Seminole bat

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Seminole bat
The image depicts a Seminole bat in the hands of a researcher
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Chiroptera
Family: Vespertilionidae
Genus: Lasiurus
Species:
L. seminolus
Binomial name
Lasiurus seminolus
(Rhoads, 1895)
Lasiurus seminolus map.svg

The Seminole bat (Lasiurus seminolus) is a species of bat in the family Vespertilionidae.

Taxonomy[edit]

Lasiurini

Dasypterus

Aeorestes

L. blossevillii

L. frantzii

L. borealis

L. pfeifferi

L. seminolus

Relationship of L. seminolus within Lasiurus, based on an analysis of nuclear and mitochondrial DNA.[2]

The Seminole bat was first described in 1895 by Samuel N. Rhoads.[3] The holotype had been collected in Tarpon Springs, Florida in 1892 by William S. Dickinson. Rhoads placed it in the now-defunct genus Atalpha, identifying it as a subspecies of the eastern red bat with a scientific name of Atalpha borealis seminolus. In 1932, the name Lasiurus seminolus was applied to the taxon for the first time by Earl Lincoln Poole.[4]

Description[edit]

The Seminole bat is often confused with the red bat. This is due to the coloring of the Seminole bat, which is a mahogany color with a frosted look due to white tipped dorsal hairs.[4] Coloring is not sexually dimorphic, meaning that males and females are similar in color.[4] Average weight is around 12 grams with females being larger than males.[4]

Diet[edit]

Seminole bats are insectivores. Insectivores are animals that feed primarily on insects. They have been found to eat relatively large amount of Hymenoptera (ants, bees and wasps), Coleoptera (beetles), Lepidoptera (moths).[5] They have also been shown to eat smaller amounts of Homoptera (cicadas) and Diptera (flies).[5]

Distribution[edit]

The Seminole bat is found in the Southeastern United States. This includes Louisiana, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, South Carolina and parts of Texas, Tennessee, Arkansas and North Carolina. There are also records of Seminole bats as far as Mexico.[4] It is a migratory species, living along the Gulf Coast, in the Carolinas, and southern Arkansas during the winter. In the summer, they migrate as far north as Missouri and Kentucky.[6]

In 2015, it was documented for the first time in northwestern North Carolina.[7]

The bats prefer to live in forested areas. In winter months they are found to use leaf litter and Spanish moss as insulation in their roost sites.[8] Spanish moss is also thought to be an important factor in seminole bat environments year round. and is believed to be a limiting factor in distribution of these bats.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Solari, S. (2019). "Lasiurus seminolus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2019: e.T11353A22119113. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2019-1.RLTS.T11353A22119113.en.
  2. ^ Baird, Amy B.; Braun, Janet K.; Engstrom, Mark D.; Holbert, Ashlyn C.; Huerta, Maritza G.; Lim, Burton K.; Mares, Michael A.; Patton, John C.; Bickham, John W. (2017). "Nuclear and mtDNA phylogenetic analyses clarify the evolutionary history of two species of native Hawaiian bats and the taxonomy of Lasiurini (Mammalia: Chiroptera)". PLOS ONE. 12 (10): e0186085. Bibcode:2017PLoSO..1286085B. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0186085. PMC 5636129. PMID 29020097.
  3. ^ Rhoads, S. N. (1895). "Descriptions of new mammals from Florida and southern California". Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. 47: 32–37. JSTOR 4061938.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Wilkins, Kenneth (27 February 1987). "Lasiurus seminolus". Mammalian Species (280): 1–5. doi:10.2307/3504023. JSTOR 3504023.
  5. ^ a b Carter, Timothy C.; Menzel, Michael A.; Chapman, Brian R.; Miller, Karl V. (2004-01-01). "Partitioning of Food Resources by Syntopic Eastern Red (Lasiurus borealis), Seminole (L. seminolus) and Evening (Nycticeius humeralis) Bats". The American Midland Naturalist. 151 (1): 186–191. doi:10.1674/0003-0031(2004)151[0186:POFRBS]2.0.CO;2. ISSN 0003-0031.
  6. ^ Perry, Roger W (2018-10-22). "Migration and recent range expansion of Seminole bats (Lasiurus seminolus) in the United States". Journal of Mammalogy. doi:10.1093/jmammal/gyy135. ISSN 0022-2372.
  7. ^ Graeter, Gabrielle J.; Diggins, Corinne A.; Weeks, Kendrick C.; Clark, Mary K. (2015-03-23). "New Distribution Records for Bats in Northwestern North Carolina". Southeastern Naturalist. 14 (1): 98–105. doi:10.1656/058.014.0119. S2CID 85991972.
  8. ^ Hein, Cris D.; Castleberry, Steven B.; Miller, Karl V. (2008-11-01). "Male Seminole Bat Winter Roost-Site Selection in a Managed Forest". Journal of Wildlife Management. 72 (8): 1756–1764. doi:10.2193/2007-595. ISSN 0022-541X. S2CID 85576775.