SelecTV (American TV channel)
|Broadcast area||Nationwide (available in select areas)|
|Launched||July 23, 1978|
|Closed||March 31, 1989(10 years, 251 days)|
As with other subscription television systems, SelecTV was transmitted via scrambled signal from a local UHF television station (it later became a satellite service as well). Unlike its competitors, it originally allowed subscribers to pay only for programs "selected" during the month, with the first several minutes free (the decoder box included a phone hook-up to transmit information back to the billing office); it later switched to a flat fee.
SelecTV began broadcasting July 23, 1978, on KWHY-TV channel 22 in Los Angeles. By November, SelecTV had signed up 5,000 subscribers. The service expanded to Milwaukee on WCGV channel 24 on June 27, 1980, and it began broadcasting to Philadelphia over WWSG-TV channel 57—a new-to-air station—on June 15, 1981.
In 1981, Burt Harris of Harriscope and SelecTV teamed up to buy KWHY-TV from Coast Television for $5.3 million; SelecTV opted to exercise an option to buy channel 22 after Coast continually opposed the airing of R-rated movies by SelecTV. Late that year, SelecTV's subscriber base peaked at 125,000. In 1983, the service went national via satellite; that same year, SelecTV lost WWSG and its 11,000 Philadelphia subscribers when that station switched to airing PRISM, a regional subscription channel that previously was cable-only.
The Milwaukee system was shut down in July 1984, leaving SelecTV operating over-the-air only in Los Angeles and on a low-power television station in McComb, Mississippi, W36AC, which began broadcasting SelecTV programming in May 1984 but did not air its X-rated movies. After a year of speculation and failure of the first round of talks, SelecTV acquired ONTV's Los Angeles operations in February 1985; some sports events were broadcast on the combined service, which had some 215,000 subscribers. Most of those events were simulcast from the then-recently launched regional sports network Prime Ticket. During this time, SelecTV also was a sustaining service for other subscription systems, such as WHT (the former Wometco Home Theater).
SelecTV was acquired by Telstar in January 1987. However, Telstar was unable to turn around the company. As 1988 progressed, it entered several entanglements with program suppliers, causing a decline in the quality of the service and causing subscribers to abandon SelecTV. The Mississippi low-power station dropped the service, having never made a profit, and converted to conventional operation as a community-oriented independent.
Continued erosion of the service's subscriber base led KWHY to start preparing a transition to Spanish-language programming during prime time. SelecTV ceased operating over KWHY after more than a decade of operations on March 31, 1989, having reached a deal to conclude the month after going into bankruptcy; one night, KWHY did not air SelecTV because the station had not been paid.
After losing KWHY, the company announced its switch to an MMDS microwave system known as "SuperselecTV". This never transpired. Instead, SelecTV yielded on satellite to co-owned Starion Premiere Cinema, which itself folded January 31, 1991.
Unlike rival service ONTV, SelecTV specialized in airing movies and did not air sports events. (However, some local SelecTV partners aired sports; WHT, for instance, aired SportsChannel New York sporting events as opt-outs.) Foreign films were often shown in dubbed and subtitled versions, which were indicated in the channel's monthly programming guide. In the early 1980s, Los Angeles affiliate KWHY simulcast some programs from Z Channel. During Oscar season in the Los Angeles market, regular programming would often be preempted for special "Academy Consideration" screenings of films in contention for Oscar nominations. As early as 1981, SelecTV aired more suggestive R-rated movies and softcore versions of pornographic films on its "Adult Theater" programming block. To enable parental control, the scrambling scheme was slightly different from their regular fare and a key switch on the descrambler unit could lock out decoding of the adult programming.
Another thing that made the channel unique was its policy of incorporating R-rated movies throughout the broadcast day, at a time when other pay services restricted R-rated content until after 8 p.m. SelecTV also transmitted its C-band satellite feed "in the clear" (unscrambled) for a longer time than rivals HBO and Showtime.
In 1986, SelecTV produced one original, non-sports series: the half-hour comedy Channel K. The title of the series was chosen to mock one of SelecTV’s early competitors, Z Channel. Each half-hour episode was composed of shorter segments, averaging five minutes, spoofing television programming. There were two comedy spin-offs from Channel K, both also airing in 1986, presented in ten-minute segments in order to be used to fill time as needed between movies. The first was Bachelor Pad, where a self-proclaimed ladies' man gave not-so-helpful tips to single men looking to be more successful at dating women. The second, Handy Dan, gave do-it-yourself lessons that always led to disaster. In 1987, Channel K returned to the network briefly with the new title, Son of Channel K. Three VHS volumes, including episodes of both Channel K and Son of Channel K, as well as segments of Bachelor Pad and Handy Dan, were released on home video in 1989 and 1990.
- ONTV, an over-the-air subscription service that served Los Angeles, Chicago, Cincinnati, Dallas/Fort Worth, Detroit, Fort Lauderdale, Phoenix, Salem/Portland and San Francisco.
- PRISM, an over-the-air and cable television subscription service that served Southeastern Pennsylvania, Southern New Jersey, Delaware and the Delmarva Peninsula.
- Spectrum, an over-the-air subscription service that served Chicago and Minneapolis–St. Paul.
- SuperTV, an over-the-air subscription service that served Washington, D.C., the Capital and Central regions of Maryland and Northern Virginia.
- Wometco Home Theater – an over-the-air subscription service that served New York City, Northern and Central New Jersey, Long Island and Fairfield County, Connecticut.
- Margulies, Lee (July 22, 1978). "New Pay TV Service to Debut". Los Angeles Times. p. 3. Retrieved October 12, 2020.
- Watson, John G. "Pay TV: Battle of Airwaves Looms". Los Angeles Times. pp. View 1, 23. Retrieved March 12, 2020.
- "Channel 24 completes format". Kenosha News. June 27, 1980. p. 25. Retrieved October 12, 2020.
- Keating, Douglas J. (July 6, 1981). "Two—count 'em—subscription stations get a strong response". Philadelphia Inquirer. p. 13-D. Retrieved October 12, 2020.
- "Changing Hands 1981" (PDF). Broadcasting. January 11, 1982. pp. 37–46. Retrieved March 12, 2020.
- Sahagun, Louis (October 5, 1984). "Talks to Sell ON-TV's L.A. Unit to SelecTV Canceled". pp. 1, 2. Retrieved October 12, 2020.
- Wolf, Ron (September 13, 1983). "76ers and Flyers home games to be available on pay-TV". p. 7-C. Retrieved October 12, 2020.
- "To Our Viewers". McComb Enterprise-Journal. July 11, 1984. p. 11. Retrieved October 12, 2020.
- Farley, Ellen (August 15, 1984). "ON-TV Discussing Sale of Its L.A. System to SelecTV". Los Angeles Times. pp. 1, 10. Retrieved October 12, 2020.
- Farley, Ellen (February 5, 1985). "Oak Industries Sells Its ON-TV Service to SelecTV". pp. 1, 3. Retrieved October 12, 2020.
- "WHT may expand". The Record. March 28, 1985. p. B-16. Retrieved October 12, 2020.
- Harris, Kathryn (January 3, 1987). "L.A.-Based Telstar Acquires SelecTV Satellite Service". Los Angeles Times. pp. 1, 2. Retrieved March 12, 2020.
- Groves, Martha (March 20, 1989). "SelecTV Seeks Shield From Creditors". Los Angeles Times. p. 2. Retrieved October 12, 2020.
- Ryan, Jack (August 10, 1988). "Trial over ad ends; no verdict yet". McComb Enterprise-Journal. pp. 1, 14. Retrieved October 12, 2020.
- Dunagin, Charles (September 4, 1988). "Ten years after Sunday paper, McComb TV". McComb Enterprise-Journal. p. 2. Retrieved October 12, 2020.
- "Morning Report". Los Angeles Times. December 5, 1988. p. 2. Retrieved March 12, 2020.
- "Agreement for SelecTV Service". Los Angeles Times. March 23, 1989. p. 2. Retrieved March 12, 2020.
- Knoedelseder, Jr., William K. (March 4, 1989). "L.A. Station to Dump SelecTV, Dimming Prospects for Pioneer". Los Angeles Times. pp. 1, 2. Retrieved October 12, 2020.
- "Falling Starion" (PDF). Broadcasting. December 30, 1990. p. 73. Retrieved October 12, 2020.
- SelecTV Animated ID from 1981 at The Museum of Classic Chicago Television (www.FuzzyMemories.TV)
- SelecTV Station ID & Break from 1981 at The Museum of Classic Chicago Television (www.FuzzyMemories.TV)
- SelecTV Short Subject, Previews & IDs from 1981 at The Museum of Classic Chicago Television (www.FuzzyMemories.TV)
- SelecTV End Of Film & Preview from 1981 at The Museum of Classic Chicago Television (www.FuzzyMemories.TV)
- SelecTV Promo & Station Sign-Off from 1981 at The Museum of Classic Chicago Television (www.FuzzyMemories.TV)