Senna siamea

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Senna siamea
Kassod (Senna siamea) flowers W IMG 0540.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae
Tribe: Cassieae
Subtribe: Cassiinae
Genus: Senna
Species: S. siamea
Binomial name
Senna siamea
(Lam.) Irwin et Barneby
  • Cassia arayatensis Naves
  • Cassia arborea Macfad.
  • Cassia florida Vahl
  • Cassia gigantea DC.
  • Cassia siamea Lam.
  • Cassia siamea var. puberula Kurz
  • Cassia sumatrana Roxb.
  • Cassia sumatrana DC.
  • Chamaefistula gigantea G.Don
  • Sciacassia siamea (Lam.) Britton & Rose S
  • Sciacassia siamea (Lam.) Britton
  • Senna sumatrana (DC.) Roxb.
  • "Pheasantwood"
Kaeng khilek, a Thai curry made with Kassod leaves and flower buds

Senna siamea (Thai: ขี้เหล็ก, khilek), also known as Siamese cassia,[1] kassod tree, cassod tree and Cassia tree,[2][3] is a legume in the subfamily Caesalpinioideae. It is native to South and Southeast Asia, although its exact origin is unknown.[4]

It is a medium-size, evergreen tree growing up to 18 m with beautiful yellow flowers. It is often used as shade tree in cocoa, coffee and tea plantations. In Thailand it is the provincial tree of Chaiyaphum Province and some places in the country are named after it.

Leaves are alternate, pinnately compound, with slender, green-reddish, tinged axis and 6 to 12 pairs of leaflets on short stalks, rounded at both ends.


This plant has medicinal value and it contains a compound named Barakol. The leaves, tender pods and seeds are edible, but they must be previously boiled and the water discarded. They are used in Burmese and also in Thai cuisine where one of the most well-known preparations is Kaeng khilek (Thai: แกงขี้เหล็ก).

Other uses include as fodder plant, in intercropping systems, windbreaks, and shelter belts.[5] As a hardwood, it is used for ornamentation on instruments (ukeleles and guitars) and decorative products. In this capacity it is known as Pheasantwood or Kolohala, named for the similarity of the grain to pheasant feathers.[6] It is sometimes used in Chinese furniture (known as Jichimu) interchangeably with wood from the Ormosia species.[7]

Wood from S. siamea (鉄刀木) is highly valued in Chinese furniture making.

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