Senate of Gabon

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The Senate (Sénat) is the upper house of the Parliament of Gabon. It has 102 members, elected for a six-year term in single-seat constituencies by local and départemental councillors. Beginning with the 2009 election, some constituencies elect two senators.

The 1991 Constitution provided for the establishment of the Senate; previously the legislature had consisted of a unicameral National Assembly. The Senate was not actually created until 1997, when an election was held to fill the seats in the upper house.[1]

The first Senate president was Georges Rawiri (1932-2006), a long-time national political figure and close ally of Omar Bongo. He served in this position until his death in 2006.

He was replaced by René Radembino Coniquet, also a member of the Myéné ethnic group.

A Senate election was held on 18 January 2009. The ruling Gabonese Democratic Party won a large majority of seats.[2] On this occasion, the number of senators was increased from 91 to 102. Following the election, Rose Francine Rogombé was elected as President of the Senate.

Elections[edit]

Party Seats
1997 2003 2009 2014
Gabonese Democratic Party 52 67 75 81
National Woodcutters' Rally – Rally for Gabon 19 8 6 0
Gabonese Progress Party 4 1 0 0
Democratic and Republican Alliance 3 3 1 1
Social Democratic Party 0 1 2 2
People's Unity Party 1 0
Union of the Gabonese People 1 1 2 1
Gabon of the Future 1 0 0
Common Movement for Development 1
Circle of Liberal Reformers 1 4 2 7
Rally for Democracy and Progress 1 1
Independent Centre Party of Gabon 0 1 2 1
Gabonese Union for Democracy and Development 3
Independents 8 3 9 7
Total 91 91 102 100
Source: DSG (1997, 2002), IPU (2009), IPU (2014)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ David E. Gardinier and Douglas A. Yates, Historical Dictionary of Gabon (third edition, 2006), Scarecrow Press, page 65.
  2. ^ "Gabon: Elections sénatoriales 2009: le PDG en tête des résultats", Gabonews, 19 January 2009 (French).

External links[edit]