Sendlinger Tor

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Sendlinger Tor, 2004
The gate seen from Sendlinger-Tor-Platz

The Sendlinger Tor (from German: Sendling Gate) is a city gate at the southern extremity of the historic old town area of Munich. It served as a fortification for the defence and is one of Munich's three remaining gothic town gates (Sendlinger Tor, Isartor, and Karlstor).

Location[edit]

The Sendlinger Tor (located at Sendlinger Str 49) lies at the southern end of Sendlingerstrasse, the north-south highway through Munich's old town. Thus separates the Sendlinger Tor of the old city from the Isar suburb. The Sendlinger Tor is at an altitude of 525 metres (1,722 ft) above sea level.

History[edit]

The area in front of Sendlinger Tor, 1840
Sendlinger Tor, 1918

As part of the great urban expansion by Ludwig the Bavarian (from 1285 to 1337), a second city wall with four town gates was built, of which Sendlinger Tor was one. In 1318, Sendlinger Tor was first mentioned as a starting point for the road to Italy, but was probably existing earlier. Originally there was only the distinctive central tower gate (typical of the Munich city gates of the time). In 1420 that was supplemented by the two flanking towers, which were required to properly terminate the end of the outer city wall.

In 1808 the central tower was demolished. In 1860 a restoration of the two remaining Medieval flanking towers and the wall with three arches. In 1906, these original three arches were replaced by the one large single arch.

In the Second World War, the gate was barely damaged. It was refurbished in the 1980s. On the Sendlinger Tor, a remnant of the old city wall can still be seen, which previously went up the Herzog-Wilhelm-Str.

Public Transportation[edit]

It gives its name to the Sendlinger Tor U-Bahn station.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 48°08′02″N 11°34′03″E / 48.133965°N 11.567624°E / 48.133965; 11.567624