Selected Ambient Works 85–92

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Selected Ambient Works 85–92
Selected Ambient Works 85-92.png
Studio album by Aphex Twin
Released November 1992 (1992-11)
Recorded 1985–1992
Genre
Length 74:22
Label Apollo
Producer Richard D. James
Aphex Twin chronology
Digeridoo
(1992)Digeridoo1992
Selected Ambient Works 85–92
(1992)
Xylem Tube EP
(1992)Xylem Tube EP1992

Selected Ambient Works 85–92 is the debut studio album by the English electronic musician Richard D. James under the pseudonym of Aphex Twin, released as a very limited import in late November 1992[6] by Apollo Records, an imprint of the more prominent label R&S Records, and later widely in February 1993.[7] The 1992 LP was James' third release overall, and collected tracks dating back as early as 1985. An analogue remaster was released in 2006, and a digital remaster in 2008.

Selected Ambient Works 85–92 received widespread acclaim and has been characterised as a landmark of electronica, ambient music, and IDM. It was followed by Selected Ambient Works Volume II (1994). On the week ending 27 September 2014, the album entered at #30 in the UK Dance Albums Chart after the release of his 2014 album Syro.[8]

Background[edit]

James grew up in Lanner, Cornwall in a "very happy" childhood,[9] and began experimenting with musical instruments, such as his family's piano, at an early age.[10] He attended Redruth School in Redruth, Cornwall,[11] and claimed to have won 50 pounds in a competition to make a program that produced sound on a Sinclair ZX81 (a machine with no sound hardware) at age 11. He subsequently created music using a ZX Spectrum and a sampler,[9] and also began reassembling and modifying his own synthesizers.[10] As a teenager James gained a cult following being a disc jockey at the Shire Horse Inn in St Ives, with Tom Middleton at the Bowgie Inn in Crantock and along the beaches around Cornwall, learning new musical techniques.[12][13] He studied at Cornwall College from 1988 to 1990 for a National Diploma in engineering. About his studies, he said "music and electronics went hand in hand".[13] James graduated from college; according to an engineering lecturer he often wore headphones during practical lessons, "no doubt thinking through the mixes he'd be working on later".[14] According to musician Benjamin Middleton, James began producing music at age 12.[15] James said he composed ambient techno music the following year.[16] In an interview with Q Magazine in 2014, James stated that the ambient track 'i' emerged from those early recordings.

James' first release as Aphex Twin, later changed to AFX, was the 1991 12-inch EP Analogue Bubblebath on Mighty Force Records. In 1991, James and Grant Wilson-Claridge founded Rephlex Records to promote "innovation in the dynamics of acid — a much-loved and misunderstood genre of house music forgotten by some and indeed new to others, especially in Britain".[17] He wrote "Digeridoo" to clear up his audience after a rave.[13] From 1991 to 1993 James released two Analogue Bubblebath EPs as AFX and an EP, Bradley's Beat, as Bradley Strider. Although he moved to London to take an electronics course at Kingston Polytechnic, he admitted to David Toop that his electronics studies were being evacuated as he pursued a career in the techno genre. Although he allegedly lived on the roundabout in Elephant and Castle, South London during his early years there, he actually resided in a nearby former bank building.[9][18] While performing at clubs and with a small underground following, James went on to release SAW 85–92, which was mostly recorded before he started DJing and consisted of instrumental songs that were mostly beat-oriented.[19]

Composition[edit]

Although Selected Ambient Works is primarily instrumental, many of the songs use samples. "Xtal" includes a repeating female vocal sample along with interchanging ambient sounds, while "Tha" has clips of several people talking. "We Are the Music Makers" features Gene Wilder's recitation of "We are the music makers, and we are the dreamers of dreams" from Arthur O'Shaughnessy's poem Ode, from the 1971 film Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory. "Green Calx" contains samples from RoboCop: the dinosaur's popping eyes during the 6000 SUX TV ad, the ED-209 robot trying to go downstairs without success, and the sound of RoboCop browsing faces of criminals in the police archives computer. "Green Calx" also contains a faint sample of the vocal from "Fodderstompf" by Public Image Ltd, as well as distortion of the opening titles of John Carpenter's 1982 film The Thing.[12]

Reception and legacy[edit]

Professional ratings
Review scores
SourceRating
AllMusic5/5 stars[5]
Encyclopedia of Popular Music5/5 stars[20]
Mojo4/5 stars[21]
Pitchfork9.4/10[22]
Q5/5 stars[23]
Record Collector5/5 stars[24]
Rolling Stone4/5 stars[25]
The Rolling Stone Album Guide4/5 stars[26]
Slant Magazine4/5 stars[27]
Spin Alternative Record Guide9/10[28]

Selected Ambient Works 85–92 was released on 12 February 1992 by Apollo, a subdivision of Belgian record label R&S Records.[5][29] James departed from R&S Records after the release of SAW 85–92 to focus on Rephlex Records.[30]

Selected Ambient Works has been critically acclaimed for its beat-driven, simple and atmospheric nature, and many reviewers suggested that James developed from the works of Brian Eno,[31] to whom the electronic musician had not listened until he made his early recordings.[32] John Bush of AllMusic felt Ambient Works is sparse with eerie synth lines and narrow percussion and described it as a "watershed of ambient music". He noticed the album's poor sound quality since it was recorded onto a cassette damaged by a cat.[33] When it was reissued by PIAS America in 2002, David M. Pecoraro of Pitchfork likened its synth tones to a professional dancer and appreciated the album as "among the most interesting music ever created with a keyboard and a computer" despite its "primitive origins".[22] Rolling Stone's Pat Blashill thought the album combined minimal drums and bass with abundant soundscapes.[25] Eric Weisbard and Craig Marks, authors of the Spin Alternative Record Guide, gave it a 9 rating and called James a "noise-for-noise's sake".[28]

Widely regarded by critics as one of the pioneering works in early IDM and modern electronic music, retrospective reviews mention its influence on electronic artists.[31] Warp Records refers to it as "the birthplace and the benchmark of modern electronic music" and has stated that "every home should have a copy."[34] In 2003, the album was placed #92 in "NME's 100 Best Albums" poll (link). Nine years later, it was named the greatest album of the 1990s by FACT Magazine.[35] The album was also featured in the book 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die.

A remastered SAW 85–92 Compact Disc was released by Apollo/R&S Records on 8 April 2008. The remastered 12" vinyl record was released in 2006.

Track listing[edit]

All tracks composed and arranged by Richard D. James.

No.TitleLength
1."Xtal"4:54
2."Tha"9:06
3."Pulsewidth"3:46
4."Ageispolis"5:23
5."i"1:17
6."Green Calx"6:05
7."Heliosphan"4:51
8."We Are the Music Makers"7:43
9."Schottkey 7th Path"5:08
10."Ptolemy"7:10
11."Hedphelym"6:00
12."Delphium"5:26
13."Actium"7:32

Personnel[edit]

As credited on the album's liner notes:[36]

Charts[edit]

Chart (2014) Peak
position
UK Dance Albums Chart[8] 30

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bush, John. "Drukqs - Aphex Twin". AllMusic. Retrieved 19 July 2017.
  2. ^ Cinquemani, Sal. "Selected Ambient Works 85-92 Review". Slant Magazine Inc. Retrieved 2 November 2002.
  3. ^ Bush, John. "Aphex Twin | Biography & History | AllMusic". AllMusic. Retrieved 19 July 2017.
  4. ^ "50 Best IDM Albums of All-Time". Pitchfork. Retrieved 9 April 2017.
  5. ^ a b c d Tognazzini, Anthony. "Selected Ambient Works 85–92 – Aphex Twin". AllMusic. Retrieved 19 July 2017.
  6. ^ "Melody Maker Review, November 21 1992". In a Different Place. Retrieved 1 May 2018.
  7. ^ "It was released in late November 1992. (...) Most (reviews) were in Jan and Feb 1993 when it received a domestic release". Planet Mu. 2018. Retrieved 1 May 2018.
  8. ^ a b "Official Singles Chart Top 100 - Official Charts Company". www.officialcharts.com. Retrieved 26 August 2017.
  9. ^ a b c O'Connell, John (October 2001). "Untitled". The Face. EMAP. Archived from the original on 15 June 2008. Retrieved 14 June 2008.
  10. ^ a b Reynolds, Simon. "A Classic Aphex Twin Interview. Simon Reynolds Talks To Richard D. James". The Quietus. Retrieved 26 March 2018.
  11. ^ Stuart Aitken (28 November 2003). "Rephlexology". mad.co.uk.
  12. ^ a b Jordan (9 December 2011). "My Year in Lists: Week Forty-Nine". Review To Be Named. Retrieved 14 July 2014.
  13. ^ a b c d e Robinson, Dave (April 1993). "The Aphex Effect". Future Music.
  14. ^ Murray, Janet (12 June 2007). "College days". The Guardian. London: Guardian Media Group. Archived from the original on 26 June 2008. Retrieved 14 June 2008.
  15. ^ Middleton, Benjamin (October 1992). "~~ rephlex ~~ aphex ~~ drn ~~". alt.rave.
  16. ^ Anderson, Don (1999). "Aphex Twin: Mad Musician or Investment Banker?". Space Age Bachelor. Retrieved 7 July 2014.
  17. ^ Wilson-Claridge, Grant (30 November 1992). "~~~ The definitive RePHLeX ~~~". alt.rave. Retrieved 14 June 2008.
  18. ^ Toop, David (March 1994). "Lost in space". The Face. EMAP. Archived from the original on 3 June 2008. Retrieved 14 June 2008.
  19. ^ Bush, John. "Aphex Twin". AllMusic. Retrieved 22 November 2011.
  20. ^ Larkin, Colin (2011). The Encyclopedia of Popular Music (5th concise ed.). Omnibus Press. ISBN 0-85712-595-8.
  21. ^ "Aphex Twin: Selected Ambient Works 85–92". Mojo (175): 121. June 2008.
  22. ^ a b Pecoraro, David M. (20 February 2002). "Aphex Twin: Selected Ambient Works 85–92". Pitchfork. Retrieved 6 March 2008.
  23. ^ "Aphex Twin: Selected Ambient Works 85–92". Q (263): 156. June 2008.
  24. ^ Needs, Kris (June 2008). "Aphex Twin – Selected Ambient Works 85–92". Record Collector (350). Retrieved 14 July 2014.
  25. ^ a b Blashill, Pat (12 December 2002). "Selected Ambient Works 85–92 : Aphex Twin". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 25 May 2009. Retrieved 6 March 2008.
  26. ^ Frere-Jones, Sasha (2004). "Aphex Twin". In Brackett, Nathan; Hoard, Christian. The New Rolling Stone Album Guide (4th ed.). Simon & Schuster. pp. 21–23. ISBN 0-7432-0169-8.
  27. ^ Cinquemani, Sal (2 November 2002). "Aphex Twin: Selected Ambient Works 85–92". Slant Magazine. Retrieved 22 November 2011.
  28. ^ a b Weisbard, Eric; Marks, Craig, eds. (1995). Spin Alternative Record Guide. Vintage Books. pp. 15–16. ISBN 0-679-75574-8.
  29. ^ "Aphex Twin Charts & Awards Billboard Albums". Allmusic. Retrieved 6 December 2009.
  30. ^ Weidenbaum, Marc (13 February 2014). "Aphex Twin's Selected Ambient Works Volume II". 33⅓ series. New York: Continuum International Publishing Group: 1. ISBN 978-1-62356-763-7.
  31. ^ a b George-Warren, Holly and Patricia Romanowski, ed. (2005). "Aphex Twin". The Rolling Stone Encyclopedia of Rock & Roll. New York City: Fireside. p. 24. ISBN 978-0-7432-9201-6.
  32. ^ "They thought I was the only one". Junglizt. 1996. Retrieved 1 July 2014.
  33. ^ Bush, John. "Selected Ambient Works 85–92 – Aphex Twin". AllMusic. Archived from the original on 8 June 2012. Retrieved 19 July 2017.
  34. ^ Blashill, Pat (12 December 2005). "Selected Ambient Works 85-92 : Aphex Twin : Review : Mahalo". Mahalo. Mahalo, Inc. Retrieved 6 March 2008.
  35. ^ "The 100 Best Albums of the 1990s – FACT Magazine: Music News, New Music". Factmag.com. 3 September 2012. Retrieved 20 February 2014.
  36. ^ Selected Ambient Works 85–92 (booklet). Aphex Twin. R&S Records. 1992.

Notes[edit]

  • Weisbard, Eric; Craig Marks (1995). Spin Alternative Record Guide. Vintage Books. ISBN 0-679-75574-8.

External links[edit]