Septar Mehmet Yakub

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Septar Mehmet Yakub
Septar Mehmet Iacub
Born 1904
Azaplar/(now Tătaru), Constanta, Kingdom of Romania
Died 1991 (aged 86–87)
Constanta, Constanta County, Romania
Resting place Constanta Muslim Central Cemetery
44°10′23″N 28°37′20″E / 44.173046°N 28.622309°E / 44.173046; 28.622309
Nationality Crimean Tatar
Occupation lawyer, Mufti of Romania
Years active 1947-1990 (Mufti)
Known for He was a promoter of harmony and peace
Predecessor Mitat Rifat
Successor Ablakim Ibrahim
Religion Muslim[1]
Spouse(s) Zeyneb (1903-1972)
Children Saadet (daughter)

Septar Mehmet Yakub (known in Romanian as Septar Mehmet Iacub) (1904-1991) was a Crimean Tatar lawyer, thinker, spiritual leader of Tatars and Turks in Dobruja, Mufti of the Muslim community in Romania. He was a promoter of harmony and peace.[1]


Yakub was born in 1904 in Azaplar, situated in the Tatar countryside west of Mangalia, a village known today by its official name Tătaru. He studied law at the University of Bucharest and he served in Constanta Bar Association. He backed the emigration to Turkey.[2]

He served as Mufti through the entire Communist era in his country, between 31 December 1947[3] and 1990, being preceded by Mitat Rifat and succeeded by Ablakim Ibrahim.[4] As head of the Muslim Cult, he was placed by Securitate under secret surveillance in operation “The Sultan” under allegations of insulting USSR and attempting to establish in 1950 a Muslim World Peace Organization.[2]

During Nicolae Ceaușescu's years in office he represented the community in the Great National Assembly, now Parliament of Romania. He was friend with Justinian[3] and Teoctist,[5] Patriarchs of the Romanian Orthodox Church, and with Dr. Moses Rosen, Chief Rabbi of Romanian Jewry.

He had a good acquaintance with the Romanian culture and became one of Romania's important speakers on the international scene,[6] a non official "ambassador" during his visits in Arab and Muslim countries. [7] He thought that “Israel and the Arabs must come together and talk peace directly.”[1]

In 1990, when the editors of Renkler Journal in Bucharest led by historian Tahsin Gemil created the Tatar movement based on ideas of cultural and linguistic uniformity, Mehmet Yakub opposed this project creating a movement with cultural diversity conservation views activating under the motto Tek niyet, mútenevviyet ("Unity in diversity").[8]

Yakub died in 1991, in Constanta. His body is near his wife, Zeyneb, in Constanta Muslim Central Cemetery at: 44.173046, 28.622309.



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