Seoi nage

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Illustration of Seoi Nage Judo throw
Illustration of Seoi Nage Judo throw
Sub classificationTe-waza
Technique name
RōmajiSeoi nage
EnglishOver the Back Throw

Seoi nage (背負い投げ, lit.'over the back throw') is a throw in judo. It is one of the traditional forty throws of judo as developed by Jigoro Kano. It belongs to the first group, Dai Ikkyo, of the traditional throwing list, Gokyo (no waza), of Kodokan Judo. It is also part of the current official throws of Kodokan Judo. It is classified as a hand technique, te-waza, and is the second throw performed in the Nage-no-kata. Seoi nage literally means "over the back throw", but has also been translated as a "shoulder throw", as the opponent or uke is thrown over the thrower or tori's shoulder.[1]

Illustration of Kata Eri Seoi from Kata-eri-kata-sode


Eri Seoi Nage/kata-eri-seoi-nage: tori grips the sleeve and lapel on the same side.

Illustration Kata-eri-seoi-nage/eri seoi nage

The specific techniques of morote-seoi-nage (two hands seoi-nage), or eri-seoi, are usually generalised as simply seoi-nage.


The distinctive technical aspect of this classification is that tori (the one executing the technique) grips with their two hands, as opposed to Ippon Seoi Nage, in which only one hand remains gripping while the other slides under uke's (the one receiving the technique)

reverse seoi-nage:

reverse seoi-nage involves spinning up to 360 degrees so that uke ends up being thrown backwards rather than forward, as in other variations. Renowned seoi-nage martial artists are Isao Okano and Toshihiko Koga, and renowned reverse seoi-nage judoka is Choi Min-ho, who popularised the variation.

It is banned in competitions under IJF rules as uke is unable to breakfall properly.


Seoi nage is likely to have developed from the jujutsu throw empi nage in which an arm bar is used as leverage to throw uke over tori’s shoulder. [2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "400+ Judo Terms - Ultimate List of Japanese Judo Terms and Terminology". Retrieved 26 January 2023.
  2. ^ Craig, Darrell Max: Japan’s ultimate martial art; Jujitsu before 1882, The classical Japanese art of self-defense, Tuttle Publishing, 1995, ISBN 0-8048-3027-4, p.73


Further reading[edit]

  • Nakanishi, Hidetoshi (1992), "Seoi-nage", Judo Masterclass Techniques (second ed.), Ippon Books, ISBN 0-9518455-4-3

External links[edit]