|50th Haitian legislature|
National seal of Haiti
New session started
|14 January 2016|
Unity: 1 seat
KONA: 1 seat
OPL: 1 seat
Verite: 3 seats
KID: 3 seats
Pitit Desalin: 1 seat
LIDE: 1 seat
Pont: 1 seat
Fanmi Lavalas: 1 seat
PHTK: 6 seats
AAA: 1 seat
Lide: 1 seat
Vacant: 9 seats
Length of term
|This article is part of a series on the|
|Politics of Haiti|
The Senate (French: Sénat) is the upper house of Haiti's bicameral legislature, the National Assembly. The lower house of the National Assembly is the Chamber of Deputies. The Senate consists of thirty seats, with three members from each of the ten administrative departments. Prior to the creation of the department of Nippes in 2003, there were twenty-seven seats. Senators are elected by popular vote to six-year terms, with one-third elected every two years. There are no term limits for Senators; they may be re-elected indefinitely.
After the elections of 2000, twenty-six of the then twenty-seven seats were held by Jean-Bertrand Aristide's Fanmi Lavalas party. The Senate was not in session following the overthrow of Aristide's government in February 2004. An interim government was put in place following the rebellion, and the remaining Senators were not recognised during that time. The Senate was re-established and elections were held on 21 April 2006. The next elections were scheduled to occur in 2008, when one-third of the Senate seats was opened.
In 2015, the Senate was reduced to only 10 members and the chamber of deputies was closed because the elections to replace one-third of the senators and all of the deputies in 2013 were delayed indefinitely causing senators and deputies to finish their term in January 2015 without any replacement. This led to a dysfunctional National assembly. In the 2015 parliamentary elections these two-thirds were to be filled with new elected members, completing the 30 senators.
Haitian parliamentary elections, 2015
|1st Round||2nd Round||Total|
|Konvansyon Inite Demokratik (KID)||0||3||3|
|Haitian Tèt Kale Party (PHTK)||0||6||6|
|Struggling People's Organization (OPL)||0||1||1|
|Fanmi Lavalas (FL)||0||1||1|
|Haiti in Action (AAA)||1||0||1|
|Platfom Pitit Desalin||0||1||1|
|Ligue Dessalinienne (LIDE)||1||0||1|
|Seats not awarded yet||9|
|Seats not up in 2015 elections||9|
|Sources: , , |
List of Senate Presidents
This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook website https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html.
- "Haiti". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. 2006-11-14. Retrieved 2006-11-17.
- Schutt-Ainé, Patricia (1994). Haiti: A Basic Reference Book. Miami, Florida: Librairie Au Service de la Culture. p. 167. ISBN 0-9638599-0-0.
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