Sephadex

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Sephadex is a trademark for cross-linked dextran gel used for gel filtration. It was launched by Pharmacia in 1959, after development work by Jerker Porath and Per Flodin.[1][2] The name is derived from separation Pharmacia dextran. It is normally manufactured in a bead form and most commonly used for gel filtration columns. By varying the degree of cross-linking, the fractionation properties of the gel can be altered.

These highly specialized gel filtration and chromatographic media are composed of macroscopic beads synthetically derived from the polysaccharide dextran. The organic chains are cross-linked to give a three-dimensional network having functional ionic groups attached by ether linkages to glucose units of the polysaccharide chains.

Available forms include anion and cation exchangers, as well as gel filtration resins, with varying degrees of porosity; bead sizes fall in discrete ranges between 20 and 300 µm.

Sephadex is also used for ion-exchange chromatography[3].

Applications[edit]

Sephadex is used to separate molecules by molecular weight. Sephadex is a faster alternative to dialysis (de-salting), requiring a low dilution factor (as little as 1.4:1), with high activity recoveries. Sephadex is also used for buffer exchange and the removal of small molecules during the preparation of large biomolecules, such as ampholytes, detergents, radioactive or fluorescent labels, and phenol (during DNA purification).

A special form of Sephadex resin, named Sephadex LH-20, is used for the separation and purification of small organic molecules such as steroids, terpenoids, lipids. An example of use is the purification of cholesterol.[4]

Fractionation[edit]

Exclusion chromatography.

Fractionation Range[5] of Globular Proteins and Dextrans (Da).

Gel Type Fractionation Range
Globular

Proteins

Dextrans
G-10 ≤700 ≤700
G-15 ≤1500 ≤1500
G-25 1000–5000 100–5,000
G-50 1500–30,000 500–10,000
G-75 3000–80,000 1000–50,000
G-75 SF 3000–70,000 1000–50,000
G-100 4000–150,000 1000–100,000
G-100 SF 4000–100,000 1000–100,000
G-150 5000–300,000 1000–150,000
G-150 SF 5000–150,000 1000–150,000
G-200 5000–600,000 1000–200,000
G-200 SF 5000–250,000 1000–200,000

Ion-exchange chromatography.

Description Functionality Bead size (µ)
Sephadex-CM C-25 carboxymethyl 40-120
Sephadex-CM C-50 carboxymethyl 40-120
Sephadex-DEAE A-25 2-(diethylamino)ethyl 40-120
Sephadex-DEAE A-50 2-(diethylamino)ethyl 40-120
Sephadex-QAE A-25 quaternary aminoethyl 40-120
Sephadex-QAE A-50 quaternary aminoethyl 40-120
Sephadex-SP C-25 sulfopropyl 40-120
Sephadex-SP C-50 sulfopropyl 40-120

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "From Sephadex to GE Healthcare". chemeurope.com. Archived from the original on Jul 31, 2012. Retrieved Jan 2, 2019.
  2. ^ Porath, J; Flodin, P (1959). "Gel Filtration: A Method for Desalting and Group Separation". Nature. 183 (4676): 1657–1659. doi:10.1038/1831657a0. ISSN 1476-4687. PMID 13666849.
  3. ^ "Sephadex® ion exchange media" (PDF). chembio.uoguelph.ca. Pharmacia Biotech.
  4. ^ Hanukoglu I, Jefcoate CR (1980). "Pregnenolone separation from cholesterol using Sephadex LH-20 mini-columns" (PDF). Journal of Chromatography A. 190 (1): 256–262. doi:10.1016/S0021-9673(00)85545-4. ISSN 0021-9673.
  5. ^ "Instructions for Sephadex Media" (PDF). gelifesciences.co.jp (product manual). GE Healthcare. Apr 7, 2008. Retrieved Jan 2, 2019.