List of active separatist movements in Asia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Separatist movements of China)
Jump to: navigation, search

This is a list of currently active separatist movements in Asia. Separatism includes autonomism and secessionism. What is and is not considered an autonomist or secessionist movement is sometimes contentious. Entries on this list must meet three criteria:

  1. They are active movements with current, active members.
  2. They are seeking greater autonomy or self-determination for a geographic region (as opposed to personal autonomy).
  3. They are the citizen/peoples of the conflict area and not comes from other country.

Under each region listed is one or more of the following:


Breakaway state:



Chittagong Hill Tracts

Bangabhumi (বঙ্গভূমি)


Flag of Rakhine.svg Arakan

Flag of Chin State.svg Zo Asia

Flag of Kachin State.svg Kachin

Karen National Union Flag.png Kawthoolei

Flag of Kayah State.svg Karenni


Flag of Mon State.svg Mon State

Flag of Rahmanland (Rohingya).png Northern Arakan (Rohang State)[citation needed][dubious ]

Flag of the Shan State.svg Shan States

Wa nationality flag.png Wa State

Flag of Bnei Menashe.svg Zale'n-gam

Flag of Zomi Re-unification Organisation.svg Zogam


Self-declared state:

 Northern Cyprus


The China People's Republic of China (China, PRC) insists itself being the sole legitimate state representing China. The PRC's territory consists of Mainland China, Hong Kong, and Macau. The PRC also claims the ROC-controlled area to be its territory. The PRC established the Special Administrative Region in Hong Kong and Macau under one country, two systems policy.

The Taiwan Republic of China (Taiwan, ROC) insists itself being the sole legitimate state representing China. The ROC's territory consists of the island of Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen, Matsu, and nearby islands. The ROC also constitutionally claims the PRC-controlled area to be its territory.

Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region


Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region

 Hong Kong Special Administrative Region[7][8]


Breakaway states:

Flag of Abkhazia.svg


 South Ossetia

Proposed autonomous movements:

Armenia Armenians in Samtskhe-Javakheti











  • Proposed state: Flag of Free Aceh Movement.svg Republic of Aceh
    • Militant organisation: Free Aceh Movement (negotiated peace with the Indonesian government in 2005, and now it is a civil movement, but the separatism still has supporters)


South Moluccas


  • Proposed state: Gerakan Kemerdekaan Minahasa

West Papua


  • Proposed state: Flag of Riau Independists.svg Riau
    • Advocacy group: Gerakan Riau Merdeka[19]


Azerbaijan (Iran)

Turkmen Sahra


Iranian Kurdistan



See: Minorities in Iraq

Proposed states:



Flag of Iraq Turkmen Front.svg Turkmeneli

Sinjar[citation needed]


Flag of Hokkaido Prefecture.svg Hokkaido[23][24]

Flag of Okinawa Prefecture.svg Okinawa



Member of the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization


Sarawak Sarawak[25][26]

  • Proposed state: Sarawak
  • Advocacy group: Borneo Heritage Foundation (BHF), Sarawak Association of People’s Aspirations (SAPA), Sarawak Sovereignty Movement, Sabah Sarawak Keluar Malaysia (SSKM), Sarawak Liberation Movement[25][27]

Sabah Sabah[25][26]




Flag of Balochistan.png Balochistan[30]

Flag of Sindh.svg Sindh[31]

Flag of Gilgit Baltistan.svg Gilgit-Baltistan


See: International recognition of Palestine/currently mostly occupied by Israel as part of the Palestinian territories

Flag of the State of Judea.png State of Judea


Bangsamoro Region

Cordillera Administrative Region

National Capital Region


Siberian Regionalism

 Sakha Republic

Flag of Tuva.svg Tuva

  • Ethnic group: Tuvans
  • Proposed state: Flag of Tuva.svg Tuva
    • Political parties: People's Party of Sovereign Tuva, People's Front "Free Tuva"

Sri Lanka[edit]

 Tamil Eelam


Flag of Syrian Kurdistan.svg Rojava

Proposed states:

Flag of Druze.svg As-Suwayda

ArameanFlag.png Aram[citation needed][original research?]


Official Flag of Syrian Turkmen.jpg Syrian Turkmen




Flag of Pattani.svg Patani


Flag of Kurdistan.svg Northern Kurdistan[47]


Flag of Karakalpakstan.svg Karakalpakstan


Flag of South Yemen.svg South Yemen

Flag of Hadramout.svg Hadhramaut

See also[edit]


  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ ""Inner Mongolian People's Party" and the basic facts about its key members". Southern Mongolian Human Rights Information Center. Retrieved 2009-04-11. 
  3. ^ "モンゴル自由連盟党". Retrieved 2010-11-22. (JP)
  4. ^ "Speech of His Holiness the Dalai Lama to the European Parliament, Strasbourg". The Office of His Holiness the Dalai Lama. 2001-10-14. Archived from the original on March 25, 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-11. 
  5. ^ "INTERNATIONAL TIBET INDEPENDENCE MOVEMENT". International Tibet Independence Movement. Retrieved 2009-04-11. 
  6. ^ "Al-Qaeda and Islamic State Take Aim at China. Why have both groups turned their attention to Beijing?". The Diplomat. Retrieved 30 March 2017. 
  7. ^ "HK 'Independence' party slammed, could cause trouble in the region". Global Times. Retrieved 26 November 2015. 
  8. ^ "Determined". The Economist. Retrieved 26 November 2015. 
  9. ^ [2]
  10. ^ "South Ossetia, former part of Georgia, to hold 'special' referendum to join Russia". RT. 20 February 2016. Retrieved 9 March 2016. 
  11. ^ "Russia's Javakhk Diaspora demands autonomous region status for Samtskhe-Javakhk". Retrieved 28 February 2010. [permanent dead link]
  12. ^ "US State Department and Javakhk: The WikiLeaks Cables Part I". Asbarez. Retrieved 9 September 2011. 
  13. ^ "Perhatian Buruk! Warga Perbatasan Ancam Kibarkan Bendera Malaysia" (in Indonesian). Tribun News. 4 August 2011. Retrieved 4 July 2014. 
  14. ^ "Duh, WNI di Perbatasan Ancam Gabung ke Malaysia" (in Indonesian). I Today. 1 May 2012. Retrieved 4 July 2014. 
  15. ^ "Sejumlah Kecamatan Perbatasan Ingin Gabung Malaysia" (in Indonesian). JPNN. 11 May 2011. Retrieved 4 July 2014. 
  16. ^ "Warga Sebatik Ingin Gabung ke Malaysia, NKRI Diambang Kehancuran?" (in Indonesian). Jawaban News. 12 May 2011. Retrieved 4 July 2014. 
  17. ^ "Minahasa Nationalism". Indonesia Matters. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  18. ^ "Christian Sulawesi (Minahasa) seeks independence from Muslim Indonesia". Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  19. ^
  20. ^
  21. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-08-12. Retrieved 2010-07-28.  National Libration [sic] Movement of Ahwaz
  22. ^ "Democratic Party of Iranian Kurdistan". Democratic Party of Iranian Kurdistan. Archived from the original on 2009-04-01. Retrieved 2009-04-11. 
  23. ^
  24. ^
  25. ^ a b c d "Group draws up self determination petition for Sarawak and Sabah". The Borneo Post. 13 August 2014. Retrieved 12 November 2014. 
  26. ^ a b "Many in Sabah, Sarawak don't want to be part of Malaysia, claims analyst". The Rakyat Post. 16 February 2014. Retrieved 12 November 2014. 
  27. ^ a b "Sabahan secession instigator unfazed by impending probe". The Star. 6 September 2014. Retrieved 12 November 2014. 
  28. ^ "Madhesis in Nepal to continue protests till next election, says separatist leader". Catch News. 3 February 2016. Retrieved 1 March 2016. 
  29. ^
  30. ^
  31. ^ Bansal, Alok. "Violent Sindhi nationalism raises its head again". South Asia Monitor. Retrieved 23 November 2015. 
  32. ^ Regelado, Edith (4 November 2014). "MILF organizing political party for 2016 and beyond". The Philippine Star. Retrieved 25 January 2015. 
  33. ^ Pike, John. "Abu Sayyaf Group (ASG)". FAS Intelligence Resource Program. Archived from the original on 4 May 2006. Retrieved 20 February 2015. 
  34. ^ Chido, Diane. "Intel Brief: The Abu Sayyaf model". International Relations and Security Network. International Relations and Security Network. Retrieved 20 February 2015. 
  35. ^ a b "BIFF, Abu Sayyaf pledge allegiance to Islamic State jihadists". GMA News. Agence France-Presse. 16 August 2014. Retrieved 20 February 2015. 
  36. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 2015-06-29. 
  37. ^ a b Sabillo, Kristine Angeli (20 February 2015). "BIFF only wants Islamic state". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 20 February 2015. 
  38. ^ "Cordillera Solons expressed views on regional autonomy". National Economic and Development Authority - Cordillera Administrative Region. 12 August 2013. Retrieved 28 February 2015. 
  39. ^ Ponciano, Mark Allen (24 March 2017). "Cordi autonomy bill filed as HB 5343". National Economic and Development Authority - Cordillera Administrative Region. Retrieved 6 October 2017. 
  40. ^ Dumlao, Artemio (11 February 2014). "Autonomy movement revived in Cordillera". The Philippine Star. Retrieved 31 August 2017. 
  41. ^ Dumlao, Artemio (31 January 2013). "Rebels still dream of Cordillera's autonomy". The Philippine Star. Retrieved 3 October 2017. 
  42. ^ Bitog, Rubyloida (21 April 2013). "Elders unite Bodong factions". Sun Star Baguio. Retrieved 6 October 2017. 
  43. ^ "QC mayor Bautista seeks 'independent Metro Manila state'". Rappler. 17 August 2017. Retrieved 31 August 2017. 
  44. ^
  45. ^ a b "Roots of the Conflict". El Gringo. Archived from the original on 2009-10-23. Retrieved 2009-04-10. 
  46. ^ "Pattani United Liberation Organization (PULO)". Retrieved 2009-04-10. 
  47. ^ Pike, John (21 May 2004). "Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK)". Federation of American Scientists. Retrieved 23 July 2008. 
  48. ^ "Uzbekistan: Shadowy Group Agitates For 'Free Karakalpakstan'". Radio Free Europe. 2008-04-05. Retrieved 2009-04-11. 
  49. ^ "Five killed at secessionist protest in south Yemen". London: BBC. 2009-11-25. Retrieved 2009-11-25. 
  50. ^ The New Arab. "GCC: Aden-based Southern Transitional Council 'doomed to fail'". Retrieved 2017-06-08. 
  51. ^ The New Arab. "Banished Aden governor forms independent "South Yemen" council". Retrieved 2017-06-08. 
  52. ^ Saudi Research & Marketing (uk) Ltd. "Thirty Southern Figures Reject Transitional Council in Aden - ASHARQ AL-AWSAT English". Retrieved 2017-06-08. 
  53. ^
  54. ^
  55. ^