Self-destruct

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Self-destruct is a mechanism (protocol or device) that can cause an object to destroy itself within a predefined set of circumstances. The self-destruct mechanism is usually the most complete way to destroy the object. For that reason the self-destruct mechanism can be used to destroy objects that are meant to be discarded.

Self-destruct mechanisms are found on devices and systems where malfunction could endanger large numbers of people.

Uses[edit]

Landmines[edit]

Some types of modern land mines are designed to self-destruct, or chemically render themselves inert after a period of weeks or months to reduce the likelihood of friendly casualties during the conflict or civilian casualties after the conflict's end. The Amended Protocol II to the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons (CCW), amended in 1996, requires that anti-personnel land mines deactivate and self-destruct, and sets standards for both.[1] Land mines currently used by the United States military are designed to self-destruct between 4 hours and 15 days depending upon the type.[2] The land mines have a battery and when the battery dies, the land mine self-destructs.[2] The self-destruct system never failed in over 67,000 tested land mines in a variety of conditions.[2] Not all self-destruct mechanisms are absolutely reliable,[citation needed] and most land mines that have been laid throughout history are not equipped to self-destruct. Land mines can also be designed to self-deactivate, for instance by a battery running out of a charge, but deactivation is considered a different mechanism from self-destruction.[2]

Rocketry[edit]

For example, the Space Shuttle Solid Rocket Boosters were equipped with explosive charges so that the boosters could be destroyed in the event that control was lost on launch and a populated area was in danger. This feature can be seen in videos of the Challenger disaster. After the initial disintegration of the shuttle, the two solid rocket boosters continued firing until they exploded simultaneously 37 seconds later. This occurred when the Range Safety Officer decided that the separated boosters had the potential to endanger those on the ground and activated the self-destruct system.[3]

Military ships[edit]

Another form of a self-destruct system can be seen in the naval procedure of scuttling, which is used to destroy a ship or ships to prevent them from being seized[4][5] and/or reverse engineered.[6]

Data storage[edit]

Self-destruct mechanisms are sometimes employed to prevent an apparatus or information from being used by unauthorized persons in the event of loss or capture. For example, they may be found in high-security data storage devices (e.g. IronKey), where it is important for the data to be destroyed to prevent compromise.

Use in fiction[edit]

Self-destruct mechanisms are frequent plot devices in science fiction stories, such as those in the Star Trek fictional universe,[7] or the Alien universe.[8] They are applied to military installations and spaceships which would be too valuable to allow enemy capture. An artificial intelligence may invoke self-destruct due to cognitive dissonance.[9] In many such stories, such a mechanism causes massive destruction in a large area, obliterating the object protected by the device. Often the characters have a limited amount of time to escape the destruction or to disable the self-destruct, creating story tension.[10] In the TV series' "The man from U.N.C.L.E." and "Mission Impossible" sensitive intelligence or equipment is shown to self-destruct in order to prevent it from falling into enemy hands.[11] Usually the self-destruct sequence is lengthy and complex, as in Alien,[12] or requires multiple officers aboard ship with individual passcodes to initiate[13] with countdown timers that can allow characters to escape. Passwords in 1970s and 1980s movies are noticeably unfit for purposes of such major impact, considering accounts with even low level security in modern times have far more complex password requirements, as the writers of the era did not anticipate the complexity level of computer generated brute-force attacks and security issues.[14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Groves, Steven; Bromund, Ted R. (September 25, 2014). "Obama Says No to Landmines: The president is denying the U.S. armed forces a crucial weapon.". National Review. Retrieved 26 September 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Frequently Asked Questions on the New United States Landmine Policy". U.S. Department of State. February 27, 2004. Retrieved 26 September 2014. 
  3. ^ Rogers Commission report (1986). "Rogers Commission report, Volume I, chapter 9, Range Safety Activities, January 28, 1986". Retrieved July 4, 2006. 
  4. ^ "Scapa Flow Scuttling of the German High Seas Fleet". World War 1 Naval Combat. http://www.worldwar1.co.uk/. Retrieved 28 May 2012.  External link in |publisher= (help)
  5. ^ "Scuttling the Navy August 29, 1943: August 29, 1943 - the turning point". Danish Naval History. Johnny E. Balsved. Retrieved 28 May 2012. 
  6. ^ Eilam, Eldad (2005). Reversing: Secrets of Reverse Engineering. Wily Publishing. p. 3. ISBN 978-0-7645-7481-8. 
  7. ^ "Auto-destruct". Retrieved 2016-07-16. 
  8. ^ "Self destruct system". Retrieved 2016-07-16. 
  9. ^ Anders, Charlie Jane. "All the greatest scenes where someone talks a computer into self-destructing". Retrieved 2016-07-16. 
  10. ^ Dovey, Matthew (2014-09-11). "Matthew Watches YouTube: Alien: Nostromo Self-Destruct Sequence (1979)". Matthew Watches YouTube. Retrieved 2016-07-16. 
  11. ^ "Classic TV Shows - Mission Impossible with Peter Graves | FiftiesWeb". Retrieved 2016-07-16. 
  12. ^ "Alien". Typeset In The Future. 2014-12-01. Retrieved 2016-07-16. 
  13. ^ "'Star Trek': The Many Deaths of the USS Enterprise". Retrieved 2016-07-16. 
  14. ^ Chartier, David (2013-05-08). "The top 6 worst passwords from the Star Trek universe [Updated]". AgileBits Blog. Retrieved 2016-07-16.