Semiramide (Vivaldi)

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Semiramide (RV 733) is a dramma per musica in three acts by Antonio Vivaldi composed to a libretto by Francesco Silvani [it].[1]

It was his ultimate work at the archducal theatre in Mantua, where Vivaldi was maestro di cappella from 1718 until 1720. The production started the young castrato Mariano Nicolini in the role of Oronte as well as the famous "prima donna" Anna Girò in the role of Semiramide, with Maria Maddalena Pieri, famous for her breeches roles, as Nino.[2][3] It was first performed during the carnival of 1732.[4][5] Only the libretto and individual arias have survived.[6]

The story of Semiramis was the subject of a play by Crébillon as well as of other operas by Porpora, Gluck, Rossini and numerous other composers.[7][8][9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Reinhard Strohm (2008). The Operas of Antonio Vivaldi. L.S. Olschki. p. 507. ISBN 978-88-222-5682-9.
  2. ^ "Maria Maddalena Pieri". quellusignolo.fr. Quell'usignolo. Retrieved 16 February 2020.
  3. ^ Sylvie Mamy (2011-06-08). Antonio Vivaldi. Fayard. p. 277. ISBN 978-2-213-66579-5.
  4. ^ Leone Allacci; Giovanni Cendoni; Apostolo Zeno (1755). Drammaturgia di Lione Allacci: accresciuta e continuata fino all'anno MDCCLV. Presso G. Pasquali. p. 708.
  5. ^ Félix Clément; Pierre Larousse (1999). Dictionnaire lyrique ou Histoire des opéras. Slatkine. p. 615. ISBN 978-2-05-101696-4.
  6. ^ "Semiramide". klassica.info. Klassika. Retrieved 16 February 2020.
  7. ^ Michael F. Robinson. "Semiramide riconosciuta (dramma per musica by Porpora) (Semiramis Recognized)". Grove Music Online. Oxford Music Online. Oxford University Press.
  8. ^ Jean Bottéro (1994). L'Oriente antico. Dai sumeri alla Bibbia. Edizioni Dedalo. p. 169. ISBN 978-88-220-0535-9.
  9. ^ George Jellinek (1994). History Through the Opera Glass: From the Rise of Caesar to the Fall of Napoleon. Pro/Am Music Resources. p. 340. ISBN 978-0-912483-90-0.