Seneschal of Gascony

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The Seneschal of Gascony was an officer carrying out and managing the domestic affairs of the lord of the Duchy of Gascony. During the course of the twelfth century, the seneschalship, also became an office of military command. After 1360, the officer was the Seneschal of Aquitaine.[1] There was an office above the seneschalcy, the Lieutenancy of the Duchy of Aquitaine, but it was filled only intermittently (in times of emergency).

The seneschal managed the household, coordinating between the receivers of various landholdings and the chamber, treasury, and the chancellory or chapel. The seneschals of Gascony, like those appointed in Normandy, Poitou, and Anjou had custody of demesne fortresses, the regional treasuries, and presidency of the highest court of regional custom. Detailed records of the Gascon Exchequers during the reign of Henry III of England indicate that there most likely was a functioning exchequer.

List of Seneschals[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap "Principal Office Holders in the Duchy" and "Seneschals of Gascony, of Aquitaine after 1360 (1273–1453)", The Gascon Rolls Project (1317–1468).
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab "Seneschals and lieutenants of Gascony in the Oxford DNB", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (22 September 2005), retrieved 24 October 2018. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/93334
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Shirley 1866, pp. 399–400.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h Tout 1936, p. 394.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Tout 1936, p. 395.
  6. ^ a b c d e f Tout 1936, p. 396.


  • Seneschals of Gascony
  • Warren, W.L.; Henry II (English Monarchs)
  • Shirley, Walter Waddington; Royal and other historical letters illustrative of the reign of Henry iii, selected and ed. by W.W. Shirley, Volume 2 1866.
  • Tout, Thomas Frederick. The Place of the Reign of Edward II in English History. Manchester University Press, 1936.