaş and Gültan Kışanak as its new co-chairs. Demirtaş contested the 2011 elections as part of the joint ‘Labor, Democracy and Freedom’ list endorsed by the BDP and 18 different democratic political organizations, this time from Hakkari. He was re-elected to the 24th parliament.
Demirtaş was the co-chair of BDP during the period when the peace process and negotiations kick-started in Turkey. In 2014 Demirtaş and Figen Yüksekdağ were elected as the co-chairs of the Peoples' Democratic Party (HDP) – a new initiative originating from a three-year-old coalition of the BDP and various different political parties and organization under the auspices of the Peoples' Democratic Congress (HDK) - for the 2014 presidential elections of Turkey, being one of three candidates and hoping to attract left-wing voters. He came third with 9.77% of the vote.
Demirtaş was co-leader along with Figen Yüksekdağ during the June 2015 Turkish general election, the party's first campaign in a general election. The HDP came in fourth place with 13.12% of the vote and 80 out of 550 seats. Celebrating the victory, he stated: “From now on, the HDP is Turkey’s party. HDP is Turkey, Turkey is HDP.”
On January 18 2017, Turkish prosecutors announced they were seeking a 142-year prison sentence for Demirtaş.
Demirtaş is married to Başak Demirtaş and is the father of two girls, Delal and Dılda. Demirtaş has faced threats due to his political activity and on November 22, 2015 he survived an assassination attempt.
- Orhan Türkdoğan, Doğu ve Güneydoğu: Sorunlar ve Çözüm Yolları, IQ KültürSanat Yayıncılık, 2009, ISBN 9789752552623, p. 16.
- Bellaigue, Christopher de. "The battle for Turkey: can Selahattin Demirtas pull the country back from the brink of civil war?". The Guardian. Retrieved 2015-10-30.
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- "HDP’s Demirtaş: I'm not a manager, member, spokesperson, or". Birgun.net. 2015-09-09. Retrieved 2017-03-02.
- van Wilgenburg, Wladimir (18 January 2017). "Turkish prosecutor demands 142 years imprisonment for Kurdish leader Demirtaş, EU rapporteur outraged". ARA News. Retrieved 2017-03-02.
- "HDP says co-leader escaped an assassination attempt". 23 November 2015. Retrieved 24 November 2015.
- Demirtaş, Selahattin, "It is Kurds, and Turkey's democracy, at stake," Newsweek, 10 March 2016, http://europe.newsweek.com/selahattin-demirtas-it-kurds-and-turkeys-democracy-stake-434024?rm=eu.