Senatorial districts of the Philippines

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Senatorial districts
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This article is part of a series on the
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The Senatorial districts of the Philippines were the representations of the provinces of the Philippines in the Philippine Senate from 1916 to 1935.

History[edit]

The enactment of the Philippine Autonomy Act (popularly known as "Jones Law") in August 1916 by the United States Congress provided for the creation of a bicameral legislature consisting of a lower chamber (House of Representatives) and an upper chamber (Senate). Until then the Philippine Commission held the executive power and some legislative powers over the American colony.

The system of government of the Philippines in its early years of transition to democratic self-government was deliberately structured to emulate the American model. The Philippines thus followed the American system of electing the members of the 24-seat senate by district.

The districts were organized and numbered in a roughly north-south fashion, much like the present administrative regions. The first eleven districts were composed of established provinces, while the twelfth was composed of the provinces of the Luzon interior and much of Mindanao — both of which were never fully administered by the old Spanish colonial government and designated by American authorities as "Non-Christian" areas.

The first to eleventh districts elected two senators each by popular vote. The two senators from the twelfth district were appointed by the U.S. Governor-General. The setup lasted until the establishment of the Commonwealth of the Philippines in 1935, when the bicameral legislature was abolished, as the 1935 Constitution provided only for a unicameral National Assembly. However, when the Constitution was amended in 1940 to re-establish a bicameral Congress, members of the Senate had to be voted at-large, thereby effectively abolishing the district system.

First District[edit]

Provinces: Batanes, Cagayan, Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Isabela
Later additional provinces: Abra (separated from Ilocos Sur, 1917)

Period Senator Senator
4th Philippine Legislature
1916–1919
Juan Villamor
Vicente Singson Encarnacion
5th Philippine Legislature
1919–1922
Santiago Fonacier
6th Philippine Legislature
1922–1925
Isabelo de los Reyes
7th Philippine Legislature
1925–1928
Elpidio Quirino
8th Philippine Legislature
1928–1931
Melecio Arranz
9th Philippine Legislature
1931–1934
10th Philippine Legislature
1934–1935

Second District[edit]

Provinces: La Union, Pangasinan, Zambales

Period Senator Senator
4th Philippine Legislature
1916–1919
Aquilino Calvo1
Pedro Ma. Sison
Matias Gonzales2
5th Philippine Legislature
1919–1922
Bernabe de Guzman
6th Philippine Legislature
1922–1925
Alejo Mabanag
7th Philippine Legislature
1925–1928
Camilo O. Osías3
8th Philippine Legislature
1928–1931
Teofilo Sison
Alejandro de Guzman4
9th Philippine Legislature
1931–1934
Alejo Mabanag
10th Philippine Legislature
1934–1935
^1 Resigned on February 26, 1917.
^2 Elected in a special election on May 5, 1917
^3 Appointed Resident Commissioner in 1929.
^4 Replaced Camilo Osías.

Third District[edit]

Provinces: Bulacan, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga, Tarlac

Period Senator Senator
4th Philippine Legislature
1916–1919
Isauro Gabaldon
Francisco Liongson
5th Philippine Legislature
1919–1922
Teodoro Sandiko
Ceferino de Leon
6th Philippine Legislature
1922–1925
Santiago Lucero1
7th Philippine Legislature
1925–1928
Luis Morales2
8th Philippine Legislature
1928–1931
Benigno S. Aquino
9th Philippine Legislature
1931–1934
Sotero Baluyot
10th Philippine Legislature
1934–1935
Hermogenes Concepcion
^1 Died on November 2, 1925.
^2 Elected in a special election on March 23, 1926 to complete the unexpired term of Santiago Lucero.

Fourth District[edit]

City: Manila
Provinces: Bataan, Laguna, Rizal

Period Senator Senator
4th Philippine Legislature
1916–1919
Pedro Guevara1
Rafael Palma
5th Philippine Legislature
1919–1922
6th Philippine Legislature
1922–1925
Emiliano Tria Tirona
Ramon J. Fernandez2
7th Philippine Legislature
1925–1928
Juan Sumulong
8th Philippine Legislature
1928–1931
Jose G. Generoso
9th Philippine Legislature
1931–1934
Juan Nolasco
10th Philippine Legislature
1934–1935
Juan Sumulong
^1 Appointed Resident Commissioner to the United States on March 4, 1923.
^2 Elected in a special election on October 3, 1923 to complete the unexpired term of Pedro Guevara.

Fifth District[edit]

Provinces: Batangas, Cavite, Mindoro, Tayabas
Later additional provinces: Marinduque (from Tayabas, 1920)

Period Senator Senator
4th Philippine Legislature
1916–1919
Vicente Ilustre
Manuel L. Quezon
5th Philippine Legislature
1919–1922
Antero Soriano
6th Philippine Legislature
1922–1925
7th Philippine Legislature
1925–1928
José P. Laurel
8th Philippine Legislature
1928–1931
9th Philippine Legislature
1931–1934
Claro M. Recto
10th Philippine Legislature
1934–1935

Sixth District[edit]

Provinces: Albay, Ambos Camarines, Sorsogon
Later additional provinces: Camarines Norte and Camarines Sur (resulted from the division of Ambos Camarines, 1917), Masbate (separated from Sorsogon, 1917)

Period Senator Senator
4th Philippine Legislature
1916–1919
Mario Guariña
Leoncio Imperial
5th Philippine Legislature
1919–1922
Vicente de Vera
6th Philippine Legislature
1922–1925
Juan B. Alegre
7th Philippine Legislature
1925–1928
Jose O. Vera
8th Philippine Legislature
1928–1931
Jose T. Fuentebella
9th Philippine Legislature
1931–1934
10th Philippine Legislature
1934–1935
Domingo Imperial

Seventh District[edit]

Provinces: Capiz, Iloilo
Later additional provinces: Romblon (separated from Capiz, 1917)

Period Senator Senator
4th Philippine Legislature
1916–1919
Francisco Villanueva
Jose Altavas
5th Philippine Legislature
1919–1922
Jose Ma. Arroyo
6th Philippine Legislature
1922–1925
Jose Hontiveros
7th Philippine Legislature
1925–1928
Jose B. Ledesma
8th Philippine Legislature
1928–1931
Antonio Belo
9th Philippine Legislature
1931–1934
Ruperto Montinola
10th Philippine Legislature
1934–1935
Potenciano Trenas1
^1 Died on June 10, 1934.

Eighth District[edit]

Provinces: Antique, Negros Occidental, Negros Oriental, Palawan

Period Senator Senator
4th Philippine Legislature
1916–1919
Manuel Lopez
Espiridion Guanco
5th Philippine Legislature
1919–1922
Hermenegildo Villanueva
6th Philippine Legislature
1922–1925
7th Philippine Legislature
1925–1928
Mariano Yulo1
8th Philippine Legislature
1928–1931
Francisco Zulueta1
9th Philippine Legislature
1931–1934
Gil Montilla
10th Philippine Legislature
1934–1935
Isaac Lacson
^1 Francisco Zulueta was senator from 1929 to 1931.

Ninth District[edit]

Provinces: Leyte, Samar

Period Senator Senator
4th Philippine Legislature
1916–1919
Esteban Singzon
Jose Ma. Veloso
5th Philippine Legislature
1919–1922
Francisco Enage
6th Philippine Legislature
1922–1925
Tomas Gomez1
7th Philippine Legislature
1925–1928
Jose Ma. Veloso
Pastor Salazar2
8th Philippine Legislature
1928–1931
José D. Avelino
9th Philippine Legislature
1931–1934
10th Philippine Legislature
1934–1935
^1 Died on July 28, 1926.
^2 Elected in a special election to complete the unexpired term of Tomas Gomez.

Tenth District[edit]

Provinces: Cebu

Period Senator Senator
4th Philippine Legislature
1916–1919
Celestino Rodriguez
Filemon Sotto
5th Philippine Legislature
1919–1922
6th Philippine Legislature
1922–1925
Sergio Osmeña
7th Philippine Legislature
1925–1928
Pedro Rodriguez
8th Philippine Legislature
1928–1931
9th Philippine Legislature
1931–1934
Manuel C. Briones
10th Philippine Legislature
1934–1935

Eleventh District[edit]

Provinces: Bohol, Misamis, Surigao
Later additional provinces: Misamis Occidental and Misamis Oriental (resulted from the division of Misamis province, formally divided in 1929 but only implemented in 1939)

Period Senator Senator
4th Philippine Legislature
1916–1919
Nicolas Capistrano
Jose A. Clarin1
5th Philippine Legislature
1919–1922
Francisco Soriano
6th Philippine Legislature
1922–1925
7th Philippine Legislature
1925–1928
Troadio Galicano
8th Philippine Legislature
1928–1931
9th Philippine Legislature
1931–1934
Juan Torralba
10th Philippine Legislature
1934–1935
^1 Died on June 2, 1935.

Twelfth District[edit]

City: Baguio City
Provinces: Department of Mindanao and Sulu (consisted of Agusan, Bukidnon, Cotabato, Davao, Lanao, Sulu and Zamboanga provinces), Mountain Province (consisted of Apayao, Benguet, Bontoc, Ifugao, and Kalinga subprovinces; the original subprovinces of Amburayan and Lepanto ceased to exist after reorganization), Nueva Vizcaya

Period Senator Senator
4th Philippine Legislature
1916–1919
Joaquin D. Luna
Hadji Butu
5th Philippine Legislature
1919–1922
Teofisto Guingona, Sr.
Lope K. Santos
6th Philippine Legislature
1922–1925
Hadji Butu
7th Philippine Legislature
1925–1928
Jose Alejandrino
8th Philippine Legislature
1928–1931
Manuel Camus
9th Philippine Legislature
1931–1934
Ludovico Hidrosollo
Jamalul Kiram
10th Philippine Legislature
1934–1935
Juan Gaerlan
Datu Sinsuat

See also[edit]

References[edit]