Semmelweis University

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Semmelweis University
Logo univsemmelweis.svg
Latin: Universitas Budapestinensis de Semmelweis nominata
MottoServamus Vitam Atque Servimus
Motto in English
Protecting And Serving Life
TypePublic
Established1769; 250 years ago (1769)
RectorBéla Merkely
Studentsabout 10,300 (in 2014)
Location,
CampusUrban
AffiliationsNCFMEA, EUA , WHO
Websitesemmelweis.hu

Semmelweis University (Hungarian: Semmelweis Egyetem) is a Hungarian state higher education institution in Budapest. Named after Ignác Semmelweis, it is the successor to the Medical University of Budapest and Semmelweis University of Medicine.

History[edit]

In 1769 Maria Theresa, Empress of Austria and Queen of Hungary, nationalized the Jesuit University of Nagyszombat and renamed it the Royal Hungarian University of Science. Within a few months she established its medical faculty, which eventually became the medical faculty of Semmelweis University in Budapest. It is the oldest medical faculty in Hungary.

In 1777 Joseph II moved the university from Nagyszombat to Buda and renamed it the Royal University of Buda. In 1784 he moved it to Pest and renamed it the Royal University of Hungary.

During the Hungarian Revolution of 1848, the university dropped the word "Royal," but in 1849 Franz Joseph I prevailed and renamed it the Imperial and Royal University of Pest. It was so named when Ignác Semmelweis joined the medical faculty in 1855 as professor of obstetrics. To prevent puerperal fever, Dr. Semmelweis insisted his students wash their hands in a solution of calcium hypochlorite, according to the protocol he had developed in Vienna. As in Vienna, however, few of his colleagues followed his advice. In 1861, during his tenure, the university was renamed the Hungarian Royal University of Science. Semmelweis worked there until 1865 when he died tragically, without recognition for his accomplishments.

After several more minor name changes, in 1945 the university was renamed Pázmány Péter University of Science, in honor of Péter Pázmány, the Jesuit founder of the original University of Nagyszombat. In 1950 the faculty of theology became independent as Pázmány Péter Catholic University, but legal succession from the original university was retained by the other faculties, which now became Eötvös Loránd University of Science. In 1951 the medical faculty became independent as the Medical University of Budapest, and by 1955 it had attached several hospitals and developed faculties of pharmacy and dentistry. In 1969 it was renamed Semmelweis University of Medicine, in belated honor of Ignác Semmelweis.

Semmelweis University of Medicine began offering medical courses taught in German in 1983, and in English in 1989. In 2000 Semmelweis University of Medicine merged with Imre Haynal University of Health Sciences and Budapest's University of Physical Education and was renamed just Semmelweis University. In 2010 Semmelweis University founded its Faculty of Health and Public Services. In 2014 its Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences resumed independent operation as the University of Physical Education. In 2017 András Pető College joined Semmelweis University as the András Pető Faculty of Conductive Education.

To commemorate the founding of its medical faculty, a portrait of Maria Theresa is displayed in Semmelweis University's Assembly Hall.[1][2]

Faculties[edit]

Semmelweis University Basic Medical Science Centre

The university has six faculties, which offer courses from undergraduate to doctorate level in Hungarian, English, and German.:[3]

  • Faculty of Dentistry
  • Faculty of Health and Public Service
  • Faculty of Health Sciences
  • Faculty of Medicine
  • Faculty of Pharmacy
  • András Pető Faculty of Conductive Education

It also has the Károly Rácz PhD Programs, which are divided into seven schools:

  • Theoretical and Translational Medicine
  • Clinical Medicine
  • Pharmaceutical Sciences
  • Mental Health Sciences
  • János Szentágothai Neuroscience
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pathological Sciences

Research[edit]

Semmelweis University has one of the biggest and best-furnished medical-biological collections in Hungary, including a quarter of a million books, and produces the greatest number of publications among the Hungarian universities.[citation needed] Semmelweis is noted for its pioneering research and innovation among the medical community around the globe.[4]

Medical curriculum[edit]

The program leading to the Doctor of Medicine degree consists of six years: two years of general medical studies, three years of clinical studies, and one year of a rotating internship. Semmelweis University seeks motivated candidates for the program with a solid background in biology and chemistry. In addition, students must pass an entrance exam in English. The application deadline is in May and the course starts in September. Entrance exams are arranged at several locations in Europe, Israel, North America, Asia, and Africa.[citation needed]

The first two years are pre-clinical and the last four years are based in the Semmelweis Clinics. The curriculum of the pre-clinical years consists of the core subjects like Anatomy, Histology & Embryology, Physiology, Biochemistry, Medical Chemistry and Biophysics. Elective subjects include an introduction to clinical medicine and medical profession at Semmelweis Hospitals.[citation needed]

Exams are organised in most subjects with 'Midterms', two in each subject, each semester. From mid December to the end of January and again from mid May to the start of July, this is a period called 'Exam Period' in which to complete Semi-Finals and Finals; One is at liberty to choose exam dates and schedules.[citation needed]

The university adheres to high levels of integrity and a traditional policy of mutual respect.[citation needed]

Accreditation, Ranking

University rankings
Global
ARWU World[5] 601-700 (2018)
THE World[6] 401-500 (2019)
USNWR World[7] 663 (2018)

The General Medicine program is listed by the WHO and it is recognized in EU nationals by all European Union countries without any licensing examinations. Semmelweis University is listed in the IMED / FAIMER directory and it is also recognised by the Medical Board of California, considered the gold standard for recognition in the USA.[8] In 2015, it was ranked in the 101-150 Medical Category in QS World University Rankings, is considered the best in Hungary and one of the best in Europe.[4]

International students[edit]

The university has around 10,000 students from 60 nations over five continents. Foreign students account for about 18% of the total community.[9] The majority of the international student body are from Germany, although numbers from Israel, Scandinavia, Ireland and Cyprus have consistently grown in recent years.[citation needed] International students enrolled in the English program are mostly from the EU, Norway, Ireland, Israel, Cyprus, Iran, Japan, Nigeria, Canada, South Korea, Sweden, Turkey, Germany, Spain and the USA.[citation needed] Many nationalities have their own student organisations and associations, such as British and Irish Students Association, the Norwegian SA and the North American SA.[citation needed] The vast majority of foreign students live in apartments on the 'Pest' side of the city, with easy connections to the four Metro Lines and close to amenities. Students in the first and second year take part in Hungarian language classes, making many students proficient in basic colloquial conversation by the end of the first semester.[citation needed]

Dormitories[edit]

The Semmelweis University has ample room for accommodation in its dormitories. The Faculty of Dentistry, Medicine, Pharmacy, and Health and Public Service have four dormitories. The Faculty of Health Sciences – which joined the University in 2000 – has its own two dormitories. The dormitories provide accommodation for students in rooms with 2 or 3 beds at a reasonable price (30 to 50 €/month[10]) and they are also close to the University departments.

Balassa János Dormitory[edit]

This is the biggest dormitory of the University, a 9-storey building in the Tömő utca close 500 meters away from the Klinikák metro station, which can accommodate around 500 students in its mostly 3-bed-rooms. All rooms are equipped with a fridge and a sink. Each story has a shared use kitchen, toilets, showers, and learning rooms. The dormitory also has a library, a laundry and a gym. In spring the traditional Balassa-days are organized.

Markusovszky Lajos Dormitory[edit]

This dormitory is on the Rezső square, just a few hundred meters away from the NET (Theoretical Sciences Block) building of the University and it has 3 stories where it accommodates around 400 students in 3-bed-rooms, which are equipped with frigdes. Each level shares a toilet and shower block as well as kitchens. The dormitory also has several learning rooms, a library, a gym, and a music studio.

Selye János Dormitory[edit]

This smaller dormitory is on the Üllői street close to the mean building of the University which accommodates about 60 students in 2- or 3-bed-rooms equipped with fridges.

Korányi Frigyes Professional Dormitory[edit]

This special dormitory in the Hársfa street provides accommodation for the best students of the University. The dormitory is one of several professional dormitories of Hungarian universities for outstanding students. Special entrance exam needs to be passed to get accepted; a minimum average grade of 4.0 (see Academic grading in Hungary for details) is required from students in each semester and to take part in the undergraduate scientific program (TDK) from the third academic year. Rooms have two beds and two rooms share a kitchen and a bathroom. First year students get lots of help from senior students in the form of organized consultations.

Health care[edit]

Semmelweis University is the largest health care institution in Hungary, with over 9,000 employees covering about 6% of the health care needs of the country’s population.[citation needed] The university is deeply involved in the patient care of the Greater Budapest region. Of its 3000 clinical beds, 75% take part in the regional medical care and some special outpatients' departments supply the teaching hospitals with patients needed for training.[citation needed]

Location[edit]

Semmelweis University does not have a campus and although some hospitals are clustered, most of its buildings are scattered across Budapest, mostly on the Pest side along line 3 of the Budapest metro:

  • Üllői út 26: Inner Clinical Block with the following university hospitals (departments):
  • Main Building with Rector's Office and Deans' offices
  • 1st Department of Pathology and Experimental Cancer Research
  • 2nd Department of Internal Medicine
  • Department of Dermatology, Venereal diseases and Cutaneous Oncology
  • Department of Ophthalmology (between 1908–1946: 1st Department of Ophthalmology; between 1946–2004: 2nd Department of Ophthalmology)
  • 1st Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Department of Transplantology and Surgery
  • Department of Pharmacognosy
  • Szentkirályi utca 47: Dental Clinics Center of the Faculty of Dentistry
  • Department of Orthodontics
  • Department of Paradontology
  • Department of Conservational Dentistry
  • Department of Restorative Dentistry
  • Department of Oral Diagnostics
  • Mária utca 52: Department of Maxillofacial Surgery and Stomatology
  • Hőgyes Endre utca 7–9: Faculty of Pharmacy departments
  • Department of Pharmaceutical Administration
  • Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry
  • Department of Pharmaceutical Technology
  • Department of Organic Chemistry
  • Üllői őt 22: Selye János Dormitory
  • Budapest, Tűzoltó utca 37–47: Basic Medical Science Center
  • Department of Biophysics
  • 1st Department of Physiology (Department of Physiology)
  • 2nd Department of Physiology (Institute of Human Physiology and Clinical Experimental Research)
  • 1st Department of Medical Chemistry (Department of Medical Chemistry, Molecular Biology and Pathobiochemistry)
  • 2nd Department of Medical Chemistry (Department of Medical Biochemistry)
  • Üllői út 93 (Tűzoltó utca 58): anatomy departments
  • 1st Department of Anatomy
  • 2nd Department of Anatomy
  • Department of Forensic Medicine
  • Budapest, Úllői út 78: Outer Clinical Block with the following university hospitals (departments):
  • 1st Department of Surgery
  • 1st Department of Internal Medicine
  • 2nd Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Department of Urology
  • Department of Psychiatry
  • Department of Neurology
  • Department of Otorhinolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery
  • former 1st Department of Ophthalmology
  • Tömő utca 39–41: Balassa János Dormitory
  • Nagyvárad tér 4: Nagyvárad tér Theoretical Block
  • Rezső tér 16: Markusovszky Lajos Dormitory

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Former Names of Semmelweis University". Semmelweis.hu. Retrieved 2018-04-08.
  2. ^ "Detailed History Semmelweis University". Semmelweis.hu. Retrieved 2018-04-08.
  3. ^ "Faculties | Semmelweis University". Semmelweis.hu. Retrieved 2016-08-22.
  4. ^ a b "QS World University Rankings by Subject 2015 - Medicine". Top Universities. Retrieved 2016-08-22.
  5. ^ "ARWU World Top 500 Candidates 2018". ShanghaiRanking. Retrieved 2018-12-06.
  6. ^ "World University Rankings 2019 - Semmelweis University". Times Higher Education (THE). Retrieved 2018-12-06.
  7. ^ "Best Global Universities 2018". U.S. News Education (USNWR). ). Retrieved 2018-12-06.
  8. ^ "Medical School Updates" (PDF). Who.int. Retrieved 2016-08-22.
  9. ^ "The University | Semmelweis University". Semmelweis.hu. Retrieved 2016-08-22.
  10. ^ "Kollégiumi díjak 2015/16-os tanév | Hallgatói Önkormányzat". Semmelweis.hu. Retrieved 2016-08-22.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 47°29′14″N 19°04′02″E / 47.48722°N 19.06722°E / 47.48722; 19.06722