Sengar

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Sengar are a clan of Rajputs.[1]

The area of Lateri in present-day Madhya Pradesh was once ruled by the Sengars.[2] In what is now Uttar Pradesh, the principal town of the Lakhnesar pargana during the medieval period was Rasra.[3] When the Sengars opposed British activities in 1812, Colonel Martindell came with a troop of sepoys to quell them, but the Sengars attacked the marching sepoys on Great Deccan Road and several were killed. The Sengars then plundered the area. Siddiqui considers this act of attacking British forces to be a part of the movement for independence of India.[4]

The Sengars' reputation as warriors originated in the Lodi era when they safeguarded their territories against the Delhi Sultanate and fought against Babur. They also remained one important segment of population when land reforms were carried out by Akbar in the Indo-Gangetic plains of Northern India.[5][page needed] They also fought against the British while maintaining their land rights and territorial regime in areas of Lakhnesar or Baliya in the nineteenth century.[6][page needed]

In the 18th and early 19th centuries, the Sengars were among those communities that practised infanticide and, in particular, female infanticide in Bundelkhand, an area that is now split between the states of Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Stokes, Eric (1980). The Peasant and the Raj: Studies in Agrarian Society and Peasant Rebellion in Colonial India. Cambridge University Press. p. 78. ISBN 9780521297707.
  2. ^ Jain, Ajit Kumar (1993). Marketing in an Agricultural Region: A Geographical Study of Periodic Markets in Vidisha Plateau, Madhya Pradesh. Northern Book Centre. p. 12. ISBN 978-8-17211-034-5.
  3. ^ Singh, Kashi N. (June 1968). "The Territorial Basis of Medieval Town and Village Settlement in Eastern Uttar Pradesh, India". Annals of the Association of American Geographers. 58 (2): 203–220. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8306.1968.tb00640.x. JSTOR 2561611. (subscription required)
  4. ^ Siddiqui, A. U. (2004). Indian Freedom Movement in Princely States of Vindhya Pradesh. New Delhi: Northern Book Centre. p. 33. ISBN 978-8-17211-150-2. Retrieved 23 January 2013.
  5. ^ Saiyad Hasan Ansari, Evolution and Spatial Organization of Clan Settlements: A Case Study of Middle Ganga Valley, Concept Publishing Company, 1986
  6. ^ Malik, Subhash Chandra (1977). Dissent, Protest, and Reform in Indian Civilization. Indian Institute of Advanced Study.
  7. ^ Mukharya, P. S.; Shrivastava, R. C. (1990). "Cultural History of Bundelkhand during Eighteenth and Early Nineteenth Centuries". In Kusuman, K. K.; Menon, A. Sreedhara. A Panorama of Indian Culture: Professor A. Sreedhara Menon Felicitation Volume. Mittal Publications. p. 143. ISBN 978-8-17099-214-1.

Further reading[edit]

  • Kumar, Dharma; Desai, Meghnad, eds. (1989) [1983]. The Cambridge Economic History of India. 2, C.1751-C.1970 (Reprinted ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 36–40, 56. ISBN 9780521228022.
  • Stokes, Eric (1975). "Agrarian Society and the Pax Britannica in Northern India in the Early Nineteenth Century". Modern Asian Studies. Cambridge University Press. 9 (4): 505–528. doi:10.1017/s0026749x00012877. JSTOR 312079. (subscription required)