Seocheon of Goguryeo

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Seocheon of Goguryeo
Hangul 서천왕, 서양왕
Hanja 西川王, 西壤王
Revised Romanization Seocheon-wang, Seoyang-wang
McCune–Reischauer Sŏch'ŏn-wang
Birth name
Hangul 고약로, 약우
Hanja 高藥盧, 若友
Revised Romanization Go Yak-ro, Yak-u
McCune–Reischauer Ko Yangno

King Seocheon of Goguryeo (died 292, r. 270–292)[1] was the 13th ruler of Goguryeo, the northernmost of the Three Kingdoms of Korea. He was the second son of King Jungcheon, and was confirmed as Crown Prince in 255.[2][3] He ascended the throne upon his father's death in 270. In the first lunar month of 271, he married Usu, the daughter of the daesaja of Seo-bu, to be his queen.[2]

In 280, the Sushen people invaded and the king sent his younger brother Go Dal-ga to repel them. Dal-ga took the fortress, Dallo and killed its lord, and moved about 600 Sushen households to southern Buyeo.[4] Subjugating 6 or 8 villages of Sushen, King Seocheon made Dal-ga the Prince of National Peace (Anguk-gun) and gave him control of the army, and of the Sushen and Yangmaek tribes.[1] In 286, Seocheon's younger brothers Go Il-u and Go So-bal led an insurrection, but the rebellion failed and they were slain.[1]

King Seocheon died in 292, after 23 years on the throne. He was buried at Seocheonwon, and accordingly received the temple name of "Seocheon." His masoleum is considered to have been stolen around 296 when another nomadic people invaded Goguryeo in the reign of Bongsang.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "King Seocheon". KBS Radio. KBS. Retrieved 31 January 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c "서천왕". KOCCA. Korea Creative Contents Agency. Retrieved 31 January 2016. 
  3. ^ Kim, Bushik (1145). Samguk Sagi(三國史記 卷第十七 髙句麗本紀 第五) (in Korean). Retrieved 31 January 2016.  八年, 立王子藥盧爲王太子, 赦國内.
  4. ^ Kim, Bushik (1145). Samguk Sagi(三國史記 卷第十七 髙句麗本紀 第五) (in Korean). Retrieved 31 January 2016.  十一年, 冬十月, 肅愼來侵, 屠害邊民, 王謂羣臣曰, “寡人以眇末之軀, 謬襲邦基, 德不能綏, 威不能震, 致此鄰敵猾我疆域. 思得謀臣猛將, 以折遐衝, 咨爾群公, 各舉竒謀異略才堪將帥者.” 羣臣皆曰, “王弟逹賈, 勇而有智略, 堪爲大將.” 王於是, 遣逹賈徃伐之. 逹賈出竒掩擊, 拔檀盧城, 殺酋長, 遷六百餘家於扶餘南烏川, 降部落六七所, 以爲附庸. 王大恱, 拜逹賈爲安國君, 知内外兵馬事, 兼統梁貊·肅愼諸部落.
Seocheon of Goguryeo
 Died: 292
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Jungcheon
King of Goguryeo
270–292
Succeeded by
Bongsang