Self Control (Raf song)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

"Self Control"
Raf-Self Control.jpg
Single by Raf
from the album Raf
B-side "Self Control" (Part Two) (7")
"Running Away" (12")
Released 1984
Format
Genre Italo disco[1][2]
Length
  • 4:21 (7")
  • 6:08 (12")
Label Carrere
Songwriter(s)
Producer(s) Giancarlo Bigazzi
Raf singles chronology
"Self Control"
(1984)
"Change Your Mind"
(1984)

"Self Control"
(1983)
"Change Your Mind"
(1984)
Music video
"Self Control" on YouTube

"Self Control" is a song by Italian singer Raf, released in 1984. It was written by Giancarlo Bigazzi, Steve Piccolo and Raf. The song was covered the same year by American singer Laura Branigan. Her version first hit no. 1 in Germany on June 15, 1984. Raf's version first hit no. 1 in Italy on June 23, 1984. Both versions of the song were popular across Europe during much of the summer of 1984 and were the most successful single of the year in Switzerland. Branigan's version peaked at no. 4 on the US Billboard Hot 100 chart and also went to no. 2 on the dance chart.[3]

The song has become one of the defining songs of the 1980s, with a number of remakes recorded each year. Notable covers include Puerto Rican singer Ricky Martin in 1993, a hit dance remake by Branigan in 2004 and two 2006 versions that hit the Top 5 in various European enclaves, by Danish dance group Infernal and Spanish singer Soraya Arnelas.

Raf version[edit]

Raf, born as Raffaele Riefoli, co-wrote the song "Self Control" with Giancarlo Bigazzi and Steve Piccolo. His version of "Self Control" peaked at no. 1 in Italy.[4] It also notably edged into no. 1 in Switzerland between runs at the top spot by Laura Branigan's version of "Self Control", and peaked at no. 2 in Germany, no. 7 in Austria and at no. 40 in France.[5][6] Raf released an extended dance mix of the song, like Branigan, but Raf's version featured a rap (performed by two other rap vocalists), relatively rare for a white artist at the time.

He would release several more tracks in English and re-release his debut 1984 album Raf in 1987 under the title Self Control, featuring two of these tracks. Although his English-language album and especially the singles proved to be quite successful in Italy and elsewhere, he began releasing his later albums in his native language, almost all of which were received better in Italy than the English-language albums; many of them entered Italy's Top 10 album chart.[7]

Charts[edit]

Laura Branigan version[edit]

"Self Control"
Laura Branigan - Self Control (single).png
Single by Laura Branigan
from the album Self Control
B-side "Silent Partners"
Released 1984
Format
Genre Italo disco[16]
Length 4:06
Label Atlantic
Songwriter(s)
Producer(s)
Laura Branigan singles chronology
"How Am I Supposed to Live Without You"
(1983)
"Self Control"
(1984)
"The Lucky One"
(1984)

"How Am I Supposed to Live Without You"
(1983)
"Self Control"
(1983)
"The Lucky One"
(1984)

American singer Laura Branigan covered "Self Control" in 1984. It was released as the lead single from her third studio album of the same name, released the same year.

History[edit]

Branigan's first major hit had also been co-written by Bigazzi: "Gloria" (1982) was an English cover of the 1979 original Italian song recorded by Umberto Tozzi. The following year Branigan recorded another English song written over a Tozzi and Bigazzi song, "Mama", which was part of the 1983 album Branigan 2. Branigan chose two more Italian songs for her third album: the first one, "Ti Amo" with lyrics by Diane Warren once again based on the original by Tozzi and Bigazzi that had been a 1977 single for Tozzi. The second one, "Self Control" became the title track to the album and her biggest international hit. "Self Control" was the only one of the four Italian songs recorded by Branigan that was originally composed in English, and Branigan chose to record the song as written. Also unlike the other songs, Branigan's version was contemporaneous with that of its co-writer.

The Branigan recording was arranged by Giorgio Moroder's protégé Harold Faltermeyer with Robbie Buchanan and produced by Buchanan with Jack White in Germany and Los Angeles. A keyboard hook in Raf's version was changed to a guitar riff for Branigan's version and a vocal break was paired with a sharper and repeated percussive element.

Song information[edit]

The song narrates the singer's slip into the world of nightlife, the allure of which has her "livin' only for the night" and deeming herself to "live among the creatures of the night". Rather than actually invoking more self-control, the singer addresses someone: "you take my self, you take my self-control".

Music video[edit]

Branigan was one of the first artists of the video era to work with an Academy Award-winning film director on a music video when William Friedkin (The French Connection, The Exorcist) directed the clip. Filmed in New Jersey and New York City, the video was produced by Fred Caruso and first aired in April 1984.[17]

The video depicts Branigan, sitting in her bedroom while her lover sleeps. Tempted by the allure of the city at night, she gets dressed up and goes out. Brief encounters with a mysterious man in a full-face white mask lead Branigan from the dance floor of a night club to an underground room where the masked man stands in the midst of an orgiastic gathering that he beckons her to join. Branigan allows herself to be led into the group, but ultimately flees in fright. Returning home, Branigan finds that the masked man and some of his throng are, somehow, now in her bedroom. The masked man lowers Branigan to her couch and she surrenders herself to him. The masked man, standing over Branigan, now lying unconscious on the floor, turns and walks towards the bedroom window, fading away in the morning light. Branigan, consumed by guilt, gets up and turns out the light. The final scene shows Branigan lying awake in bed, when her lover turns to face her, his face hidden behind a familiar white mask.

The video ultimately drew controversy, as it was considered so shockingly sexy that MTV required some edits before it could air.[18] Entertainment Tonight aired a segment on the network's reaction to the clip, which was being played in late-night slots on other networks. Though Branigan resisted at first, her record company convinced her to allow a minor alteration and the video was aired on MTV, though by this time the single had peaked on the charts. Branigan would go on to be nominated for a 1985 American Music Award for Favorite Pop/Rock Female Video Artist.[19] Branigan's fellow nominees were Tina Turner and Cyndi Lauper, who won the award.

Chart performance[edit]

Branigan's recording was a worldwide multi-format hit. In the US, the song became Branigan's fourth consecutive top 10 hit on a Billboard chart in a year and a half, following "Gloria", "Solitaire" and "How Am I Supposed to Live Without You". "Self Control" peaked at no. 2 on the Billboard Hot Dance Club Play chart, no. 4 on the Hot 100 and no. 5 on the Adult Contemporary chart.[3] In Canada, the track hit no. 1 on both the pop and AC charts. Both the Raf original and the Branigan version of "Self Control" entered the German Top 20 in May 1984: on June 25, the Branigan single assumed the no. 1 position, where it remained for six weeks, while the Raf version occupied the no. 2 spot.[20] Branigan's "Self Control" also entered the Italian charts although the dominance of the Raf version in his native Italy predicated a comparatively low peak Italian chart peak of no. 29 for Branigan's version.

"Self Control" afforded Laura Branigan a no. 1 hit in Austria, Canada, Sweden[21] and South Africa[22] and was also a smash hit for Branigan in Norway (no. 2),[21] Ireland (no. 3),[23] Australia (no. 3) and the UK (no. 5).[24] Branigan's album Self Control went Silver, Gold or Platinum in several countries and yielded subsequent charting singles, though not of the title track's magnitude, in "The Lucky One", "Ti Amo" and "Satisfaction".

Switzerland's most successful single of 1984[edit]

Raf's version exceeded the success of Branigan's only in his native Italy. The only other territory where Raf topped the charts was in Switzerland. His single debuted in the Swiss Top 30 at no. 7 on June 17, the same week Branigan's version debuted at no. 24. The following week, Raf's single had climbed to no. 2. Branigan's single, however, had leapt to no. 1. In their third week, Raf's version supplanted Branigan's at number 1, but she regained the top spot in the fourth week and the two versions would remain there, Branigan at no. 1 and Raf at no. 2, for three more weeks.

In their 7th week on the charts, Raf fell to no. 3, below "Wake Me Up Before You Go-Go" by Wham!, while Branigan held at no. 1. Their eighth week on the charts saw Raf regain the no. 2 spot behind Branigan. The following week the Wham! single moved back to no. 2 and Raf fell three spaces, but Branigan held firm. In their tenth week on the charts, Wham! fell to no. 5, Raf fell two more spots, and Branigan maintained pole position.

Finally on the week of August 26, "Such a Shame" by Talk Talk moved Branigan out of the number one spot, though she would remain in the top 5 for another three weeks. Branigan's record was in the Swiss top 30 for a total of sixteen weeks, including twelve weeks in the top 5 and eight weeks at no. 1.[21] It was joined by her follow-up single, "The Lucky One (Like a Wild Bird of Pray)", as it was erroneously subtitled in Europe, which charted in the top 30 for seven weeks.[25] Raf's version spent fourteen weeks in the top 30, including eight in the top five and one at number one.

Branigan's version was the most successful single of 1984 in Switzerland, earning Branigan the number one spot on the year-end charts.[15]

Live performances[edit]

Branigan performed the song live in her debut on The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson on April 27, 1984.[26] She also promoted the song during appearances on The Merv Griffin Show, Solid Gold (May 12, 1984),[27] Dick Clark's American Bandstand (June 9, 1984)[28] and the syndicated Dick Clark television special Rock Rolls On, which she also co-hosted.

Track listings[edit]

7" single
  1. "Self Control" – 4:06
  2. "Silent Partners" – 3:55

(Note: UK 7" Single Cat No: A9676)

12" maxi
  1. "Self Control" (extended version) – 5:04
  2. "Silent Partners" (extended version) – 4:10

Charts and certifications[edit]

Re-releases[edit]

"Self Control 2004"
Single by Laura Branigan
Released January 19, 2004
Format
Recorded 2003
Length 3:21
Label Dance Street
Songwriter(s)
Laura Branigan singles chronology
"Dim All the Lights"
(1995)
"Self Control 2004"
(2004)
"Gloria 2004"
(2004)

"Dim All the Lights"
(1995)
"Self Control 2004"
(2004)
"Gloria 2004"
(2004)

Branigan's "Self Control" was paired with follow-up single "The Lucky One" for an "oldies series" release in the US. In the UK, a similar release paired the song with her earlier hit, "Gloria". In 1992, the original single mix of "Self Control" was re-released on CD single and 12" vinyl by Atlantic/WEA in Germany featuring two new remixes. One of those, the 'Classic Summer Mix', appeared on the European greatest hits album The Very Best of Laura Branigan. In 1999, four new remixes of "Self Control" were commissioned for a South African collection called Back in Control, on Atlantic/Gallo.[61] "Self Control '99" was released as a CD single there. In the mid 2000s (decade), several trance music remixes featuring samples of various lengths from the 1984 Branigan original surfaced from various entities including Crooklyn Clan, Imperial Machine, and SK featuring Laura Branigan. None of these mixes were done with Branigan's participation.

As of 2010, the Self Control album remains in print and the original version can also be heard on The Best of Branigan (1993), and in remastered versions on The Essentials: Laura Branigan (2002) and The Platinum Collection (2006).

2004 version[edit]

Branigan sought to reclaim her career after years away from the music industry first to take care of her ailing husband and then to mourn his loss. She re-recorded her two biggest club hits for the 20th anniversary of "Self Control" and they were released in a slew of remixes as "Gloria 2004" and "Self Control 2004". The latter track hit the Top 10 on the Billboard Hot Dance Singles Sales chart following Branigan's sudden death from an aneurysm in August of that year.

Track listings[edit]
CD maxi single
  1. "Self Control 2004" [Mindworkers Radio Mix] – 3:21
  2. "Self Control 2004" [Flip & Fill Remix] – 6:45
  3. "Self Control 2004" [Mindworkers Remix] – 7:07
  4. "Self Control 2004" [Force Four Remix] – 7:45
  5. "Self Control 2004" [Kenny Hayes Club Mix] – 6:07
  6. "Self Control 2004" [Mindworkers Instrumental] – 7:05

Charts[edit]

Chart (2004) Peak
position
US Billboard Hot Dance Singles Sales[62] 10

Ricky Martin version[edit]

"Que Dia Es Hoy"
Single by Ricky Martin
from the album Me Amarás
B-side "Que Dia Es Hoy" (Remix)
Released May 3, 1993 (1993-05-03)
Format CD single
Length 4:25
Label
Songwriter(s)
Producer(s)
Ricky Martin singles chronology
"Me Amarás"
(1993)
"Que Dia Es Hoy"
(1993)
"Entre el Amor y los Halagos"
(1993)

"Me Amarás"
(1993)
"Que Dia Es Hoy"
(1993)
"Entre el Amor y los Halagos"
(1993)
Music video
"Que Dia Es Hoy (Self Control)" (audio) on YouTube

In 1993, Ricky Martin recorded a Spanish-language cover of "Self Control", titled "Que Dia Es Hoy" ("What Day Is Today"). With lyrics by producer Juan Carlos Calderón and Mikel Herzog, the song was released as single from Martin's second studio solo album, Me Amarás, on May 3, 1993. The single featured a remixed version of the track. A music video was also released. In 2008, the remixed version was included on CD and DVD, called 17.

Formats and track listings[edit]

Latin America promotional 12" single

  1. "Que Dia Es Hoy (Self Control)" (Remix Extended Version) – 8:01
  2. "Que Dia Es Hoy (Self Control)" (Remix Radio Version) – 4:52
  3. "Que Dia Es Hoy (Self Control)" (Remix Extended Dub Version) – 6:03
  4. "Que Dia Es Hoy (Self Control)" – 4:22

Brazilian promotional CD single

  1. "Que Dia Es Hoy (Self Control)" (Club Mix) – 8:01
  2. "Que Dia Es Hoy (Self Control)" (Club Mix Edit) – 4:52
  3. "Que Dia Es Hoy (Self Control)" (Dub Mix) – 6:03
  4. "Te Quero Amor (Que Dia Es Hoy)" – 4:22

Charts[edit]

Chart (1993) Peak
position
US Hot Latin Songs (Billboard)[63] 26

Royal Gigolos version[edit]

"Self Control" / "Somebody's Watching Me"
Royalselfcontrol.jpg
Single by Royal Gigolos
from the album Musique Deluxe
Released August 8, 2005
Recorded 2005
Songwriter(s)
Royal Gigolos singles chronology
"No Milk Today"
(2004)
"Self Control" / "Somebody's Watching Me"
(2005)
"Tell It to My Heart"
(2006)

"No Milk Today"
(2004)
"Self Control/Somebody's Watching Me"
(2005)
"Tell It to My Heart"
(2006)

In 2005, the German dance band Royal Gigolos recorded a cover of the song. It appeared on a maxi CD, along with their cover of the 1984 Rockwell hit "Somebody's Watching Me". The song's most notable success were Top 20 chartings in Denmark and Finland.

Track listings[edit]

CD maxi
  1. "Self Control" (D.O.N.S. single mix) – 3:42
  2. "Self Control" (single version) – 3:46
  3. "Self Control" (extended version) – 5:05
  4. "Self Control" (D.O.N.S. remix) – 6:18
  5. "Self Control" (Swen G° remix) – 6:32
  6. "Somebody's Watching Me" (single version) – 3:17
  7. "Somebody's Watching Me" (extended version) – 4:27
  8. "Somebody's Watching Me" (DJ Tyson club mix) – 6:36
  9. "Self Control" (video)

Charts[edit]

Chart (2005–06) Peak
position
Austria (Ö3 Austria Top 40)[64] 42
Denmark (Tracklisten)[65] 17
Netherlands (Single Top 100)[66] 49
Finland (Suomen virallinen lista)[67] 14
Germany (Official German Charts)[68] 67
Switzerland (Schweizer Hitparade)[69] 90

Infernal version[edit]

"Self Control"
Self Control -single-.jpg
Single by Infernal
from the album From Paris to Berlin
Released October 24, 2006
Recorded 2006
Length
  • 3:16 (UK Radio Edit)
  • 3:40 (Radio Edit)
Label
Songwriter(s)
Infernal singles chronology
"Ten Miles"
(2006)
"Self Control"
(2006)
"I Won't Be Crying"
(2007)

"Ten Miles"
(2006)
"Self Control"
(2006)
"I Won't Be Crying"
(2007)

In 2006, Danish dance band Infernal, best known for the club hit "From Paris to Berlin", released a cover of the song on November 6 in the UK. The song debuted in the chart at no. 61 based on downloads only. The track was also released in Australia, as a Double A-side with "I Won't Be Crying", though it did not chart there. Their recording was notably Top 10 in Finland and their native Denmark.

Formats and track listings[edit]

2-track CD single
  1. "Self Control" [Radio Edit] – 3:40
  2. "From Paris to Berlin" [DJ Aligator Remix] – 6:37
7-track enhanced promo single
  1. "Self Control" [Radio Edit] – 3:40
  2. "Self Control" [Extended Version] – 6:00
  3. "Self Control" [Soul Seekerz Remix] – 7:40
  4. "Self Control" [Robbie Rivera Juicy Mix] – 6:14
  5. "Self Control" [Europeanz Remix] – 7:09
  6. "Self Control" [Weekend Wonderz Club Mix] – 6:13
  7. "Self Control" [Video] – 3:48
12" single
  1. "Self Control" [Soul Seekerz Remix] – 7:41
  2. "Self Control" [Extended Version] – 6:00
  3. "Self Control" [Robbie Rivera Juicy Mix] – 6:14

Charts[edit]

Chart (2006) Peak
position
Denmark (Tracklisten)[70] 3
Finland (Suomen virallinen lista)[71] 6
Ireland (IRMA)[72] 14
UK Singles (Official Charts Company)[73] 18

Other cover versions[edit]

1984Meiju Suvas as "Viet itsekontrollin" Finnish (single):

included on Suvas' 1985 album Tottakai[74]
• Leena Vanamo (fi) as "Viet Itsekontrollin" Finnish (single):
included on Vanamo's album Sua Kaipaan[75]

1985Helena Vondráčková as "Ty máš tu moc fajn moc" Czech (single):

bonus track on 2004 re-issue of Vondráčková's album Sprint:[76]
Vondráčková also covered the English-language original (see above).

1988 • Foolish Mind: Serge Ramaekers (nl) & Dominic Sas – see T-Spoon – featuring Ellice (single)[77]

2001JamX & De Leon as "Can U Dig It" (single): instrumental version of

"Self Control" featuring vocal sample from the movie The Warriors[78]

2004 • Beatmastah with Capri (fi) (single)[79]

Antoine Clamaran featuring Lulu Hugues (fr) as "Feel It" (single):
song based on riff from "Self Control" credited to original's composers with additional composer credits to Antoine Clamaran, Laurent Pautrat, Lulu Hugues (fr)[80][81]

2007 • Caramelle (de) featuring Nitro (single)[82]

2008 • Dim Chris (fr) & Thomas Gold (single)[83]

2010Sunday Girl (single)[84]

2012 • Paulina Vereti (de) as "Es ist so schön, dass ich ein Mädchen bin"

German (single): included on Vereti's album Pure Sehnsucht produced by Jack White[85]

2014 • Naked Highway as a stand-alone single.[86]

Use in media[edit]

Branigan's version of "Self Control" was featured on the Miami Vice episode "The Great McCarthy" and was featured in the fact-based 1989 TV movie The Preppie Murder and a 2007 episode of the series Cold Case. In 2002, the Branigan recording was used as a track on the fictional radio station Flash FM in the video game Grand Theft Auto: Vice City, and it appears on the CD collection Grand Theft Auto: Vice City Official Soundtrack Box Set, as well as numerous other hits collections. It was often used as bumper music by late night radio talk show host Art Bell when he hosted Coast to Coast AM in the 1990s. It was also featured in the opening scenes of the Knight Rider episodes "Halloween Knight" and "K.I.T.T vs K.A.R.R." In 2018, Branigan's version was heard in FX's The Assassination of Gianni Versace: American Crime Story episode, "Descent".

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fabbri, Franco; Plastino, Goffredo (2013). "Italo Disco". Made in Italy: Studies in Popular Music. Routledge. pp. 211–212. ISBN 978-0-4158-9976-5. 
  2. ^ Levine, Nick (August 3, 2010). "Sunday Girl: 'Self Control'". Digital Spy. Hearst Magazines UK. Retrieved June 12, 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c d e "Laura Branigan – Awards". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved July 27, 2013. 
  4. ^ a b "SINGOLI – I NUMERI UNO (1959-2006) (parte 3: 1980-1990)" (in Italian). It-charts.150m.com. Archived from the original on March 3, 2016. Retrieved June 12, 2014. 
  5. ^ a b "Swisscharts.com – RAF – Self Control". Swiss Singles Chart. Retrieved July 27, 2013.
  6. ^ a b "Offiziellecharts.de – RAF – Self Control". GfK Entertainment Charts. Retrieved July 27, 2013.
  7. ^ Bush, John. "Raf – Artist Biography". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved June 12, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Austriancharts.at – RAF – Self Control" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40. Retrieved July 27, 2013.
  9. ^ "European Top 50 Singles – compiled by Europarade – Week Ending 07.07.84". Archived from the original on July 23, 2014. . World Charts.
  10. ^ "Lescharts.com – RAF – Self Control" (in French). Les classement single. Retrieved July 27, 2013.
  11. ^ "SELF CONTROL – Raff" (in Polish). LP3. Retrieved July 27, 2013. 
  12. ^ a b Salaverri, Fernando (September 2005). Sólo éxitos: año a año, 1959–2002 (in Spanish) (1st ed.). Spain: Fundación Autor-SGAE. ISBN 84-8048-639-2. 
  13. ^ (in German) "Top 100 Single-Jahrescharts – 1984". Archived from the original on May 9, 2015. . GfK Entertainment.
  14. ^ "I singoli più venduti del 1984" (in Italian). Hit Parade Italia. Creative Commons. Retrieved June 12, 2014. 
  15. ^ a b c "Schweizer Jahreshitparade 1984" (in German). Hitparade.ch. Hung Medien. Retrieved July 27, 2013. 
  16. ^ "TEC'S 25 Favourite Italo Disco Tracks". The Electricity Club. May 12, 2018. Retrieved June 6, 2018. 
  17. ^ "Laura Branigan – Self control". Mvdbase.com. Retrieved July 27, 2013. 
  18. ^ Shawhan, Jason (September 2, 2004). "Sic Transit Gloria: A fan laments the unsung loss of an '80s pop chanteuse". Nashville Scene. Retrieved July 27, 2013. 
  19. ^ "12th American Music Awards (presented in 1985)". Rock On The Net. Retrieved July 27, 2013. 
  20. ^ (in German) "Die offiziellen deutschen Singlecharts – 09.07.1984". Archived from the original on October 28, 2014. . Officialcharts.de. GfK Entertainment.
  21. ^ a b c d "Swisscharts.com – Laura Branigan – Self Control". Swiss Singles Chart. Retrieved July 27, 2013.
  22. ^ a b "SA Number 1s 1969 – 1989". Rock.co.za. Retrieved July 3, 2013. 
  23. ^ a b "The Irish Charts – Search Results – Self Control". Irish Singles Chart. Retrieved July 27, 2013.
  24. ^ a b "Official Singles Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved July 27, 2013.
  25. ^ "Schweizer Hitparade – Singles Top 75 – 21.10.1984". Hitparade.ch. Hung Medien. Retrieved October 12, 2013. 
  26. ^ "Johnny Carson". Retrieved July 27, 2013. 
  27. ^ "Marilyn McCoo Show 32-Guest Host Air Supply". TV.com. CBS Interactive. Retrieved July 27, 2013. 
  28. ^ "Laura Branigan/ Deniece Williams (video)". TV.com. CBS Interactive. Retrieved July 27, 2013. 
  29. ^ "Forum – ARIA Charts: Special Occasion Charts – Chart Positions Pre 1989 Part 3". Australian-charts.com. Hung Medien. Archived from the original on October 20, 2013. Retrieved July 27, 2013. 
  30. ^ "Austriancharts.at – Laura Branigan – Self Control" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40. Retrieved July 27, 2013.
  31. ^ "Ultratop.be – Laura Branigan – Self Control" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50. Retrieved July 27, 2013.
  32. ^ "Top RPM Adult Contemporary: Issue 6809." RPM. Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved May 12, 2015.
  33. ^ "Top RPM Singles: Issue 6758." RPM. Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved May 12, 2015.
  34. ^ "MusicSeek.info – UK, Eurochart, Billboard & Cashbox No.1 Hits". Archived from the original on June 14, 2006. . MusicSeek.info.
  35. ^ Nyman, Jake (2005). Suomi soi 4: Suuri suomalainen listakirja (in Finnish) (1st ed.). Helsinki: Tammi. ISBN 951-31-2503-3. 
  36. ^ "Lescharts.com – Laura Branigan – Self Control" (in French). Les classement single. Retrieved July 27, 2013.
  37. ^ "Offiziellecharts.de – Laura Branigan – Self Control". GfK Entertainment Charts. Retrieved July 27, 2013.
  38. ^ "Indice per Interprete: B" (in Italian). Hit Parade Italia. Creative Commons. Retrieved July 27, 2013. 
  39. ^ "Nederlandse Top 40 – Laura Branigan - Self Control" (in Dutch). Dutch Top 40. Retrieved July 27, 2013.
  40. ^ "Dutchcharts.nl – Laura Branigan – Self Control" (in Dutch). Single Top 100. Retrieved July 27, 2013.
  41. ^ "Charts.nz – Laura Branigan – Self Control". Top 40 Singles. Retrieved July 27, 2013.
  42. ^ "Norwegiancharts.com – Laura Branigan – Self Control". VG-lista. Retrieved July 27, 2013.
  43. ^ "SELF CONTROL – Laura Branigan" (in Polish). LP3. Retrieved July 27, 2013. 
  44. ^ "Swedishcharts.com – Laura Branigan – Self Control". Singles Top 100. Retrieved July 27, 2013.
  45. ^ "CASH BOX Top 100 Singles – Week ending JUNE 30, 1984". Archived from the original on September 2, 2012. . Cash Box magazine.
  46. ^ "Forum – ARIA Charts: Special Occasion Charts – Top 100 End of Year AMR Charts – 1980s". Australian-charts.com. Hung Medien. Archived from the original on October 6, 2014. Retrieved June 12, 2014. 
  47. ^ "Jahreshitparade 1984" (in German). Austriancharts.at. Hung Medien. Retrieved July 27, 2013. 
  48. ^ "Jaaroverzichten 1984" (in Dutch). Ultratop. Hung Medien. Retrieved June 12, 2014. 
  49. ^ "Top 100 Singles of 1984". RPM. Library and Archives Canada. January 5, 1985. 
  50. ^ "TOP – 1984" (in French). Top-france.fr. Retrieved June 12, 2014. 
  51. ^ (in German) "Jahrescharts – 1984". Archived from the original on October 28, 2014. . Officialcharts.de. GfK Entertainment.
  52. ^ "Top 100-Jaaroverzicht van 1984" (in Dutch). Dutch Top 40. Retrieved June 12, 2014. 
  53. ^ "Jaaroverzichten – Single 1984" (in Dutch). Single Top 100. Hung Medien. Retrieved June 12, 2014. 
  54. ^ "Top 20 Hit Singles of 1984". Rock.co.za. Retrieved July 3, 2013. 
  55. ^ "Top 100 Songs of 1984 – Billboard Year End Charts". Billboard. Bobborst.com. Retrieved July 27, 2013. 
  56. ^ "The CASH BOX Year-End Charts: 1984". Archived from the original on September 30, 2012. . Cash Box magazine.
  57. ^ "French single certifications – Laura Branigan – Self Control" (in French). InfoDisc.  Select LAURA BRANIGAN and click OK
  58. ^ "Les Singles en Or". InfoDisc. Archived from the original on July 14, 2014. Retrieved May 10, 2012. 
  59. ^ "Gold-/Platin-Datenbank (Laura Branigan; 'Self Control')" (in German). Bundesverband Musikindustrie. 
  60. ^ "British single certifications – Laura Branigan – Self Control". British Phonographic Industry.  Select singles in the Format field. Select Silver in the Certification field. Enter Self Control in the search field and then press Enter.
  61. ^ "Laura Branigan Back In Control South Africa CD album (CDLP) (139529)". Eil.com. Retrieved July 27, 2013. 
  62. ^ "Billboard Hot Dance Singles Sales". Billboard. 116 (41): 30. October 9, 2004. ISSN 0006-2510. 
  63. ^ "Ricky Martin Chart History (Hot Latin Songs)". Billboard. Retrieved January 15, 2016.
  64. ^ "Austriancharts.at – Royal Gigolos – Self Control" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40. Retrieved July 27, 2013.
  65. ^ "Danishcharts.com – Royal Gigolos – Self Control". Tracklisten. Retrieved July 27, 2013.
  66. ^ "Dutchcharts.nl – Royal Gigolos – Self Control" (in Dutch). Single Top 100. Retrieved July 27, 2013.
  67. ^ "Royal Gigolos: Self Control" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland. Retrieved July 27, 2013.
  68. ^ "Offiziellecharts.de – Royal Gigolos – Self Control". GfK Entertainment Charts. Retrieved July 27, 2013.
  69. ^ "Swisscharts.com – Royal Gigolos – Self Control". Swiss Singles Chart. Retrieved July 27, 2013.
  70. ^ "Danishcharts.com – Infernal – Self Control". Tracklisten. Retrieved July 27, 2013.
  71. ^ "Infernal: Self Control" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland. Retrieved July 27, 2013.
  72. ^ "The Irish Charts – Search Results – Self Control". Irish Singles Chart. Retrieved July 27, 2013.
  73. ^ "Official Singles Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved July 27, 2013.
  74. ^ "Viet itsekontrollin (= Self Control)". Fono.fi. Retrieved June 22, 2013. 
  75. ^ "Viet itsekontrollin (= Self Control)". Fono.fi. Retrieved June 22, 2013. 
  76. ^ "Ty máš tu moc fajn moc". Vondrackova.net. Agentura MM Praha. Retrieved June 22, 2013. 
  77. ^ "Self Control by Foolish Mind featuring Ellice". SecondHandSongs. Retrieved June 24, 2013. 
  78. ^ "DJ JamX & De Leon / Dumonde". Global-trance.co.uk. Retrieved June 24, 2013. 
  79. ^ "Finmix 2005". Jvvv.net. Retrieved June 22, 2013. 
  80. ^ "Ritorna Antoine Clamaran con il nuovo singolo: "Feel It" su Dream Beat". Digilander.lebero.it. Retrieved June 24, 2013. 
  81. ^ "Lescharts.com – Antoine Clamaran feat. Lulu Hugues – Feel It". Les classements single. Hung Medien. Retrieved June 24, 2013. 
  82. ^ "Self Control by Caramelle feat. Nitro". SecondHandSongs. Retrieved June 24, 2013. 
  83. ^ "Lescharts.com – Dim Chris feat. Thomas Gold – Self Control". Les classements single. Hung Medien. Retrieved June 21, 2013. 
  84. ^ "Sunday Girl/ Self Control". Banquet Records. Retrieved June 21, 2013. 
  85. ^ "Star-Produzent Jack White bringt 14-jährige Paulina Vereti groß raus". Schlagr.de (in German). Archived from the original on June 24, 2013. Retrieved June 21, 2013. 
  86. ^ "Naked Highway go NSFW with "Self Control"". Fourculture.com. Retrieved April 8, 2014.