Sendai Nuclear Power Plant
|Sendai Nuclear Power Plant|
The Sendai NPP
Location of Sendai Nuclear Power Plant in Japan
|Construction began||December 15, 1979|
|Commission date||July 4, 1984|
|Operator(s)||Kyūshū Electric Power Company|
|Units operational||2 x 890 MW (gross)
2 x 846 MW (net)
|Annual generation||12,901 GW·h|
The Sendai Nuclear Power Plant (川内原子力発電所 Sendai genshiryokuhatsudensho?, Sendai NPP) is a nuclear power plant located in the city of Satsumasendai in the Kagoshima Prefecture. It is owned and operated by the Kyūshū Electric Power Company. The plant, like all other nuclear power plants in Japan, has not generatied electricity since the nationwide shutdown in the wake of the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster in 2011.
The plant is on a site of 1.45 km2 (358 acres), employs 277 workers, and indirectly employs 790.
Reactors on Site
|Name||Reactor Type||Commission date||Gross Power Rating||Core Tonnage||Price to build|
|Sendai-1||PWR||July 4, 1984||890 MW||72 tons/uranium dioxide||278.7 billion Yen|
|Sendai-2||PWR||November 28, 1985||890 MW||72 tons/uranium dioxide||228.7 billion Yen|
Stress-tests published in 2011-restart crises
On 14 December 2011 the Kyushu Electric Power Company published the outcome of the primary safety assessments or "stress-tests" for three of its suspended nuclear reactors: two of them located at the Sendai Nuclear Power Plant in prefecture Kagoshima Prefecture, the third at was located the Genkai Nuclear Power Plant in Saga prefecture. The reports were sent to the Japanese Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency. The papers were also sent to the local authorities of the prefectures where the plants were located, because the reactors are not allowed to be restarted without their consent. According to the test, the reactors could withstand a seismic shock of 945 to 1,020 gals and tsunami-waves of a height of 13 to 15 meters. The power company asked its customers to reduce their power-consumption by at least 5% after 26 December, because at 25 December the number 4 reactor in Genkai would be taken out of operation for regular check-ups. Nuclear power generation did account for about 40 percent of the total output of the company, according to company official Akira Nakamura. He said that restarting reactors was crucial for them, and that the company will do all it can do to win back public-trust. However, Hideo Kishimoto, the mayor of Genkai said that it would be difficult to resume operations. He asked Kyushu Electric to disclose their practices in full, besides their efforts to prevent future accidents.
On 10 September 2014 the Japanese Nuclear Regulation Authority declared that the plant was safe to be operated. Actual operation was originally expected by the end of 2014, following approval of local authorities. 
However, local and national groups and NGOS opposed the planned restart of the Sendai nuclear plants. John Large of the London-based consulting Engineers Large & Associates], provided opinion and evidence in an ongoing civil action in Japan contesting the restart of the Sendai Nuclear Power Plant and separately Large & Associates prepared an assessment of the effectiveness of the Japanese Nuclear Regulation Authority (NRA) recently introduced guide for the evaluation of nuclear power plant sites with respect to the potential affects of volcanic effects, specifically aligning this to the Sendai NPP presently proposed for restart following a four year shut down in the aftermath of Fukushima Daiichi. 
In April 2015, the legal hurdles to restart the plant were cleared by a Japanese court.  However, Japan's Nuclear Regulatory Authority subsequently quashed plans by Kyushu Electric Power Company to resume power generation in the summer of 2015, with a commissioner calling the plans to rapidly restart the Sendai plant "wishful thinking." 
- "Reactors in operation". IAEA. December 31, 2009. Retrieved March 12, 2011.
- JAIF (14 December 2011)Earthquake-report 291: Kyushu Electric submits test results of 3 reactors
- Fackler, Martin (11 Sep 2014). "Three Years After Fukushima, Japan Approves a Nuclear Plant". New York Times (New York). Retrieved 11 Sep 2014.
- "The Assessment Guide of Volcanic Effects of Nuclear Power Plants compared with the International Atomic Energy Agency's Volcanic Hazards Evaluation for Nuclear Installations, SSG-21, 2012" (PDF). Greenpeace Germany. 28 January 2015. Retrieved 28 January 2015.
- "Implications of Tephra Ash Fall Out on the Operational Safety of Sendai Nuclear Power Plants" (PDF). Greenpeace Germany. 26 February 2015. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
- "Japan court approves restart of reactors in boost for Abe's nuclear policy". Reuters. 22 April 2015. Retrieved 7 May 2015.
- "Sendai reactor restart ‘unrealistic,’ regulator says". JapanTimes (Tokyo). 23 April 2015. Retrieved 14 May 2015.