Seni Gayung Fatani

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Seni Gayung Fatani
Emblem of the Seni Gayung Fatani Malaysia Association
Emblem of the Seni Gayung Fatani Malaysia Association
Also known as Gayung Fatani
Date founded 14th September 1976
Country of origin Malaysia Malaysia
Founder Anuar Abdul Wahab (1945–2009)
Current head Aminuddin Anuar
Arts taught Silat
Official website Seni Gayung Fatani Malaysia

Seni Gayung Fatani is a style of silat from Malaysia based on the art of war, the combination punch & kick striking, joint-locking & grappling techniques, and various type of melee weapon. In Malay, the word seni means art and gayung is a word for martial arts, synonymous with silat.[1] Fatani means wise in Arabic and was chosen in 1976 by the councils of Guru Tua (Senior Masters). The first grandmaster of the silat is Tuan Guru Hj Anuar Abd. Wahab (1976 until 2009). Tuan Guru Aminuddin Haji Anuar is the current Grandmaster of Seni Gayung Fatani Malaysia (2013 until now).

Origin[edit]

Seni Gayung Fatani originated from Malay Empire. In 1840, it was brought to Kedah by Syeikh Abdul Rahman. The style was expanded upon by his son Tok Yah Ramli. Another of Abdul Rahman's students was Pak Teh Mat Ali who taught this style to Pak Andak Embong who in turn passed it down to Tuan Guru Anuar Abdul Wahab. When it was registered in 1976 as an association under the Government's Club Act, the name was formalized to Seni Gayung Fatani Association.

Syllabus[edit]

The new syllabus outlined by Tuan Haji Anuar has seven different levels. Each level teaches techniques of its own while maintaining the same basic form. Some of these are:

Bunga Silat [1]

  • Bunga means the basis of silat movements which consists of seven langkah (steps), seven kuda-kuda (stances) and seven limbai (hand positions). The Bunga will help the silat exponent to master the defensive and striking position in silat.
  • There are some silat vocabularies that one needs to understand in order to master the whole concept of bunga silat.[2]

Jurus Silat

  • The offensive form of the bunga silat in which the steps are either blocks, attacks or deflections. Based on Malaysian dictionary (Kamus Dewan), jurus silat means repetition, continuation or moving towards specific direction.
  • This word is used in silat to explain the movements of silat either attacking, defensive or counter-attack towards any aimed target. It also explained the movement of silat which means one should 'sambut' (avoid, block or catch) first followed by counterattack towards the target or enemy.[2]

Belebat Silat

  • Belebat silat means to receive (sambut) strike followed by counterattack to the opponent. It also means the movements on how to plan sparring in early stage of fight.[2]

Tapak Silat

  • Tapak silat is a step pattern or floor plan that is used in silat to ease the step movements. It develops the silat exponent stances (kuda-kuda) and steps (langkah) in order to strike, to defend and to receive any strikes from opponent.
  • The tapak silat is based on one or two legs position on the floor. Meanwhile, the step in silat means an activity that required a person to move his or her heel to walk or to move form one area to another area.[2]
  • The pattern of tapak silat in self-defense moves is based on geometrical line such as straight line, horizontal line, triangle, rectangular, circle and star shapes. When a silat exponents master all of these step patterns, they can easily receive any fast fists, unlock any locking techniques such as wrist lock and release from any catching technique that are very popular in other martial arts such as aikido, jujitsu or judo.[2]

Buah Silat

  • Combat sets meant to teach the application of techniques. Buah Silat or Buah Pukul is a self-defense technique or the most important skill in silat that required one to receive the attack first (either by avoiding, blocking, or catching) followed by counterattack with fist to the opponent either using bare hand or weapon.
  • Buah pukul can be done with two or more opponent in any silat training.[2]

Tempur Seni Silat

  • Tempur silat or silat combat is divided into two which are; Tempur Seni (the art of self-defense combat) and Tempur Beladiri (the fast action of combat sparring). The main reason of this division is to emphasize the concept and meanings of two difference style in silat combat.
  • Tempur seni emphasize more on ecstatic value of silat with specific do and don't rule. Tempur beladiri emphasize more on fast silat movements in order to fight with more than one opponent.[2]
  • The tempur seni combat consists of Tapak Empat (the silat movements in square pattern), Lilit (circling around the opponent) and Galah Panjang (marking the distance between each other).[2]
  • Tempur seni also used three types of strikes that based from traditional silat weapon system which are; Tikam (stabbing), Parang (chopping) and Tetak (hacking or notching).[2]
  • These strikes usually followed by seven receiving techniques which are; Tangkap (catching), Sentak (to pull at or out with a jerk), Kedu (to flex the arm down), Tindih (one on the top of the other), Sisip (to insert), Sagang (to be in silat alert position) and Potong (to counterattack).
  • The silat exponent will learn the art of martial art fighting while practising all of these receiving techniques. It is better to practice these techniques with variety of opponent of different height, weight and size in order to understand the differences of strength and weakness levels.[2]

Tempur Beladiri Silat

  • An exercise meant to teach how moves can be deflected or used against the opponent in combat. It can also be used as sensitivity training or as safe preliminary practice for true sparring.
  • In tempur beladiri, silat exponent will learn the unarmed self-defense first before learns on how use weapon in advance level. This is important because silat exponent needs to master all the unarmed technique first in order to avoid any injuries in silat training. All the silat lessons will be given by the silat coach step-by-step for better understanding.[2]

Seven Levels in Seni Gayung Fatani[edit]

Level 1[edit]

In the level one, the practitioner wears a white belt and is called Anak Gelanggang (Lowest Rank Junior Silat Exponent). This terms derives its meaning from the fact that at this level, the exponent would spend a lot of time in the gelanggang or training ground doing whatever the silat instructor asks.

  1. Bunga Silat (seven movements)
  2. Jurus Silat (seven movements)
  3. Belebat Silat (sangga or blocking)
  4. Tapak Silat (tunggal satu or stay at one place)
  5. Buah Silat (asas or basic)
  6. Tempur Seni (asas persembahan or basic of silat performance )
  7. Tempur Beladiri (tempur searah or one-way combat )
  8. Technique: Basic Blocking level 1

Level 2[edit]

In the level two, the practitioner wears a blue belt and is called Pesilat Remaja (Second Rank Junior Silat Exponent). This terms derives its meaning from the fact that at this level, the exponent would spend a lot of time in the gelanggang or training ground doing whatever the silat instructor asks.

  1. Bunga Silat (fifteen movements)
  2. Jurus Silat (fifteen movements)
  3. Belebat Silat (tampan or blocking)
  4. Tapak Silat (selari or parallel)
  5. Buah Silat (kemahiran or skill)
  6. Tempur Seni (asas tapak empat or fundamental of square track )
  7. Tempur Beladiri (tempur selari or parrarel combat )
  8. Technique: Basic Blocking level 2

Level 3[edit]

In the level three, the practitioner wears a brown belt and is called Pesilat Perkasa (First Rank Junior Silat Exponent). This terms derives its meaning from the fact that at this level, the exponent would spend a lot of time in the gelanggang or training ground doing whatever the silat instructor asks.

  1. Bunga Silat (fifteen movements)
  2. Jurus Silat (fifteen movements)
  3. Belebat Silat (elak or avoidance)
  4. Tapak Silat (empat or four)
  5. Buah Silat (selapis or one layer)
  6. Tempur Seni (buah seni selapis or the art of silat arts with one layer)
  7. Tempur Beladiri (elak berangkai or avoiding network )
  8. Technique: Avoidance

Level 4[edit]

The practitioner wears a yellow belt and is called pesilat muda or young silat exponent because they now have some knowledge of silat but not yet enough to qualify as a full-fledged trainee.

  1. Bunga Silat (fifteen movements)
  2. Jurus Silat (fifteen movements)
  3. Belebat Silat (tangkis or block)
  4. Tapak Silat (tiga or three)
  5. Buah Silat (berangkai or continues)
  6. Tempur Seni (buah seni berlapis or the art of silat arts with continues movement)
  7. Tempur Beladiri (tangkis berlapis or blocking network )
  8. Technique: Full blocking and repelling attacks

Level 5[edit]

The practitioner now wears a green belt and is called a 'pesilat' or silat exponent because they have now experienced enough to be able to apply techniques in sparring matches.

  1. Bunga Silat (twenty movements)
  2. Jurus Silat (twenty movements)
  3. Belebat Silat (tangkap or catching)
  4. Tapak Silat (lingkar bulat or circle)
  5. Buah Silat (berlapis or more than one layers)
  6. Tempur Seni (rangkai berlapis or the art of silat arts network with more than one layers)
  7. Tempur Beladiri (gelut berseli or alternate attack and defense )
  8. Technique: Avoidance, blocks, tangkapan (trapping or seizing) and felling an opponent
  • Buah Silat used Tekong where the exponent is attacked by multiple unarmed assailants from different directions

Level 6[edit]

At this stage, the pesilat wears a red belt and is called a pendekar muda or young warrior. Now adept at applying techniques, the exponent can face off any attack by any assailant and is qualified to teach. Before being recognized as a pendekar, the pendekar muda may receive a black stripe on their bengkung (waist sash) for each year they show active participation and constant improvement.

  1. Bunga Silat (Twenty movements)
  2. Jurus Silat (weapons)
  3. Belebat Silat (potong or secret techniques in Silat Melayu)
  4. Tapak Silat (lima or five)
  5. Buah Silat (senjata berseli or weaponry application between the silat exponents)
  6. Tempur Seni (gelut seni senjata or weaponry application between the silat exponents with continues movement)
  7. Tempur Beladiri (tempur dan gelut silat or combating application with alternating attack and defense application)
  8. Techniques: Avoidance, blocks, tangkapan, locks and armed combat (parang, kris, etc.)

Level 7[edit]

The individual is given the title Pendekar, denoting a full-fledged warrior. This level is not easily attained as the grading is only held when a pendekar muda is deemed fit for it. In becoming a pendekar, the exponent has to create their own bunga silat, jurus silat and tapak silat movements which must not be similar to that of others. At this stage the warrior will be given the Silat knowledge that origins from the art of war from multiple aspects of knowledge, practice and traditional weapon skills system. The Malay warrior attitude is the same in Warrior's Attitude.[3] The warrior also will be train to become silat guru to implement the self-defense moves education to others. They are also exposed to science teaching, management, spiritual, technical and co-curriculum in purpose to strengthen community, religion, race and nation.[2] During grading, they will have to face off armed attacks by multiple assailants from different directions to qualify.

  1. Bunga Silat (gerak seni or the arts of creating silat movements continuesly)
  2. Jurus Silat (with and without weapons jurus movements)
  3. Belebat Silat (aplikasi gabungan or the combination of silat application from level 1-7)
  4. Tapak Silat (kepelbagaian gabungan tapak or the variety and combination of floor movements to strike opponents)
  5. Buah Silat (with and without weapons application)
  6. Tempur Seni (silat melayu or the highest arts movements in Silat Melayu application)
  7. Tempur Beladiri (seni dan beladiri or combating application with the art and self-defense of attack and defense application)
  8. Techniques: The art of war of Silat Melayu.[4]

Instructor/Master Level[edit]

Instructor Level[edit]

Have white stripe(s). Based on instructor level.

  1. Jurulatih Muda (One Stripe - Junior Instructor)
  2. Jurulatih (Two Stripe - Instructor)
  3. Jurulatih Kanan (Three Stripe - Senior Instructor)
  4. Ketua Jurulatih (Four Stripe - Head Instructor)

Master Level[edit]

Have yellow stripe(s). Based on master level.

  1. Guru Muda (One Stripe - Junior Master)
  2. Guru Silat (Two Stripe - Silat Master)
  3. Guru Kanan (Three Stripe - Senior Silat Master)

Grandmaster Level[edit]

Have red stripe(s). Based on grandmaster level. Grandmaster acted as the head for this school.

  1. Penolong Guru Utama (One Stripe - Assistant Grandmaster)
  2. Timbalan Guru Utama (Two Stripe - Deputy Grandmaster)
  3. Guru Utama (Three Stripe - Grandmaster)

Scholar Master Level[edit]

Have one big gold stripe. Scholar master is the persons that become founder and/or developer of Gayung Fatani silat curriculum.

  1. Pendeta Silat (Silat Scholar Master)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Anuar Abd. Wahab 2006, "Istilah Silat"
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Anuar Abd. Wahab 2007, "Silat: The development history of traditional Malay silat and development of modern Silat Malaysia curriculum".
  3. ^ Leong Siok Hui 2005, "Lessons in Grace & Confidence", "Changed Children" & "Preserving Tradition", TheStar Newspaper (13 August 2005)
  4. ^ Anuar Abd. Wahab 1992. "Teknik dalam Seni Silat Melayu (Technique in Malay Silat)". Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, Kuala Lumpur

References[edit]

  • Anuar Abd. Wahab (1992). Teknik dalam Seni Silat Melayu (Technique in Malay Silat). Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, Kuala Lumpur.
  • Leong Siok Hui (2005). "Lessons in Grace & Confidence", "Changed Children" & "Preserving Tradition". TheStar Newspaper, 13 August 2005.
  • Anuar Abd. Wahab (2006). "Istilah Silat", Martabat Silat Warisan Negara, Keaslian Budaya Membina Bangsa PESAKA.
  • Anuar Abd. Wahab (2007). Silat: The development history of traditional Malay silat and development of modern Silat Malaysia curriculum. Hizi Print, Bdr. Baru Bangi.

External links[edit]

Seni Gayung Fatani[edit]