Argentine Senate

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Argentine National Senate
Senado de la Nación Argentina
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Leadership
Gabriela Michetti, PRO
Since 10 December 2015
Federico Pinedo, PRO
Since 3 December 2015
Miguel Ángel Pichetto, PJ-FPV
Since 10 December 2001
Ángel Rozas, UCR
Since 03 December 2015
Structure
Seats 72 (list)
SenadoArgentina2016hoy.svg
Political groups

Coalition government

Opposition groups

Elections
Last election
25 October 2015
Meeting place
Michelle Bachelet at the Argentine Senate.jpg
Senate Chamber, Argentine Congress
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Website
www.senado.gov.ar
The Alfredo Palacios Senate Office Building

The Argentine Senate (Spanish: Honorable Senado de la Nación Argentina) is the upper house of the Argentine National Congress.

Overview[edit]

The National Senate was established by the Argentine Confederation on July 29, 1854, pursuant to Articles 46 to 54 of the 1853 Constitution.[1] There are 72 members: three for each province and three for the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires. The number of senators per province was raised from two to three following the 1994 amendment of the Argentine Constitution, and the change took effect following the May 14, 1995, general elections.

Senators are elected to six-year terms by direct election on a provincial basis, with the party with the most votes being awarded two of the province's senate seats and the second-place party receiving the third seat. Historically, Senators were indirectly elected to nine-year terms by each provincial legislature. These provisions were abrogated by a 1994 constitutional amendment, and direct elections to the Senate took effect in 2001. Currently one-third of the members are elected every two years. One-third of the provinces hold senatorial elections every two years; there are no term limits. The Senate is presided over by the Vice President of the Republic, who has the casting vote in the event of ties.

The Senate must obtain quorum to deliberate, this being an absolute majority. It has the power to approve bills passed by the Chamber of Deputies, call for joint sessions with the Lower House or special sessions with experts and interested parties, and submit bills for the president's signature; bills introduced in the Senate must, in turn, be approved by the Lower House for their submittal to the president. The Senate must introduce any changes to federal revenue sharing policies, ratify international treaties, approve changes to constitutional or federal criminal laws, as well as confirm or impeach presidential nominees to the cabinet, the judiciary, the armed forces, and the diplomatic corps, among other federal posts.[2]

There are twenty-four standing committees made up of fifteen members each, namely:[2]

  • Agreements (confirmation of federal nominees)
  • Constitutional Affairs
  • Foreign Affairs and Worship
  • Justice and Criminal Affairs
  • General Legislation
  • Budget and Finance
  • Administrative and Municipal Affairs
  • National Defense
  • Domestic Security and Drug Trafficking
  • National Economy and Investment
  • Industry and Trade
  • Regional Economies, Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises
  • Labor and Social Security
  • Agriculture, Cattle Raising and Fishing
  • Education, Culture, Science and Technology
  • Rights and Guarantees
  • Mining, Energy and Fuels
  • Health and Sports
  • Infrastructure, Housing and Transport
  • Systems, Media and Freedom of Speech
  • Environment and Human Development
  • Population and Human Development
  • Federal Revenue Sharing
  • Tourism.

Requirements[edit]

According to Section 55 of the Argentine Constitution, candidates for the Argentine Senate must:

  • be at least 30 years old
  • have been a citizen of Argentina for six years
  • be native to the province of his office, or have been a resident of that province for two years.

Composition [3][edit]

See List of current members of the Argentine Senate
Political Party Seats
Frente para la Victoria 39
Unión Cívica Radical 8
Frente Pro 6
Partido Justicialista La Pampa 2
Partido Justicialista San Luis 2
Movimiento Popular Neuquino 2
Federalismo y Liberación 1
Frente Cívico y Social de Catamarca 1
Frente Popular 1
Frente Progresista-CCARI 1
Generación para un Encuentro Nacional 1
Justicialista 8 de Octubre 1
Pares 1
Producción y Trabajo 1
Proyecto Sur-UNEN 1
Santa Fe Federal 1
Chubut Somos Todos 1
Movimiento Popular Fueguino 1
Unión por Córdoba 1

2011 election[edit]

Senate leadership[edit]

The titular President of the Senate is the Vice President of Argentina. However, day to day leadership of the Senate is exercised by the Provisional President.

Current leadership positions include:

Title Officeholder Caucus Province
President of the Senate Gabriela Michetti Republican Proposal  Autonomous City of Buenos Aires
Provisional President Federico Pinedo Republican Proposal  Autonomous City of Buenos Aires
Vice President Gerardo Zamora Civic Front for Santiago  Santiago del Estero
First Vice President Juan Carlos Marino Radical Civic Union  La Pampa
Second Vice President Carlos Reutemann Republican Proposal  Santa Fe
Parliamentary Secretary Juan Pedro Tunessi
Administrative Secretary Helio Rebot
Majority Leader Miguel Ángel Pichetto Front for Victory  Río Negro (Argentina)
Minority Leader Ángel Rozas Radical Civic Union  Chaco

[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°36′38″S 58°23′28″W / 34.6105°S 58.3910°W / -34.6105; -58.3910