Selonian language

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Native to Latvia and Lithuania
Extinct 16th century
Language codes
ISO 639-3 sxl
Glottolog None
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters. For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help:IPA.
Distribution of the Baltic tribes, c. 1200 CE (boundaries are approximate)

Selonian was a Baltic language spoken by the Eastern Baltic tribe of the Selonians, who until the 15th century lived in Selonia, a territory in southeastern Latvia and northeastern Lithuania.


During the 13th–15th centuries, the Selonians lost their language after being assimilated by the Lithuanians.[1]

Traces of the Selonian language can still be found in the territories the Selonians inhabited, especially in the accent and phonetics of the so-called Selonian dialect of the Latvian language. There are some traces of the Selonian language in the northeastern sub-dialects of the Aukštaitian dialect of the Lithuanian language, mostly in the lexicon.


It is considered that the Selonian language retained the Proto-Baltic phonemes *an, *en, *in, *un like the Lithuanian language, but like the Latvian language the Proto-Baltic *kʲ, *ɡʲ changed to c, dz, and the Proto-Baltic *š, *ž changed to s, z.[1]


  1. ^ a b Babaev, Cyril. "Selonian (Selian) language". Retrieved 2017-06-28.