Semira Adamu

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Semira Adamu
Semira Adamu.jpg
Born15 April 1978
Died22 September 1998
Cause of deathSuffocation
NationalityNigerian

Semira Adamu (15 April 1978 – 22 September 1998) was a 20-year-old Nigerian asylum seeker who was suffocated to death by two Belgian police officers on a aeroplane in Brussels, Belgium, during her forced deportation on September 22, 1998.[1] The police officers recorded video footage of themselves exchanging jokes as they pushed her head deep into a pillow for 20 minutes[2][3] with her hands and ankles handcuffed;[4] during which Adamu had stopped breathing for 7 to 8 minutes.[5] She died in the St Luc Hospital later the same day at 9:32pm.[2] When the court asked why so much force was used, one of the officers said that it was necessary "to avoid disturbing other passengers".[2][5]

Of the 9 police officers that surrounded Adamu on the plane set off for Togo during the sixth attempt at deporting her, 4 were convicted suspended sentences for involuntary murder in December 2003.[1][5] The chief police officer received a 14-month sentence, and 3 other officers were given 1-year sentences. A fifth police officer was acquitted. Undisclosed damages were paid by the Belgian state to Adamu's family as ordered by the court.[2][6]

Background[edit]

Adamu had fled Nigeria in March 1998 because she was forced to marry a 65-year-old man she did not know. He had already married four other women and allegedly killed one of them.[4] Adamu's intended destination was Berlin, but as the plane stopped-over at Zaventem, she was taken to the 127bis Detention Centre in Steenokkerzeel as a result of their safe third country rule on March 26, 1998. She was questioned there for the first time and was denied entry; after an appeal against this decision, a second interview decided to forcibly deport her.[2]

The Belgian authorities made 5 attempts to deport Adamu. Her lawyer stated that she was warned that any violence inflicted upon her "would be her own fault", and that she had feared for her own life. Adamu had become a cause célèbre and her situation led to demonstrations around Steenokkerzeel.[2] On the 20th of September, she appeared on television for a documentary on rejected refugees. In it, Adamu gave a detailed description about the 4th attempt to deport her:

"I was woken at 6:30a.m. and given twenty minutes to prepare for departure... When we arrived at the airport my hands and feet were bound and I was thrown into an isolation cell for over three hours. At 11:15 they forced me onto the plane. I began to scream and cry as I was surrounded by six gendarmes and two men from Sabena. The airline men pushed me around and one held a cushion to my face. He almost suffocated me. These men were supposed to accompany me all the way to Lome. Passengers intervened at this point, saying that they would get off the plane if the men did not let me go."[2]

Reactions[edit]

The announcement for Adamu's death led to grassroots protests in Belgium. A few hundred people surrounded the detention camp. Inmates went on hunger strikes.

This caused the Belgian deputy prime minister and home office minister Louis Tobback to resign.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Belgium: Semira Adamu's case an opportunity to further review expulsion procedures". www.amnesty.org.uk.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "Statewatch News online: Five police officers on trial over the death of Semira Adamu in 1998". www.statewatch.org.
  3. ^ Bates, Stephen (13 May 1999). "The hidden holocaust". The Guardian. Retrieved 13 January 2022.
  4. ^ a b Fair Trials admin (18 December 2019). "Belgium: Semira".{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  5. ^ a b c Osborn, Andrew (13 December 2003). "Belgian police guilty of deportation death". The Guardian. Retrieved 13 January 2022.
  6. ^ Four police officers convicted Archived 2011-09-27 at the Wayback Machine

External links[edit]