Jump to navigation Jump to search
The following events occurred in September 1934:
- 1 September 1, 1934 (Saturday)
- 2 September 2, 1934 (Sunday)
- 3 September 3, 1934 (Monday)
- 4 September 4, 1934 (Tuesday)
- 5 September 5, 1934 (Wednesday)
- 6 September 6, 1934 (Thursday)
- 7 September 7, 1934 (Friday)
- 8 September 8, 1934 (Saturday)
- 9 September 9, 1934 (Sunday)
- 10 September 10, 1934 (Monday)
- 11 September 11, 1934 (Tuesday)
- 12 September 12, 1934 (Wednesday)
- 13 September 13, 1934 (Thursday)
- 14 September 14, 1934 (Friday)
- 15 September 15, 1934 (Saturday)
- 16 September 16, 1934 (Sunday)
- 17 September 17, 1934 (Monday)
- 18 September 18, 1934 (Tuesday)
- 19 September 19, 1934 (Wednesday)
- 20 September 20, 1934 (Thursday)
- 21 September 21, 1934 (Friday)
- 22 September 22, 1934 (Saturday)
- 23 September 23, 1934 (Sunday)
- 24 September 24, 1934 (Monday)
- 25 September 25, 1934 (Tuesday)
- 26 September 26, 1934 (Wednesday)
- 27 September 27, 1934 (Thursday)
- 28 September 28, 1934 (Friday)
- 29 September 29, 1934 (Saturday)
- 30 September 30, 1934 (Sunday)
- 31 References
September 1, 1934 (Saturday)
- The textile worker's strike began in the United States as approximately 1 million workers walked off the job shortly before midnight.
- José María Velasco Ibarra became President of Ecuador.
September 2, 1934 (Sunday)
- Limerick and Dublin played to a draw in the All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship Final. A rematch was held on September 28.
- Born: Grady Nutt, Southern Baptist minister and humorist, in Amarillo, Texas (d. 1982)
- Died: Russ Columbo, 26, American singer, violinist and actor (shot in accident); Alcide Nunez, 50, American jazz clarinetist
September 3, 1934 (Monday)
- Evangeline Booth was elected General of the Salvation Army, the first woman to hold the position.
September 4, 1934 (Tuesday)
- 8 were killed by bombs in Havana during a nationwide strike of government workers. President Carlos Mendieta promised a relaxation of martial law.
- Born: Clive Granger, economist and Nobel laureate, in Swansea, Wales (d. 2009); Eduard Khil, baritone singer, in Smolensk, USSR (d. 2012)
September 5, 1934 (Wednesday)
- The 8th Nuremberg Rally formally opened in Nazi Germany. Adolf Wagner read a proclamation written by Hitler which first established the concept of a "Thousand Year Reich", declaring that the Nazi revolution was complete and there were to be no more revolutions in Germany for the next 1,000 years.
- 11,000 public transit workers went on strike in Tokyo, Japan.
- The first known victim of the notorious Cleveland Torso Murderer, the Lady of the Lake, is discovered on the shore of Lake Erie.
September 6, 1934 (Thursday)
- Hitler reviewed a parade of 52,000 young labourers on the Nuremberg Rally grounds.
September 7, 1934 (Friday)
- Hitler addressed 350,000 party members and spectators at Nuremberg.
- Born: Little Milton, blues singer and guitarist, in Inverness, Mississippi (d. 2005)
September 8, 1934 (Saturday)
- The ocean liner Morro Castle caught on fire off the coast of New Jersey. Only six of the twelve lifeboats were lowered and a total of 137 people died in the disaster.
- Gunshots were fired at the home of Austrian Vice-Chancellor Ernst Rüdiger Starhemberg. After a commotion the shots were attributed to a careless guard who bumped his rifle against a wall.
- Born: Peter Maxwell Davies, composer and conductor, in Salford, Lancashire, England (d. 2016)
September 9, 1934 (Sunday)
- 7,000 police and guardsmen were dispatched to London's Hyde Park, looking to head off any potential violence on the occasion of a rally by 1,200 members of Oswald Mosley's British Union of Fascists. About 8,000 to 9,000 anti-fascists and onlookers also turned out, but the police cordon was so thick that no one on the outside of it could hear the speeches. A total of eighteen arrests were made, mostly for disorderly conduct.
- Rudolf Caracciola and Luigi Fagioli won the Italian Grand Prix.
- The Little King, a comic strip by Otto Soglow that had appeared in The New Yorker for several years, made its debut in its new form of a newspaper comic strip.
- Died: Roger Fry, 67, English painter and critic
September 10, 1934 (Monday)
- The 8th Nuremberg Rally ended with a closing address by Hitler.
- Police were called upon to end the Costa Rican banana workers' strike, firing on strike leaders and arresting others.
- Born: Charles Kuralt, journalist, in Wilmington, North Carolina (d. 1997); Roger Maris, baseball player, in Hibbing, Minnesota (d. 1985)
September 11, 1934 (Tuesday)
- Cuban officials revealed the confiscation of five mail packages containing bombs addressed to American ambassador Jefferson Caffery.
- Born: Ian Abercrombie, actor, in Grays, Essex, England (d. 2012)
September 12, 1934 (Wednesday)
- Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia signed a treaty of mutual support that led to the formation of the Baltic Entente.
- The mystery film Charlie Chan in London starring Warner Oland was released.
- Died: Catherine Breshkovsky, 90, Russian socialist
September 13, 1934 (Thursday)
September 14, 1934 (Friday)
- Nazi Germany appealed to brides to help save the country's gold reserves by substituting gold wedding rings for those made of white alloy instead.
- Russia reaffirmed its claim to Herald Island by hoisting a Soviet flag there.
- Born: Sarah Kofman, philosopher, in Paris, France (d. 1994)
September 15, 1934 (Saturday)
- The Australia federal election was held. The incumbent United Australia Party led by Prime Minister Joseph Lyons retained its plurality in the House of Representatives, but lost its absolute majority and would have to rely on a coalition with the Country Party to remain in power.
- Born: Fred Nile, politician, in King's Cross, New South Wales, Australia
September 16, 1934 (Sunday)
- Poland won the Challenge International de Tourisme aviation contest in Warsaw.
- William Randolph Hearst met with Adolf Hitler in Berlin.
- Born: Elgin Baylor, basketball player, coach and executive, in Washington, D.C.; Ronnie Drew, folk musician and actor, in Dún Laoghaire, Ireland (d. 2008)
September 17, 1934 (Monday)
- Nome, Alaska was virtually destroyed by fire.
- Albania and the Soviet Union began diplomatic relations.
- Born: Maureen Connolly, tennis player, in San Diego, California (d. 1969); Binoy Majumdar, poet, in Burma (d. 2006)
September 18, 1934 (Tuesday)
- The League of Nations voted to admit the Soviet Union, 39 to 3.
- Benito Mussolini ordered compulsory military service for all Italian boys above the age of 8.
- Sam Rice of the Cleveland Indians played in his final major league game, going 3-for-5 with a double against the Washington Senators.
- Died: Ruth Hale, 46 or 47, American writer and feminist
September 19, 1934 (Wednesday)
- Bruno Hauptmann was arrested in the Lindbergh kidnapping.
- Born: Brian Epstein, businessman and manager of the Beatles, in Liverpool, England (d. 1967)
- Died: Lorin C. Woolley, 77, American Mormon fundamentalist leader
September 20, 1934 (Thursday)
- Wrestling champion Jim Londos defeated Ed "Strangler" Lewis before a crowd of 35,265 at Wrigley Field in Chicago, the biggest crowd in pro wrestling history to that point.
- Burleigh Grimes of the Pittsburgh Pirates played in his final major league game, pitching a scoreless inning against the Brooklyn Dodgers.
- Born: Takayuki Kubota, karate master and founder of the International Karate Association, in Kumamoto, Japan; Sophia Loren, actress, in Rome, Italy; David Marquand, academic and politician, in Cardiff, Wales; Jeff Morris, actor, in St. Joseph, Missouri (d. 2004); Rajinder Puri, cartoonist and activist, in Karachi, British Raj (d. 2015)
September 21, 1934 (Friday)
- The Muroto typhoon struck Japan, killing over 2,700 people.
- Paul Dean of the St. Louis Cardinals pitched a 3-0 no-hitter against the Brooklyn Dodgers. It was the second game of a doubleheader; in the first game, Paul's brother Dizzy Dean also pitched a complete game shutout of the Dodgers.
- Born: Leonard Cohen, musician, poet and novelist, in Westmount, Quebec (d. 2016)
September 22, 1934 (Saturday)
- Gresford disaster: 266 were killed in north-east Wales when a coal mine exploded.
- The United Textile Workers of America called off the three-week old textile worker's strike.
- The stage musical The Great Waltz premiered at the Center Theatre on Broadway.
- Born: Lute Olson, basketball coach, in Mayville, North Dakota
September 23, 1934 (Sunday)
- Ludwig Müller was proclaimed the supreme head of the German Protestant church at the Berlin Cathedral, despite hundreds of opposition pastors denouncing him from their pulpits.
- Luigi Fagioli won the Spanish Grand Prix.
- Born: Ahmad Shah Khan, Crown Prince of Afghanistan, in Kabul, Afghanistan
- Died: Lucien Gaudin, 47, French Olympic fencing champion
September 24, 1934 (Monday)
- The Detroit Tigers won the American League pennant, their first in 25 years, when the New York Yankees were eliminated by losing to the Boston Red Sox 5-0. The game also proved to be Babe Ruth's last at Yankee Stadium; he drew a walk in the first inning and was replaced by a pinch-runner.
- Born: Tommy Anderson, footballer, in Haddington, Scotland; Robert Lang, actor, in Bristol, England (d. 2004); Princess Maria Pia of Bourbon-Parma, eldest daughter of Umberto II of Italy and Marie José of Belgium, in Naples, Italy
September 25, 1934 (Tuesday)
- Hugh S. Johnson resigned as head of the National Recovery Administration.
- King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy announced an amnesty for all Italians imprisoned for two years or less, in celebration of the birth of Princess Maria.
- The New York Yacht Club retained the America's Cup, defeating the Royal Yacht Squadron four races to two.
September 26, 1934 (Wednesday)
- The RMS Queen Mary was launched into Glasgow's River Clyde in the presence of King George V and the ship's namesake, Queen consort Mary of Teck. It was the largest ship in the world at the time.
- Afghanistan was admitted to the League of Nations.
- Died: Alexander Moszkowski, 83, German-Jewish satirist, writer and philosopher
September 27, 1934 (Thursday)
- Former Cuban president Ramón Grau fled the country by plane with seven members of his family. The executive committee of his party, the Partido Auténtico, issued a statement saying it had advised him to leave after receiving reports that he was in personal danger.
- King Alexander of Yugoslavia made an official visit to Bulgaria.
- The first six-man football game was played in Hebron, Nebraska.
- Born: Beverly Armstrong, baseball player, in Maywood, New Jersey; Wilford Brimley, actor, in Salt Lake City, Utah
September 28, 1934 (Friday)
- The Winwick rail crash killed 11 people in Cheshire, England.
- Limerick defeated Dublin in the rematch of the All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship Final.
- The Dublin newspaper strike ended after ten weeks.
- Born: Brigitte Bardot, actress, model and animal rights activist, in Paris, France
September 29, 1934 (Saturday)
- The London, Scottish & Provincial Airways Airspeed Courier crash occurred north of Shoreham, Kent, England
- The Mutual Broadcasting System was established.
- The play Merrily We Roll Along by George S. Kaufman and Moss Hart premiered at the Music Box Theatre on Broadway.
- Born: Skandor Akbar, professional wrestler and manager, in Vernon, Texas (d. 2010)
- Born: Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi, a psychologist famous for his Flow theory
- Died: Archibald Marshall, 68, English author, publisher and journalist
September 30, 1934 (Sunday)
- U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt gave a fireside chat titled "On Government and Capitalism".
- The St. Louis Cardinals clinched the National League pennant on the final day of the season when the New York Giants were eliminated by losing to the Brooklyn Dodgers 8-5 in ten innings.
- Babe Ruth played his final game as a Yankee, going 0-for-3 at Griffith Stadium in Washington during a 5-3 loss to the Senators.
- Born: Alan A'Court, footballer, in Rainhill, England (d. 2009); Udo Jürgens, composer and singer, in Klagenfurt, Austria (d. 2014); Anna Kashfi, actress, in Darjeeling, British India (d. 2015)
- Died: Mary Brough, 71, English actress
- "Textile Strike of a Million Called". Chicago Daily Tribune. September 2, 1934. p. 1.
- "Booth Dynasty Regains Lead of Salvation Army". Chicago Daily Tribune. September 4, 1934. p. 13.
- "Bombs Kill 8 in Havana; 3 Die in Strike Clash". Chicago Daily Tribune. September 5, 1934. p. 7.
- "Revolution Now Over". The West Australian. Perth: 23. September 7, 1934.
- Mercer, Derrik (1989). Chronicle of the 20th Century. London: Chronicle Communications Ltd. p. 444. ISBN 978-0-582-03919-3.
- "11,000 Street Cat and Bus Workers Strike in Tokyo". Chicago Daily Tribune. September 5, 1934. p. 1.
- Schultz, Sigrid (September 7, 1934). "Hitler Bows to 300,000 as Nazi Youths Parade". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 8.
- Schultz, Sigrid (September 8, 1934). "Hitler Boasts He is Ruling by Divine Right". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 13.
- Coyle, Gretchen. "Morro Castle". New Jersry Maritime Museum. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
- "Fascist Prince's Home Fired On; Vienna Excited". Chicago Daily Tribune. September 9, 1934. p. 12.
- Steele, John (September 10, 1934). "7,000 Cops Keep Fascists, Reds Apart in London". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 10.
- Schultz, Sigrid (September 11, 1934). "Rule by Minority is Best, Hitler Tells Germans". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 3.
- Paige, Jeffrey M. (1997). Coffee and Power: Revolution and the Rise of Democracy in Central America. Harvard University Press. pp. 135–136. ISBN 978-0-674-13649-6.
- "Cuba Finds Five Bombs Mailed to U. S. Envoy". Chicago Daily Tribune. September 12, 1934. p. 17.
- "Chronology 1934". indiana.edu. 2002. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
- Schultz, Sigrid (September 15, 1934). "Germany Bans Gold Wedding Rings for Brides". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 13.
- "Russians Plant Soviet Flag on Arctic Island". Chicago Daily Tribune. September 15, 1934. p. 13.
- Proctor, Ben (2007). William Randolph Hearst : The Later Years, 1911–1951. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. p. 186. ISBN 978-0-19-971710-1.
- "Fire Destroys Nome, Alaska; Gold Rush City". Chicago Daily Tribune. September 18, 1934. p. 1.
- "Tageseinträge für 17. September 1934". chroniknet. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
- "Russia, Voted Seat in League, Pleads Peace". Chicago Daily Tribune. September 19, 1934. p. 4.
- "Il Duce Drafts All Boys Over 8 for Army Duty". Chicago Daily Tribune. September 19, 1934. p. 1.
- "Sam Rice 1934 Batting Gamelogs". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
- "The Lindbergh Kidnapping". Federal Bureau of Investigation. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
- Smith, Wilfrid (September 21, 1934). "Londos Pins Lewis Before Record 35,265". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 27.
- "Burleigh Grimes 1934 Pitching Gamelogs". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
- "1934 MLB No-Hitters". ESPN. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
- "Dizzy Dean 1934 Pitching Gamelogs". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
- "Textile Union Orders End of Strike". Chicago Daily Tribune. September 23, 1934. p. 1.
- "The Great Waltz". Playbill Vault. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
- Schultz, Sigrid (September 24, 1934). "German Pastors Accuse Hitler's Bishop of Heresy". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 3.
- Gallagher, Mark (2003). The Yankees Encyclopedia – 6th Edition. Sports Publishing, LLC. p. 204. ISBN 978-1-58261-683-4.
- "Johnson, NRA Chief, Resigns". Chicago Daily Tribune. September 26, 1934. p. 1.
- "Free Prisoners to Mark Birth of Italian Princess". Chicago Daily Tribune. September 26, 1934. p. 10.
- "U. S. Keeps Yacht Cup; Sopwith Drops Protest". Chicago Daily Tribune. September 26, 1934. p. 17.
- Steele, John (September 27, 1934). "World's Biggest Ship Launched as Queen Mary". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 4.
- "Ex-President Grau Flees from Cuba by Plane". Chicago Daily Tribune. September 28, 1934. p. 1.
- "Kisses of Kings and Queens End Old Balkan Feud". Chicago Daily Tribune. September 28, 1934. p. 7.
- "Settlement at Last". Townsville Daily Bulletin. Townsville: 5. October 1, 1934.
- French, Jack; Siegel, David S. (2014). Radio Rides the Range: A Reference Guide to Western Drama on the Air, 1929–1967. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, Inc. p. 123. ISBN 978-0-7864-7146-1.
- "Merrily We Roll Along". Playbill Vault. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
- "Fireside Chat 6: On Government and Capitalism (September 30, 1934)". Miller Center of Public Affairs. Archived from the original on September 18, 2015. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
- Burns, Edward (October 1, 1934). "St. Louis Wins League Championship". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 1.
- "Babe Ruth 1934 Batting Gamelogs". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved June 29, 2015.