Senecio flaccidus

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Threadleaf ragwort
Senecio flaccidus 2.jpg
Threadleaf ragwort
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Subfamily: Asteroideae
Tribe: Senecioneae
Genus: Senecio
Species: S. flaccidus
Binomial name
Senecio flaccidus
Less.[1]
Range map-Senecio flaccidus-North America.svg
Range of S. flaccidus
Synonyms

Senecio longilobus Benth
Senecio filifolius (L.) Hook.[1]
Senecio douglasii DC.
Senecio monoensis Greene[2]

Senecio flaccidus, formerly recorded as Senecio douglasii (in honor of the botanist David Douglas) member of the daisy family and genus Senecio also known as threadleaf ragwort[3] (and threadleaf groundsel, bush senecio, creek senecio, shrubby butterweed, comb butterweed, smooth threadleaf ragwort, Mono ragwort, Douglas ragwort, Douglas groundsel, sand wash groundsel, felty groundsel, old man, yerba cana, squawweed or cenicillo) is a native of the southwestern Great Plains of North America.[4][5][6][7]

Description[edit]

Threadleaf ragwort is a fast-growing, short-lived (3 to 6 years) bushy perennial shrub growing to 4 feet 6 inches (1.37 m); common in gravelly washes, dry creek beds, along roads and trails and mostly away from the coast.[5]

Leaves and Stems
Branched and bushy, Senecio flaccidus gets its common name from its white, threadlike, bent and matted, tomentose leaves; alternate and deeply pinnated, divided into five to nine narrow linear segments, glabrous, having no hairs or projections, gray-green above, 1 inch (2.5 cm) to 4 inches (10 cm) long. The principal leaves often have auxiliary clusters of smaller leaves.[5] The stems are grooved and the branches are thin, herbaceous above and woody near the base.[4][5]
Flowers
Showy flowering heads of yellow ray flowers, 3 inches (7.6 cm) - 4 inches (10 cm) across; eight to thirteen sterile rays, purplish brown disk florets that produce the seeds.[5][6]
Seeds
Dicotyledon fruits; each a 1/8 inch (3 mm) long achene ribbed and hoary, covered with short white hairs.[4][5][6]

Toxicity[edit]

Colonizing disturbed areas including over-grazed lands, Senecio flaccidus helps to achieve a quick ground cover and helps to stabilize the soil for longer-lived perennials but in this situation makes poor foraging for cattle and horses due to the alkaloids contained in the plant which cause liver disease when consumed in large quantities.[7]

Also known as Senecio longilobus, one of the alkaloids found in this species is longilobine,[8] as well as senecionine, seneciphylline, florosenine, otonecine-based florosenine, and retrorsine.[7]

Distribution[edit]

Like many Senecio Senecio flaccidus likes disturbed habitats, this one preferring overgrazed rangelands, dried up stream beds and desert grasslands;[7] at altitudes above 1,800 feet (550 m) and below 6,500 feet (2,000 m).[6]

Native range of S. flaccidus.

Native [1][2]

America
North-Central: Kansas, Oklahoma
Northwestern: Colorado
South-Central: New Mexico, Texas
Southwestern: Arizona, Utah
Northern Mexico: Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, San Luis Potosí, Sonora, Zacatecas
Central Mexico: Aguascalientes, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Jalisco (n.e.), Veracruz

Current [1][2][7]

America
North-Central: Kansas, Oklahoma, Wyoming
Northwestern: Colorado
South-Central: New Mexico, Texas
Southwestern: Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah
Northern Mexico: Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, San Luis Potosí, Sonora, Zacatecas, Baja California
Central Mexico: Aguascalientes, Baja Norte, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Jalisco (n.e.), Veracruz

Subspecies which are synonyms[edit]

  • Senecio flaccidus Less. var. flaccidus
  • Senecio douglasii DC. var. longilobus (Benth.) L.D. Benson
  • Senecio douglasii DC. var. jamesii (Torr. & A. Gray) Ediger ex Correll & M.C. Johnst.
  • Senecio douglasii DC. ssp. longilobus (Benth.) W.A. Weber[1]
  • Senecio flaccidus Less. var. monoensis (Greene) B. L. Turner & T. M. Barkley
  • Senecio flaccidus Less. var. douglasii (DC.) B. L. Turner & T. M. Barkley
  • Senecio flaccidus var. flaccidus[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS). "PLANTS Profile, Senecio flaccidus Less. var. flaccidus". The PLANTS Database. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2008-02-20. 
  2. ^ a b c d Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN) (2007-05-03). "Taxon: Senecio flaccidus Less.". Taxonomy for Plants. USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program, National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. Retrieved 2008-02-20. 
  3. ^ "Senecio flaccidus". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 9 November 2015. 
  4. ^ a b c Oklahoma Biological Survey (1999-09-20). "Senecio flaccidus Less. var. flaccidus". Scientific Name Index. University of Oklahoma. Retrieved 2008-02-20. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f Michael L. Charters. "Senecio flaccidus Less. var. douglasii (DC) B. Turner & T. Barkley". Wildflowers and Other Plants of Southern California. Retrieved 2008-02-20. 
  6. ^ a b c d George DeLange; Audrey DeLange. "Sand Wash Groundsel". Arizona Wild Flowers Wildflower Pictures And Photos. Retrieved 2008-02-20. 
  7. ^ a b c d e James E. Nellessen. "Senecio flaccidus Less." (PDF). United States Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 2008-02-20. 
  8. ^ Henderson FG, Harris PN, Chen KK (March 1951). "Liver injury following administration of alpha- and beta- longilobine". Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine. Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine. 76 (3): 530–532. doi:10.3181/00379727-76-18545. PMID 14844262. 14844262. 

External links[edit]

Data related to Senecio flaccidus at Wikispecies Media related to Senecio flaccidus at Wikimedia Commons