Senlis Cathedral

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Senlis Cathedral
Notre-Dame de Reims
Senlis Cathedral Exterior, Picardy, France - Diliff.jpg
The exterior
Basic information
LocationSenlis, France
Geographic coordinates49°12′24.5″N 2°35′9.5″E / 49.206806°N 2.585972°E / 49.206806; 2.585972Coordinates: 49°12′24.5″N 2°35′9.5″E / 49.206806°N 2.585972°E / 49.206806; 2.585972
AffiliationRoman Catholic
ProvinceDiocese of Beauvais
RegionHauts-de-France
Ecclesiastical or organizational statusParish church
StatusActive
Websitewww.paroissesaintrieul.org
Architectural description
Architectural typeChurch
Architectural styleFrench Gothic
Groundbreaking1153 (1153)
Completed1191 (1191)
Specifications
Length75m
Width30m
Width (nave)9.20m
Height (max)26.50m
Spire height40m

Senlis Cathedral (French: Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Senlis) is a Roman Catholic church and former cathedral in Senlis, Oise, France.

It was formerly the seat of the Bishopric of Senlis, abolished under the Concordat of 1801, when its territory was passed to the Diocese of Beauvais.

The cathedral was built between 1153 and 1191; its 256-foot-tall (78 m) south tower dates from the 13th century. Its transepts were rebuilt between 1530 and 1556 after a fire, and the side portals and shallow east chapels date from about the same period.

History[edit]

The construction of Notre-Dame de Senlis was started around 1153 on the site of older sanctuaries, under the impulse of Bishop Pierre (1134-1151). The main drivers of this construction were the frequent presence of the kings of France, and the very strong personality of the bishop. The financing of the construction was essentially from the work of the bishops who were financially less well off than the other bishops of the region, their sees were small in size and thus had quite the modest income of the diocese. This explains the small size of the sanctuary. The participation of the king and the canons were almost non-existent.

Construction began simultaneously at both the east and west ends of the building. In 1160, the central portal of the western facade was already done. In 1167, the cathedral already had its choir and its western facade. In 1175 the nave was connected to the choir. Around 1180, the vaulted cathedral was almost completed except for the transepts. However, It was consecrated on 16 June 1191 by the Archbishop of Reims Guillaume of the White Hands. Its construction lasted about 40 years; but it was still lacking its transepts.

The cathedral was greatly altered in the 13th century. Around 1240, the southern tower was extended by a remarkable two-storey spire, a magnificent jewel of the cathedral, and the interior perspective was interrupted by a piercing transept which left the nave shorter than the choir.

At the end of the 14th century, the chapter house was built, and around 1465 there was added the Bailli chapel, founded by Gilles de Rouvroy, known as Saint-Simon, bailiff of Senlis and ancestor of the Duke of Saint-Simon. He was buried there in 1477, as well as some of his descendants.

In 1504, a fire, caused by lightning, destroyed the framework and caused the vaults to collapse, with the exception of that of the first bay. Thanks to the donations of the kings Louis XII and Francis I, the upper parts of the cathedral were reconstructed by raising them by 6 metres, the aisles were doubled and the side facades had a very rich flamboyant decoration. The restoration began in 1506 and lasted until 1515.

In 1520, the facade of the southern transept was added. Its magnificent portal was built by Martin Chambiges and continued by his son Pierre; it dates from 1538 and the north portal is from 1560. The eastern chapels date from the same time.

In 1671 the chapel of the Sacred Heart was constructed on the ancient Gallo-Roman wall.

In 1777 the choir received a neo-classical decoration which can still be seen today.

The French Revolution destroyed the furniture and destroyed the heads of statues and columns of the western portal, which were replaced in the middle of the 19th century.

The cathedral is classified as an historic monument on the first list of 1840;[1] the old library was classified in 1929.[2]

In 1986, the restoration of the interior was completed, and in 1993 the restoration of the spire was completed.

The interior[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mérimée IA60001567, Ministère français de la Culture. (in French) Cathédrale Notre-Dame Saint-Gervais-Saint-Protais
  2. ^ Mérimée PA00114883, Ministère français de la Culture. (in French) Ancienne cathédrale et son chapître

Sources[edit]