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politics and government of
The upper house of the Parliament of Rwanda (Kinyarwanda: Inteko Ishinga Amategeko; French: Parlement) is the Senate (Sena/Sénat). The Senate has 26 members elected or appointed for eight-year terms: 12 elected by provincial and sectoral councils, 8 appointed by the President of the Republic to ensure the representation of historically marginalized communities, 4 by the Forum of political parties, and 2 elected by the staff of the universities. Additionally, former presidents can request to become a member of the Senate.
The Senate was established in 2003.
|Name||Took office||Left office||Notes|
|Vincent Biruta||August 2003||October 2011|||
|Jean Damascène Ntawukuliryayo||10 October 2011||14 October 2014|||
|Bernard Makuza||14 October 2014||Incumbent|||
- Official website 
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