Semigallian language

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Native to Latvia and Lithuania
Extinct 16th century
Language codes
ISO 639-3 xzm
Glottolog None
Distribution of the Baltic tribes, circa 1200 CE (boundaries are approximate).

Semigallian, or Zemgalian, is an extinct language of the Baltic language sub-family of the Indo-European languages.


It was spoken in the northern part of Lithuania and southern regions of Latvia in what is known as Semigallia. It is thought that it was extinct by the 16th century with the assimilation by the Latvians.[1] Semigallian is known only from references to it in documents and texts from before the 16th century.


Semigallian shares some phonological similarities to Curonian, and, to a lesser extent, Latvian. The Common Baltic /k//ɡ/ consonants became /c/, /d͡z/ in their soft varieties in Semigalian. All long vowels and diphthongs at the end of the word in Common Baltic were reduced to simple short vowels in Semigallian.[2]


  1. ^ "Zemgalian : Encyclopedia of the Languages of Europe : Blackwell Reference Online". Retrieved 2017-06-28. 
  2. ^ Babaev, Cyril. "Semigalian language". Retrieved 2017-06-28.