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Sennaya Square or Sennaya Ploshchad (Russian: Сeннáя Плóщадь, literally: Hay Square), known as Peace Square between 1963 and 1991, is a large city square in Central Saint Petersburg, located at the crossing of Garden Street, Moskovsky Prospekt, and Grivtsova Lane.
The square was established[by whom?] in 1737 as a market where hay, firewood and cattle were sold. It was built under the extension of the Garden Street, and grew quickly, becoming the cheapest and the most active market in Saint Petersburg. The Hay Market was a place where merchants and farmers could trade. It was there that malefactors were flogged before a large concourse of people.
In 1753 local merchants commissioned the building of the Church of the Assumption of the Mother of God in a sumptuous Baroque style. In the middle of the square is a former guardhouse (1818–20). Cholera riots took place in the square in 1831. The surrounding district was known for its infamous slums, which provide the setting for Dostoevsky's novel Crime and Punishment.
In 1961, at the height of Nikita Khrushchev's anti-religious campaign, he had the church blown up to make way for a new metro station; a chapel now marks the site. The 17.5 meter high "Peace Column", a gift of France for the tercentenary of St. Petersburg, was dismantled during the heatwave of 2010. The column featured the word "peace" written in 49 languages.
Three metro stations serve the square; Sennaya Ploshchad, Sadovaya and Spasskaya. It is also a bus and marshrutka station. It used to have regular tram transportation until 2010, a fragment of the tram rails having been preserved as a historical mark.
- Schrader, Heiko (2000). "XIII: The Present Lombard Landscape in Saint Petersburg". Lombard Houses in St. Petersburg: Pawing [sic] as a Survival Strategy of Low-income Households?. Hamburg: LIT Verlag Münster. p. 45. ISBN 3-8258-5109-5.