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The Senate (French: Sénat) is the upper house of Haiti's bicameral legislature, the National Assembly. The lower house of the National Assembly is the Chamber of Deputies. The Senate consists of thirty seats, with three members from each of the ten administrative departments. Prior to the creation of the Nippes Department in 2003, there were twenty-seven seats. Senators are elected by popular vote to six-year terms, with one-third elected every two years. There are no term limits for Senators; they may be re-elected indefinitely.
After the elections of 2000, twenty-six of the then twenty-seven seats were held by Jean-Bertrand Aristide's Fanmi Lavalas party. The Senate was not in session following the overthrow of Aristide's government in February 2004. An interim government was put in place following the rebellion, and the remaining Senators were not recognised during that time. The Senate was re-established and elections were held on 21 April 2006. The next elections are scheduled to occur in 2008, when one-third of the Senate seats will be open.
Currently, the Senate only have 10 members, because the elections to replace one-third of the senators in 2013 were delayed indefinitely, and other third of the Senate finished their term in January 2015. In the 2015 parliamentary elections these two-thirds are going to be filled with new elected members, completing the 30 senators.
|Front for Hope (Fwon Lespwa/Front de l'Espoir)||768,487||18.95||13|
|Rally of Progressive National Democrats (Rassemblement des Démocrates Nationaux Progressistes)||433,438||10.69||1|
|Fusion of Haitian Social Democrats (Fusion des Sociaux-Démocrates Haïtiens)||400,852||9.89||4|
|Struggling People's Organization (Oganizasyon Pèp Kap Lité)||243,047||5.99||3|
|Christian National Union for the Reconstruction of Haiti (Union Nationale Chrétienne pour la Reconstruction d’Haïti)||174,757||4.31||2|
|L'Artibonite in Action (Latibonit an Aksyon / L’Artibonite en Action)||110,775||2.73||2|
|Democratic Alliance Party (Alyans/Alliance Démocratique)||247,361||6.10||1|
|Christian Movement for a New Haiti (Mouvement Chrétien pour une Nouvelle Haïti)||199,711||4.93||0|
|Mobilization for Haitian Progress (Mobilisation pour le Progrès Haïtien)||149,282||3.68||0|
|Justice for Peace and Development (Justice pour la Paix et le Développement)||134,437||3.32||0|
|National Reconstruction Front (Front pour la Reconstruction Nationale)||94,600||2.33||0|
|Broad Centre Right Front (Grand Front Centre Droit)||84,327||2.08||0|
|Independent Movement for National Reconciliation (Mouvement Indépendant pour la Réconciliation Nationale)||74,895||1.85||1|
|Source: E-polityka, Conseil Électoral Provisoire|
List of Senate Presidents
- "Haiti". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. 2006-11-14. Retrieved 2006-11-17.
- Schutt-Ainé, Patricia; Staff of Librairie Au Service de la Culture (1994). Haiti: A Basic Reference Book. Miami, Florida: Librairie Au Service de la Culture. p. 167. ISBN 0-9638599-0-0.
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