Sepioloidea lineolata

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Sepioloidea lineolata
Pyjama squid.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Cephalopoda
Order: Sepiida
Family: Sepiadariidae
Genus: Sepioloidea
Species:
S. lineolata
Binomial name
Sepioloidea lineolata
(Quoy & Gaimard, 1832)[2]
Synonyms
  • Sepiola lineolata
    Quoy & Gaimard, 1832
Sepioloidea lineolata camouflaged against a background of broken shells

Sepioloidea lineolata, also known as the striped pyjama squid, is a bobtail squid native to the southern Indo-Pacific; it occurs off eastern, southern and western Australia.[3] The species is found on sand and amongst seagrass in waters up to 20 metres (66 ft) in depth.[4]

S. lineolata is small and rounded in appearance. It grows to 50 millimetres (2.0 in) in mantle length.[3] The arms are short and webbed. Thin dark brown longitudinal stripes cover the entire body, which has a cream background. The eyes protrude from the mantle and have an orange upper lid. The overall appearance resembles a dumpling; another common name for this species is the striped dumpling squid.[4]

It tends to bury itself in sand so that only the top of its head is visible.[5]

Along with the Pfeffer's Flamboyant Cuttlefish, S. lineolata is suspected to be one of the few poisonous cephalopods.[6]

The type specimen of S. lineolata was collected in Jervis Bay, southeastern Australia. It is deposited at the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle in Paris.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Barratt, I.; Allcock, L. (2012). "Sepioloidea lineolata". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2012: e.T162499A903030. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2012-1.RLTS.T162499A903030.en. Downloaded on 08 February 2018.
  2. ^ Julian Finn (2016). "Sepioloidea lineolata (Quoy & Gaimard, 1832)". World Register of Marine Species. Flanders Marine Institute. Retrieved 8 February 2018.
  3. ^ a b Reid, A. 2005. Family Sepiadariidae. In: P. Jereb & C.F.E. Roper, eds. Cephalopods of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of species known to date. Volume 1. Chambered nautiluses and sepioids (Nautilidae, Sepiidae, Sepiolidae, Sepiadariidae, Idiosepiidae and Spirulidae). FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes. No. 4, Vol. 1. Rome, FAO. pp. 204–207.
  4. ^ a b Morrison, Sue; Storrie, Ann (1999). Wonders of Western Waters: The Marine Life of South-Western Australia. CALM. p. 81. ISBN 0-7309-6894-4.
  5. ^ Striped Pyjama Squid (video), William Owyong, 2011.
  6. ^ Australian Museum, Striped Pyjama Squid – Sepioloidea lineolata (Quoy and Gaimard, 1832)
  7. ^ Current Classification of Recent Cephalopoda

External links[edit]