Sempre Vivas National Park

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Sempre Vivas National Park
Parque Nacional das Sempre-Vivas
IUCN category II (national park)
A Casa Amarela.jpg
Yellow house in the park
Map showing the location of Sempre Vivas National Park
Map showing the location of Sempre Vivas National Park
Nearest city Bocaiúva, Minas Gerais
Coordinates 17°48′18″S 43°45′50″W / 17.805°S 43.764°W / -17.805; -43.764Coordinates: 17°48′18″S 43°45′50″W / 17.805°S 43.764°W / -17.805; -43.764
Area 124,154 hectares (306,790 acres)
Designation National park
Created 13 December 2002
Administrator ICMBio

Sempre Vivas National Park (Portuguese: Parque Nacional das Sempre-Vivas is a national park in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Location[edit]

The park is in the Cerrado biome. It covers 124,154 hectares (306,790 acres). It was created on 13 December 2002 and is administered by the Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation.[1] It covers parts of the municipalities of Bocaiúva, Buenópolis, Diamantina and Olhos-d'Água in Minais Gerais.[2]

Environment[edit]

Altitudes range from 650 to 1,525 metres (2,133 to 5,003 ft). The park is in the Serras do Espinhaço Meridional. It forms part of the watershed between the Jequitinhonha River and São Francisco River, which it feeds from about 600 springs. Average annual rainfall is 1,200 millimetres (47 in). Temperatures range from 5 to 32 °C (41 to 90 °F) with an average of 20 °C (68 °F).[2]

The park has well-preserved examples of varied types of vegetation including cerrado woodland and fields, seasonal semi-deciduous forest, swamp forest, streams, lagoons and riparian vegetation. These support a wide range of plant species. There are four endemic species of amphibians: Bokermannohyla saxicola, Lanceback Treefrog (Scinax curicica), Pseudopaludicola mineira and Thoropa megatympanum. There are two endemic bird species: hyacinth visorbearer (Augastes scutatus) and grey-backed tachuri (Polystictus superciliaris).[2]

Conservation[edit]

The park is classified as IUCN protected area category II (national park). It has the objectives of preserving natural ecosystems of great ecological relevance and scenic beauty, enabling scientific research, environmental education, outdoors recreation and eco-tourism.[2] Protected species include the maned wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus), cougar (Puma concolor), ocelot (Leopardus pardalis), giant anteater (Myrmecophaga tridactyla) and giant armadillo (Priodontes maximus).[1]

Notes[edit]

Sources[edit]