Selby railway station
- This article is about the railway station in England. For the Puffing Billy Railway station near Melbourne, Australia, see Selby railway station, Melbourne.
Selby station from the south, 2011
|Managed by||TransPennine Express|
|Number of platforms||3|
|Live arrivals/departures, station information and onward connections
from National Rail Enquiries
|Annual rail passenger usage*|
|Key dates||Opened 1834|
|National Rail – UK railway stations|
|* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Selby from Office of Rail and Road statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.|
|UK Railways portal|
Selby railway station serves the town of Selby in North Yorkshire, England. The original terminus station was opened in 1834 for the Leeds and Selby Railway. The Hull and Selby Railway extended the line in 1840, and a new station was built, with the old station becoming a goods shed. The station was rebuilt in 1873 and 1891, the 1891 rebuilding being required due to the replacement of the swing bridge over the Ouse at the same time.
The area around the station has been the location for the junctions of a number of lines, including the former East Coast Main Line route between Doncaster and York, as well as the Selby to Driffield Line (1848), and the Selby to Goole Line (1910). After 1983 with the opening of the Selby Diversion Selby is no longer on the East Coast Main Line.
As of 2014 lines lead from Selby to Leeds, Hull and Doncaster. The station is managed by TransPennine Express, and receives regional trains operated by Northern and TransPennine Express, as well as Hull-London services operated by Hull Trains and Virgin Trains East Coast.
The line opened 22 September 1834, with only one track complete. A train from Leeds set off a 6 am and arrived in Selby around 9 am, to a general celebration. When general service started the journey took about 65 minutes. The main stations were not completed until a few months after the line opened; the Selby terminus at a cost of £10,300. Both tracks of the line were completed by 15 December 1834.
The basic design of the station was of a large warehouse shed, 245 feet (75 m) long and 96 feet (29 m) wide on a site of around 3 acres (1.2 ha), with a wooden trussed roof of three spans (of approximately 25', 46', and 25') supported via iron brackets on 19.5 feet (5.9 m) cast iron columns, which were hollow and acted as drainpipes, to collect rain water then stored in underground tanks. Station offices and other buildings were built adjoining the station. The train shed had six lines of track, four for freight and two for passengers. Lines for coal and lime were separate, outside the shed to the east, the offices at the northwest corner. The line of rails continued through the station to a wharf on the River Ouse. Journeys to Hull were completed by Packet boat from Selby.
The rail links to the old station were removed in the 1980s. As of 2009 the station is used as warehousing by Viking Shipping Services Ltd.
In 1840, the Hull and Selby Railway was opened. To cross the River Ouse, a bascule lifting bridge was installed, northwest of the old station.[n 1] At that time ships had priority over railway traffic.
The Hull and Selby, and Leeds and Selby railways connected 'end on' at Selby, west of the old station; the Leeds and Selby Line diverged from its old terminus path at a junction near the crossing of Park street; the line of the railway ran a short distance west, and parallel to the track in the original station. A new through station was built, and the old station became a goods station.
In 1871 the NER opened two new sections of track, from Shaftholme junction (4 miles north of Doncaster) to Selby Old West junction (Selby), and from Barlby junction (across the Ouse from Selby) to Chandler's Whin junction (Dringhouses, York); these formed a new route for the East Coast Main Line.
In 1891 a new swing bridge was built downstream (east) of the original over the Ouse (see 1891 Selby swing bridge). The priority of river traffic over rail traffic was reversed on completion of the new bridge; crossings by rail were more than ten times more numerous than river craft.
As a consequence of the shift in the path of the railway the old station was rebuilt. The down (west) platforms were retained and modified, whilst the up (east) platforms were moved eastwards, re-using and extending Prosser's platform roof. The architect for the remodelling and extension was the NER's William Bell.
History of rail transport at Selby
In addition to the main lines west to Leeds (Leeds & Selby, 1834), east to Hull (Hull & Selby, 1840), and north and south to York and Doncaster (York & Doncaster branch, 1871), the rail system at Selby was the location for a number of junctions to other lines, and other facilities.
A branch from the Hull line (near Barlby to Market Weighton) opened in 1848. (see Selby and Market Weighton Railway) The line ran from Cliffe junction east of the Ouse south of Barlby, around a mile east of Selby.
The Cawood, Wistow and Selby Light Railway (CW&SLR) was opened in 1898 linking the Leeds & Selby Railway to the village of Cawood. Until 1904 the line had a separate station, Brayton Gates, 1 mile west of Selby. The line was predominantly used for agricultural traffic but also carried passengers until 1930, its final closure taking place in 1960.
The Selby to Goole Line opened in 1910, ran via the villages of Barlow, Drax and Rawcliffe to Goole. The line closed in 1964 as a result of the Beeching report. A short section of the line was used to access a ballast tip near Barlow until 1983.
In 1983 the Selby Diversion of the East Coast Main Line was opened, avoiding the area around Selby due to possible subsidence from the drift mining works of the Selby Coalfield. As a result, Selby ceased to be a through route on the ECML. The 1871 line from Selby to York was closed on 24 May 1983 and in 1989 was converted into a cycle track which now forms part of route 65 of the National Cycle Network. The line south to Temple Hirst Junction was retained - it is in regular use for both passenger & freight traffic and also serves as a diversionary route for Doncaster to Hull services if the line via Goole is closed for any reason.
Engine sheds and industrial branches
An engine shed was built 1870–2, in the V of the junction between the lines to Doncaster and Leeds. The shed was a standard NER design roundhouse by Prosser in a square overall shed, with 20 tracks. The shed was extended to a similar extent in 1896–8 with an adjacent square shed to a design by Bell. In around 1900 a short "Loop Line" was built south of the station, altering the path to the Leeds line by forming a junction on the Doncaster line further south, beyond the engine sheds. The original route out of Selby to Leeds became peripheral, part of the sidings associated with the engine sheds.
There was also a Canal works (dye and leather chemicals) east of the Doncaster line,[n 2] on the banks of the Selby Canal, connected by sidings from the mid 20th century. Also on the Selby side of the Ouse were sidings for the gas works, and for a wood yard, and for the 'Ousegate Maltings' as well as accommodation sidings for the Goods shed.
On the far bank of the Ouse there were industrial sidings: A seed mill north of the line had been established by in 1909 with a rail connection; this developed in to a large mill Olympia Mills, later part Jurgens (1919),[n 3] Unilever (1929), and BOCM (1952). (now part of BOCM Pauls, not rail connected).
Also on the far bank a Sugar Beet factory, was rail connected from the south side Hull-Selby line from the mid 20th century. In 1983 the site was acquired by logistics company Potter Group, and redeveloped into a 62 acres (25 ha) distribution centre including a rail freight terminal and warehousing. Client occupiers include Cemex (Asphalt concrete, using stone from Peak Forest, Derbyshire), and Clipper Logistics (e-commerce clothing/textile logistics).
The station is fully staffed, with the ticket office manned throughout the week from start of service until 19:45 (19:00 on Sundays). A ticket machine is also provided on the Hull-bound platform. Waiting rooms are located on each side and there is a buffet available in the concourse. Digital display screens and a public address system provide train running information and there is full step-free access to all platforms.
To York – there is generally an hourly service daily north to York. Some services start/ terminate here, others run to and from Hull.
To Leeds – Monday to Saturdays there are two trains per hour to Leeds. One Northern stopping service that starts here (usually continuing westwards to Bradford Interchange, Halifax and Huddersfield) and one TransPennine Express service to Manchester Piccadilly. Evenings and Sundays there is either an hourly or two-hourly First TransPennine Express service to Leeds and Manchester. One service each weekday (and Saturday) morning continues to Manchester Airport.
To London – there are eight trains per day in total via Doncaster to London King's Cross. All London services are operated by Hull Trains except the Hull Executive, which is run by Virgin Trains East Coast.
Northern also run two trains to/from Doncaster (one in the early morning and one in the evening – the latter pair through from Sheffield). Virgin Trains East Coast also runs an evening service between Hull and Doncaster (calling at Selby).
Northern plan to introduce improved service levels. The current Leeds to Selby stopping service will be extended through to Bridlington via Hull and the York - Hull line service will become hourly throughout the week (including Sundays).
|Preceding station||National Rail||Following station|
London Kings Cross
|Virgin Trains East Coast
East Coast Main Line/York-Doncaster branch – Hull and Selby Line
East Coast Main Line/ York-Doncaster branch – Hull and Selby Line
|Temple Hirst||York and Doncaster branch (ECML, Old route)||Riccall|
|Terminus||Selby to Goole Line||Barlow|
|Terminus||Selby to Driffield Line||Cliff Common|
In 2009 Selby celebrated the 175th anniversary of the opening of the first Selby station.
- For details of the 1834 Ouse railway bridge at Selby see Selby swing bridge (1840)
- Former Liqourice factory, acquired by Yorkshire Dyeware and Chemical Company in 1912. Disconnected from the rail network c. 1970s (OS map 1866, 1982). Closed by Clariant 2008.
- See also Antoon Jurgens, Antonius Johannes Jurgens and Margarine Unie.
- Tomlinson 1915, pp. 256–257.
- Parsons 1835, pp. 77–78.
- Tomlinson 1915, pp. 259–260.
- Tomlinson 1915, p. 259.
- Parsons 1835, pp. 82–83.
- Brees, First series, Plate 62.
- Brees, 4th series, Plate 48, legend pp.cii-cii.
- Tomlinson 1915, p. 254, 258, 260.
- Hoole 1986, pp. 29–30.
- Yorkshire's First Railway Station 2009, pp. 14–15.
- Tomlinson 1915, p. 337-338.
- Triffitt 1897, p. 207.
- Ordnance Survey. Town plans 1:1056 1848
- Tomlinson 1915, p. 3, 644.
- Fawcett 2003, p.35; Chap.3, n.31, p.128.
- Triffitt 1897, pp. 207–8.
- Fawcett 2003, p.35, Colour Plate 4, p.34.
- Tomlinson 1915, p. 491.
- Ordnance Survey| Sheet 221 1845-7; 221NE 1889–90
- Ordnance Survey. Sheet 221SE 1938, 1950
- Fawcett 2003, p.102; Fig.7.8, p.103.
- Ordnance Survey. Sheet 221SE 1888–90, 1905
- Whitworth, Isabella (September 2008). "An Archive and Beyond" (PDF). Journal for Weavers, Spinners and Dyers. 227: 7.
- "Jobs axed in factory closure plan". BBC News. 7 November 2007.
- Ordnance Survey. Sheet 221SE 1950
- Selby's Hidden Heritage 2011, p.1, col.1, "Firstly: The Overall View".
- Selby's Hidden Heritage 2011, p.1, col.3, "Looking at things in more detail".
- Ordnance Survey Sheet 221NE 1889–90, 1905, 1938, 1950
- Brace, Harold W. (1960), History of Seed Crushing in Great Britain, p. 154
- "Company History", www.potterlogistics.co.uk, retrieved 17 July 2014
- Godfrey, Ron (6 June 2009), "Potter Group's freight project receives green honours", York Press
- "Selby Distribution Centre", www.potterlogistics.co.uk, retrieved 17 July 2014
- Turley Associates (1 September 2011), The Potter Group – Selby Core Strategy Examination in Public (PDF), Selby Council, §1.2–1.7, p.1
- "CEMEX UK renews 25-year bulk contract with The Potter Group", www.multimodal.org.uk, 18 February 2010
- "Clipper on track for expansion", www.thebusinessdesk.com, 27 February 2009
- Perry, Dominic (11 March 2009), "Potter adds Clipper Group as tenant for Selby site", www.commercialmotor.com
- Selby station facilities National Rail Enquiries; Retrieved 6 December 2016]
- Northern Rail Timetable 34 York to Selby and Hull and York to Sheffield via Pontefract Baghill 13 December 2015 to 14 May 2016Northern Rail; Retrieved 31 March 2016
- Northern Rail Timetable 35, York & Selby to Leeds (PDF), Northern Rail, 13 December 2015 – 14 May 2016
- GB eNRT 2015-16 Edition, Table 39 (Network Rail)
- Triple Swoop for Virgin Trains
- Northern Franchise Improvements - DfT' Department for Transport'
- "Selby celebrates 175th anniversary of the opening of railway station". York Press. Newsquest Media Group. 21 September 2009.
- Parsons, Edward (1835), The Tourist's Companion; Or, the History of the Scenes and Places on the Route by the Railroad and Steam-Packet from Leeds and Selby to Hull
- Brees, Samuel Charles, Railway practice: A collection of working plans and practical details of construction in the public works of the most celebrated engineers ...
- Triffitt, J. (1897). "Swing Bridge at Selby, North Eastern Railway. (Including Appendix and Plate at Back of Volume)". Minutes of the Proceedings. Institute of Civil Engineers. 128 (1897): 207–221. doi:10.1680/imotp.1897.19404.
- Tomlinson, William Weaver (1915), The North Eastern Railway; its rise and development, Andrew Reid and Company, Newcastle; Longmans, Green and Company, London
- Hoole, Ken (1986), A regional history of the railways of Great Britain. Vol 4, The North East (3rd ed.), David and Charles
- Fawcett, Bill (2001), A History of North Eastern Railway Architecture, 1, North Eastern Railway Association
- Fawcett, Bill (2003), A History of North Eastern Railway Architecture, 2, North eastern Railway Association
- "A brief guide to Selby Railway station Yorkshire's oldest : built 1834" (PDF), www.selby.gov.uk, 2009
- Yorkshire’s First Railway Station, a commemorative booklet. Marking the 175th anniversary of the opening of Selby station. 22nd September 1834 (PDF), Selby District Council
- "Selby's Railway Stations", Selby's Hidden Heritage, Selby Town Council, 2011
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