Selayar or Selayarese is a Malayo-Polynesian language spoken by about 100,000 people on the island of Selayar in South Sulawesi province, Indonesia.  :
Phonology [ edit ]
Vowels are lengthened when stressed and in an open syllable.
Nasalization [ edit ]
Nasalization extends from nasal consonants to the following vowels, continuing until blocked by an
intonation break or a consonant other than a glottal stop:
[lamẽãĩʔĩ ãːsu] "A dog urinated on him." [sassaʔ lamẽãĩʔĩ | ʔaːsu lataiːʔiʔi] "A lizard urinated on him, and a dog defecated on him."  : 225–226
Consonants [ edit ]
Of the coronals, the voiceless stop is
dental, while the others are alveolar.
Morphology [ edit ]
Selayarese intransitive verbs index pronominal arguments via an
absolutive enclitic.   :
'I am tired'
In transitive verbs the less agent-like argument is indexed by the absolutive enclitic.
'I know him'
References [ edit ]
Selayar at (18th ed., 2015) Ethnologue
Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Selayar". . Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. Glottolog 3.0
^ a b
Mithun, Marianne; Basri, Hasan (1986). "The Phonology of Selayarese". Oceanic Linguistics. 25 (1/2): 210–254. doi: 10.2307/3623212. JSTOR 3623212.
Basri, Hasan (1999). Phonological and syntactic reflections of the morphological structure of Selayarese (Ph.D. dissertation). State University of New York at Stony Brook.
^ a b
Mithun, Marianne (1991), "The role of motivation in the emergence of grammatical categories: The grammaticization of subjects", in Traugott, Elizabeth; Heine, Bernd (eds.), Approaches to Grammaticization, Amsterdam: John Benjamins, pp. 159–185, ISBN 9781556194023