Senate of Kenya

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The Senate
12th Parliament
Coat of arms of Kenya (Official).svg
Type
Type
History
Founded1963 and 2013
New session started
31 August 2017 (2017-08-31)
Leadership
Speaker
Ken Lusaka, Jubilee
since 31 August 2017 [1]
Deputy Speaker
Margaret Kamar, Jubilee
since 11 May 2020 [2]
Majority Leader
Samuel Poghisio, KANU
since 11 May 2020[3]
Minority Leader
James Orengo, NASA
since 20 March 2018
Majority Whip
Kimani Wamatangi, Jubilee
since February 9 2021
Structure
Seats67
Kenya Senate 2017.svg
Political groups
Government (34)[4]
  Jubilee (34)
Opposition (33)[4]
  National Super Alliance (28)[4]
  Independent (1)[4]
  Other Parties (4)
Length of term
5 years
Elections
47 First Past the Post, 20 co-opted, 1 ex-officio
Last election
8 August 2017
Meeting place
Kenyan parliament.jpg
Parliament Buildings,[5] Nairobi, Kenya
Website
Official website

The Senate is the upper house of the Parliament of Kenya. The Senate was first established as part of Kenya's 1963 Constitution. After being abolished in 1966, the Senate was re-established by the 2010 Constitution.

First Senate, 1963–1966[edit]

Kenya's 1963 Constitution established a Senate that consisted of 41 senators elected for six years, with one-third of the members retiring every two years. Timothy Chokwe served as the first speaker of the Senate.[6] The Senate was abolished in 1966, when its membership was combined with that of the House of Representatives to form a unicameral legislature, the National Assembly.

Members of the first Senate (1963 - 1966)[edit]

Constituency Senator Party
1 Mombasa District S. R. D. Msechu
2 Kwale District Rocky Mchinga
3 Kilifi District H. J. Malingi
4 Tana-River District Martin T. Jilo
5 Lamu District Msallam M. Ali
6 Taita-Taveta District W. K. Mengo
7 Garissa District Abdi Haji Ahmed
8 Wajir District Noor Adhan Hassan
9 Mandera District Mohamed Nur Hussein
10 Marsabit District S. A. Galgallo
11 Isiolo District Mkubito Lawi
12 Meru District Julius Muthamia
13 Embu District S. R. Nyaga
14 Kitui District Permenas Nzilu Munyasia
15 Machakos District J. M. Nthula
16 Nyandarua District Gideon G. Kago
17 Nyeri District James P. Mathenge
18 Kirinyaga District R. N. Kikunju
19 Fort Hall District Tadeo Mwaura
20 Kiambu District J. M. Koinange
21 Thika District J. M. Njonjo
22 Turkana District J. H. Robaro
23 West-Pokot District E. Porriot Kassachon
24 Samburu J. Lenayiarra Kanite KADU
25 Trans-Nzoia District William Wamalwa
26 Uasin-Gishu District E. M. Daliti
27 Elgeyo-Marakwet District J. K. Arap Chemjor
28 Nandi District G. N. Kalya
29 Baringo District William Kiptui Rotich
30 Laikipia District Tom Kariuki Gichohi
31 Nakuru District W. Sijeyo
32 Narok District P. T. Ole Lemein
33 Kajiado District G. K. Ole Kipury
34 Kericho District James K Arap Soi
35 Kakamega District A. R. Tsalwa
36 Bungoma District Nathan W. Munoko
37 Busia District . J. W. Machio
42 Central Nyanza District D. O. Makasembo
39 South Nyanza District S. F. Mbeo-Onyango
40 Kisii District J. K. Kebaso
41 Nairobi Extra-Regional Area C. K. Lubembe KANU

Modern Senate, 2013–present[edit]

The 2013 Kenya Senate elections took place on 4 March 2013.[7] Under the new constitution, which was passed during the 2010 referendum, the 2013 general election was the first to include the election of Senators representing the 47 newly created counties. They were also the first general elections run by the Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission. According to their share of elected seats, the political parties nominated an additional 16 women. Additional nominations were made for two members representing the youth and two members representing persons with disabilities. The speaker, who is an ex officio member, was elected by the senators sworn in on the first sitting of the Senate.

Powers[edit]

The powers and role of the Senate in Kenya are as follows:[8]

  • Empowered to represent the interests of the counties and their governments
  • Participates in law-making by considering, debating and approving bills concerning counties
  • Determines allocation of national revenue among counties.
  • Has powers of impeachment over the president, deputy president, county governor, and deputy governors

Members of the Senate from 2017 to 2022[edit]

Elected senators[edit]

County
number
County Senator Party Coalition
1 Mombasa Mohamed Faki Mwinyihaji ODM NASA
2 Kwale Boy Issa Juma ODM NASA
3 Kilifi Stewart Madzayo ODM NASA
4 Tana-River Golich Juma Wario JP Jubilee
5 Lamu Anuar Loitiptip JP Jubilee
6 Taita-Taveta Johnes Mwashushe Mwaruma ODM NASA
7 Garissa Abdulkadir Haji JP Jubilee
8 Wajir Abdullahi Ibrahim Ali JP Jubilee
9 Mandera Mohamed Maalim Mahamud JP Jubilee
10 Marsabit Godana Hargura JP Jubilee
11 Isiolo Adan Dullo Fatuma PDR Jubilee
12 Meru Mithika Linturi JP Jubilee
13 Tharaka Nithi Kithure A. Kindiki JP Jubilee
14 Embu Peter Ndwiga JP Jubilee
15 Kitui Enock Wambua WDM-K NASA
16 Machakos Boniface Mutinda Kabaka WDM-K NASA
17 Makueni Mutula Kilonzo, Jr. WDM-K NASA
18 Nyandarua Paul Githiomi Mwangi JP Jubilee
19 Nyeri Ephraim Maina JP Jubilee
20 Kirinyaga Charles Kibiru JP Jubilee
21 Murang'a Irungu Kang'ata JP Jubilee
22 Kiambu Kimani Wamatangi JP Jubilee
23 Turkana Malachy Charles Ekal Imana ODM NASA
24 West-Pokot Samuel Poghisio KANU Jubilee
25 Samburu Steve Ltumbesi Lelegwe JP Jubilee
26 Trans-Nzoia Michael Maling’a Mbito JP Jubilee
27 Uasin-Gishu Margaret Kamar JP Jubilee
28 Elgeyo-Marakwet Kipchumba Murkomen JP Jubilee
29 Nandi Samson Cherarkey JP Jubilee
30 Baringo Gideon Moi KANU Jubilee
31 Laikipia John Nderitu JP Jubilee
32 Nakuru Susan Kihika JP Jubilee
33 Narok Olekina Ledama ODM NASA
34 Kajiado Phillip Salau Mpaayei JP Jubilee
35 Kericho Aaron Cheruiyot JP Jubilee
36 Bomet Christopher Langat JP Jubilee
37 Kakamega Cleophas Malala ANC NASA
38 Vihiga George Khaniri ANC NASA
39 Bungoma Moses Wetangula FORD-KENYA NASA
40 Busia Amos Wako ODM NASA
41 Siaya James Orengo ODM NASA
42 Kisumu Frederick Outa Otieno ODM NASA
43 Homa Bay Moses Otieno Kajwang ODM NASA
44 Migori Ochilo Ayacko ODM NASA
45 Kisii Sam Ongeri ODM NASA
46 Nyamira Kennedy Mong'are Okong'o ODM NASA
47 Nairobi Sakaja Johnson JP Jubilee

Source: Kenyan Parliament (2020)[9]

Senate by-election[edit]

County
number
County Former incumbent Party Elected Party Date
1 Migori County Ben Oluoch Okello ODM George Ochillo Ayacko ODM October 2017

Members of the senate between 2013 and 2017[edit]

The Senate consists of 47 members directly elected by their counties, 16 women nominated by the political parties according to their relative strength in the Senate elections, two members to represent the youth, and two members to represent persons with disabilities.

Elected senators[edit]

County
number
County Senator Party Coalition
1 Mombasa Hassan Omar WDM-K CORD
2 Kwale Issa Juma Boy ODM CORD
3 Kilifi Stewart Madzayo ODM CORD
4 Tana-River Juma Wario FPK CORD
5 Lamu Abu Chiaba TNA Jubilee
6 Taita-Taveta Dan Mwazo ODM CORD
7 Garissa Yusuf Haji TNA Jubilee
8 Wajir Abdirahman Ali ODM CORD
9 Mandera Billow Kerow URP Jubilee
10 Marsabit Godana Hargura ODM CORD
11 Isiolo Mohammed Kuti URP Jubilee
12 Meru Kiraitu Murungi APK Jubilee
13 Tharaka Nithi Kithure Kindiki TNA Jubilee
14 Embu Lenny Kivuti APK Jubilee
15 Kitui David Musila WDM-K CORD
16 Machakos Johnstone Muthama WDM-K CORD
17 Makueni Mutula Kilonzo, Jr. WDM-K CORD
18 Nyandarua Muriuki Karue TNA Jubilee
19 Nyeri Mutahi Kagwe NARC Jubilee
20 Kirinyaga Daniel Karaba TNA Jubilee
21 Murang'a Kembi Gitura TNA Jubilee
22 Kiambu Paul Kimani TNA Jubilee
23 Turkana John Munyes FORD-KENYA CORD
24 West-Pokot John Krop Lonyangapuo KANU Jubilee
25 Samburu Sammy Leshore URP Jubilee
26 Trans-Nzoia Henry Ndiema FORD-KENYA CORD
27 Uasin-Gishu Isaac Melly URP Jubilee
28 Elgeyo-Marakwet Kipchumba Murkomen URP Jubilee
29 Nandi Stephen Sang URP Jubilee
30 Baringo Gideon Moi KANU Amani
31 Laikipia Geoffrey Gitahi Kariuki TNA Jubilee
32 Nakuru Susan Kihika TNA Jubilee
33 Narok Stephen Kanyinge ole Ntutu URP Jubilee
34 Kajiado Peter Mositet TNA Jubilee
35 Kericho Charles Keter URP Jubilee
36 Bomet Wilson Lessan URP Jubilee
37 Kakamega Bonny Khalwale UDF Amani
38 Vihiga George Khaniri UDF Amani
39 Bungoma Moses Wetangula FORD-KENYA CORD
40 Busia Amos Wako ODM CORD
41 Siaya James Orengo ODM CORD
42 Kisumu Peter Anyang' Nyong'o ODM CORD
43 Homa Bay Moses Kajwang ODM CORD
44 Migori Wilfred Machage ODM CORD
45 Kisii Chris Obure ODM CORD
46 Nyamira Kennedy Mong'are Okong'o FORD-KENYA CORD
47 Nairobi Gideon Mbuvi TNA Jubilee

Women nominated to the senate[edit]

# Senator Party
1 Beatrice Elachi APK
2 Catherine Mukite Nobwola FORD-KENYA
3 Janet Ongera ODM
4 Elizabeth Ongoro Masha ODM
5 Halima Abdille Mohamud ODM
6 Agnes Nzani (Dr.) ODM
7 Beth Wambui Mugo TNA
8 Emma Mbura Getrude TNA
9 Naisula Lesuuda TNA
10 Joy Adhiambo Gwendo TNA
11 Martha Wangari UDF
12 Mshenga Mvita Kisasa URP
13 Chelule Liza URP
14 Adan Dullo Fatuma URP
15 Judith Achieng Sijeny WDM-K
16 Zipporah Jepchirchir Kittony KANU

Members nominated to senate to represent youth[edit]

# Name Party
1 Kanainza Nyongesa Daisy ODM
2 Hosea Onchwangi TNA

Members nominated to senate to represent people with disabilities[edit]

# Name Party
1 Ben Njoroge TNA
2 Godliver Nanjira Omondi ODM

Summary by coalition and party between 2013 and 2017[edit]

These summaries are based on post-election coalitions as reported by the press.

Coalition Party Elected
senators
Nominated
senators
Total
Jubilee TNA 11 6 17
URP 9 3 12
NARC 1 1
Total 21 9 30
Amani
Jubilee-affiliated
KANU 2 1 3
UDF 2 1 3
Total 4 2 6
Jubilee-affiliated APK 2 1 3
Total 2 1 3
CORD ODM 10 6 16
FORD-KENYA 4 1 5
WDM-K 4 1 5
FPK 1 1
Total 19 8 27
Vacant 1 0 1
Total 47 20 67

Committees[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Former Bungoma Governor Ken Lusaka elected Senate Speaker".
  2. ^ "Poghisio elected Senate majority leader in new changes".
  3. ^ "Kenya's president purges Senate of deputy's allies as rift widens".
  4. ^ a b c d "FACTSHEET: Kenya's new parliament by numbers".
  5. ^ "Senators finally occupy refurbished chambers".
  6. ^ The Europa World Year Book 1965, p. 638
  7. ^ "Kenya to hold polls in March 2013, says elections body". The Citizen. 18 March 2012. Retrieved 2 September 2012.
  8. ^ "The Functions and Role of the Senate in Kenya". AfroCave. 18 September 2018. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  9. ^ "Members of the Senate | The Kenyan Parliament Website". www.parliament.go.ke. Retrieved 25 May 2020.


Coordinates: 1°17′24″S 36°49′12″E / 1.2899°S 36.8200°E / -1.2899; 36.8200