A Sencha Touch app with an iOS6 theme
2.4.2 / June 15, 2015
|Operating system||Android, iOS, BlackBerry, Kindle, Windows Phone, Tizen|
|License||GPLv3 or commercial|
- 1 Version history and support
- 2 Features
- 3 Basic application directory structure
- 4 Developer tools and plugins
- 5 Sample usage
- 6 Comparison to native applications
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 Bibliography
- 10 External links
Version history and support
Subsequently, the first stable version, 1.0, was released in November 2010. Version 1.1.0 added support for devices running BlackBerry OS 6.0.
The latest release, Sencha Touch 2.4.2, was released in June 2015 and is designed to run on the following browsers and platforms:
- Android browser, Google Chrome for Android
- BlackBerry 10
- Bada Mobile Browser
- Kindle Fire Browser
- Windows Phone 8 and Windows 8 IE10
- Mobile Safari
There are no announced plans to support Firefox Mobile.
Sencha Touch follows the MVC pattern which separates the application data, the control code and view. This separation allows large scale applications to be flexible and easy to maintain.
Widget components and customisable themes
Sencha Touch has an inbuilt DOM manipulation interface which negates the dependency on other UI frameworks like jQuery. It includes a set of graphical user interface GUI-based controls (or components) for use within mobile web applications. These components are optimized for touch input. The components are:
- Buttons with device specific themes and effects
- Form elements such as text fields for email
- Date picker and address
- Sliders, selectors, and combo-boxes
- A list component with momentum-scrolling and an index bar
- A minimal icon set
- Toolbars and menus
- Movable tabs, bottom toolbars
- A map component with support for multi-touch gestures such as pinch and zoom
All the components can be themed according to the target device. This is done using Sass, a stylesheet language built over CSS. Some of the native-lookalike themes are Cupertino Classic (for iOS6.x and below), Cupertino (for iOS 7) and Mountain View (for Android).
Transitions, animations and adaptive UI
Sencha Touch has eight in-built transition effects including slide over or under the current element, pop, flip, and cube. It supports common touch gestures built from touch events, which are Web standards but supported only by Android, iOS, and some touch enabled devices. These are tap, double tap, swipe, scroll, and pinch.
Since Sencha touch is HTML5 based, the layouts it offers are extremely adaptive in nature.
Sencha Touch also supports charting components including pie charts, bar graphs, line series, etc. with explanatory legends. These components support interactivity like pinch and zoom. Just like the Grid components in ExtJS, Sencha Touch offers TouchGrid functionality.
Profiling in Sencha Touch allows you to create different profiles catering to different screen sizes. When the application is loaded, the framework determines the type of device, and its corresponding profile determines which components and functionality need to be swapped out, and the specific views and controllers that need to be invoked, saving the developer the task of creating a different application for each type of device.
Basic application directory structure
|app||The main directory that holds the app's models, views, controllers, stores and profiles|
|app.js||File that holds the application's overall settings. References to all models, views, controllers, stores and profiles can be found here. Once these references are loaded, the main app launch function is called. This function loads the first view and hence can be considered as the first point of the application|
|index.html||Main HTML file for the app. It may span many pages/screens for the mobile app|
|resources||Directory that holds all the images, CSS and any other external file that the app needs|
|app.json||App's configuration file|
|packager.json||File used to create native packages|
|ext-touch.css||This is Sencha's CSS library|
Developer tools and plugins
Sencha Touch provides IDE plugins for ease of development. Benefits of these plugins include code generation and auto-completion, code refactoring and ease of navigation to framework codebase and custom classes. Sencha Touch has plugins for popular IDEs like JetBrains, Visual Studio and Eclipse.
Ext.setup() is the starting point to initialise the application, setting up the viewport and the event system.
Comparison to native applications
- HTML5 in mobile devices
- Multiple phone web-based application framework
- jQuery Mobile
- Android (operating system)
- "Announcing Sencha Touch 2.4.2 with Improved BlackBerry 10.3 Experience". sencha.com. 15 June 2015.
- Allen, Sarah; Graupera, Vidal; Lundrigan, Lee (2010). Pro Smartphone Cross-Platform Development. United States of America: APress. p. 226. ISBN 978-1-4302-2869-1.
- "Sencha Touch 2 Release Notes". cdn.sencha.com.
- "Announcing Sencha Touch 2.3 – Touch Grid, Cordova Support, and New Themes". sencha.com. 1 October 2013.
- Clark, John Earl; Johnson, Bryan P. (April 2013). Creating Mobile Apps with Sencha Touch 2. Birmingham UK: Packt Publishing. pp. 233, 234. ISBN 978-1-84951-890-1 – via Ebrary.com.
- "Touch Guides - Getting Started with Sencha Touch". docs.sencha.com.
- "Sencha Architect". sencha.com. 25 March 2015.
- "Touch - Sencha Docs". docs.sencha.com.
- "IBM Developer Works- Build mobile web applications with Sencha Touch".
- "Touch Guides - Events". docs.sencha.com.
- "Leveraging PhoneGap within Sencha Touch". phonegap.com.
- "Touch Guides - Using Native APIs". docs.sencha.com.
- Jesus Garcia and Anthony De Moss, Mitchell Simoens, Sencha Touch in Action, ISBN 978-1-61729-037-4
- Ajit Kumar, Sencha Touch Cookbook, ISBN 978-1-84951-544-3.
- Hiren J. Dave, Instant Sencha Touch, ISBN 9781782165996.
- Ajit Kumar, Sencha Touch Cookbook - Second Edition, ISBN 978-1-78216-918-5.
- Lee Boonstra, Hands-On Sencha Touch 2: A Real-World App Approach 1st Edition, ISBN 978-1-44936-652-0.
- Ajit Kumar, Sencha MVC Architecture, ISBN 978-1-84951-888-8.
- Matthew David, HTML5 Mobile Websites, Turbocharging HTML5 with jQuery, Sencha Touch, and Other Frameworks, ISBN 978-0-24081-814-6.