September 1941

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The following events occurred in September 1941:

September 1, 1941 (Monday)[edit]

  • The Germans recaptured Mga from the Soviets.[1]
  • German forces came within artillery range of Leningrad.[2]
  • A Nazi regulation announced that starting September 19, all Jews of the Reich would be required to wear the yellow Star of David badge.[3]
  • U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt gave a Labor Day radio address to the American people. "American labor now bears a tremendous responsibility in the winning of this most brutal, most terrible of all wars," the president said. "In our factories and shops and arsenals we are building weapons on a scale great in its magnitude. To all the battle fronts of this world these weapons are being dispatched, by day and by night, over the seas and through the air. And this Nation is now devising and developing new weapons of unprecedented power toward the maintenance of democracy ... Our vast effort, and the unity of purpose that inspires that effort, are due solely to our recognition of the fact that our fundamental rights - including the rights of labor — are threatened by Hitler's violent attempt to rule the world."[4]
  • KYW-TV, the first American television station outside New York, went on the air in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
  • Born: George Saimes, American football player, in Canton, Ohio (d. 2013)
  • Died: Karl Parts, 55, Estonian military commander (executed by the Soviets)

September 2, 1941 (Tuesday)[edit]

September 3, 1941 (Wednesday)[edit]

September 4, 1941 (Thursday)[edit]

September 5, 1941 (Friday)[edit]

September 6, 1941 (Saturday)[edit]

September 7, 1941 (Sunday)[edit]

  • The German 6th Army broke through Soviet defenses near Konotop.[5]
  • German XIII, XLIII and XXXV Army Corps captured Chernihiv.[12]
  • 360 refugees disembarked the Spanish freighter Navemar at Havana. Four died in the overcrowded conditions during the voyage across the Atlantic.[13]
  • The results of a Gallup poll were published asking Americans, "Should the United States take steps now to keep Japan from becoming more powerful, even if it means risking a war with Japan?" 70% said yes, 18% said no and 12% expressed no opinion.[14]
  • Died: Sara Roosevelt, 86, mother of U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt

September 8, 1941 (Monday)[edit]

September 9, 1941 (Tuesday)[edit]

  • Allied convoy SC 42 was sighted near Cape Farewell, Greenland by the German submarine U-85. Over the next three nights a total of 16 ships from the convoy were sunk by a German Wolfpack.
  • Iran agreed to the terms of the occupying Allied forces. All Axis-aligned consulates would be closed and German nationals would be turned over to the British or Russians. The Allies would control Iranian roads, airports and communication.[1]
  • Congressional hearings opened in Washington investigating allegations of propaganda in American films. North Dakota Senator Gerald Nye set the tone of the hearings on the first day by suggesting that propaganda was being injected into films by a cabal of foreign-born Jews who owned or operated the major movie studios.[17]
  • German submarine U-162 was commissioned.
  • Born: Otis Redding, soul singer, in Dawson, Georgia (d. 1967); Dennis Ritchie, computer scientist, in Bronxville, New York (d. 2011)
  • Died: Hans Spemann, 72, German embryologist

September 10, 1941 (Wednesday)[edit]

September 11, 1941 (Thursday)[edit]

  • Joseph Stalin fired Semyon Budyonny as Commander-in-Chief of the Southwest Direction and replaced him with Semyon Timoshenko.[12]
  • Charles Lindbergh made a speech on behalf of the America First Committee in Des Moines, Iowa which included remarks that would be instantly controversial: "The three most important groups who have been pressing this country toward war are the British, the Jewish and the Roosevelt administration." Lindbergh said he admired the British and Jewish races, but claimed that the Jews' "greatest danger to this country lies in their large ownership and influence in our motion pictures, our press, our radio and our government."[19]
  • The German submarine U-207 was sunk in the Denmark Strait by depth charges from the British destroyers Leamington and Veteran.
  • German submarine U-587 was commissioned.
  • President Roosevelt gave a fireside chat on maintaining freedom of the seas and the Greer incident.

September 12, 1941 (Friday)[edit]

  • An authorized Nazi spokesperson said that President Roosevelt "wants war" and that Germany would take "appropriate measures". That same day, an editorial by the prominent Italian journalist and unofficial Axis spokesman Virginio Gayda was published in the Giornale d'Italia, in which he declared that the "act of unprovoked aggression" by Roosevelt had left the Axis warships no alternative "but to attack United States naval ships on sight."[20]
  • White House Press Secretary Stephen Early said there was "striking similarity" between Nazi propaganda and Charles Lindbergh's comments in Des Moines.[21] Lindbergh's remarks were widely criticized in the American press, even among pro-isolationist newspapers such as the Chicago Tribune and the Hearst media empire. The public standing of the America First Committee was severely damaged as a result.[22]
  • The collaborationist Norwegian government of Vidkun Quisling banned the Boy Scouts. Boys were now required to join the youth leagues of the Nasjonal Samling.[1]
  • The Spanish freighter Navemar arrived in New York with 787 refugees.[23]
  • Died: Eugen Ritter von Schobert, 58, German general (plane crash on the Eastern Front)

September 13, 1941 (Saturday)[edit]

September 14, 1941 (Sunday)[edit]

  • 3rd and 16th Panzer Divisions linked up at Lokhvitsa, completing the encircelement of Kiev.[12]
  • The U.S. Navy provided escorts for British convoy Hx 150, the first time that the Americans took a direct part in the North Atlantic campaign.[24]
  • The unfinished Soviet cruiser Petropavlovsk (formerly the German cruiser Lützow) was sunk at Leningrad by German artillery.
  • Born: Alberto Naranjo, musician, in Caracas, Venezuela

September 15, 1941 (Monday)[edit]

September 16, 1941 (Tuesday)[edit]

  • Reza Shah abdicated under pressure as Shah of Iran in favour of his son Mohammad Reza Pahlavi. "I have spent all my power and energy in the service of the country," his abdication letter read. "I am no longer able to continue in the same vein. I feel the time has come for a younger and more energetic power to take charge of the affairs of the nation, which require constant attention, and to work for the happiness and welfare of the people. Therefore, I resign, bequeathing the crown to my heir and crown prince."[25]
  • Iran broke diplomatic relations with Bulgaria, Hungary, Italy and Romania.[26]
  • XLI Panzer Corps occupied Strelna, cutting off the Soviet 8th Army from Leningrad.[12]
  • Nazi authorities decreed that for every German soldier killed in occupied territories, 50 to 100 communists were to be shot.[27]

September 17, 1941 (Wednesday)[edit]

September 18, 1941 (Thursday)[edit]

  • The Soviet Union announced conscription for all males aged 16–50.[5]
  • The Soviet river monitor Vitebsk was scuttled near Kiev to avoid capture by the Germans.
  • German submarine U-588 was commissioned.
  • The drama film Lydia starring Merle Oberon was released.
  • Died: Fred Karno, 75, English theatre impresario

September 19, 1941 (Friday)[edit]

September 20, 1941 (Saturday)[edit]

September 21, 1941 (Sunday)[edit]

September 22, 1941 (Monday)[edit]

September 23, 1941 (Tuesday)[edit]

  • German Stukas attacked Kronstadt again and sank the anchored battleship Marat, marking the first time in history that a battleship was sunk by dive bombers.[36]
  • German submarine U-118 was commissioned.

September 24, 1941 (Wednesday)[edit]

  • The Inter-Allied Council met in St James's Palace. Representatives of the Soviet Union and Free France as well the governments-in-exile of Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Greece, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland and Yugoslavia unanimously affirmed the common principles of policy set forth in the Atlantic Charter.[37]
  • 70,000 Yugoslav Partisans captured Užice and made it the capital of the mini-state known as the Republic of Užice.[1]
  • On the defensive since Lindbergh's remarks in Des Moines, the America First Committee issued a statement denying that Lindbergh or his fellow AFC members were anti-Semitic and inviting Jews to join the organization's ranks.[38]
  • Born: Guy Hovis, singer, in Tupelo, Mississippi; Linda McCartney, née Eastman, musician, photographer and animal rights activist, in Tucson, Arizona (d. 1998)
  • Died: Gottfried Feder, 58, German economist and early member of the Nazi Party

September 25, 1941 (Thursday)[edit]

September 26, 1941 (Friday)[edit]

  • The First Battle of Kiev ended in German victory.
  • 1,608 Jews in Kaunas were loaded into trucks, driven to the outskirts of the city and killed.[1]
  • The British cargo ship Avoceta from convoy HG 73 was torpedoed and sunk north of the Azores by German submarine U-203.
  • The Congressional hearings on allegations of propaganda in American films adjourned with the intention to resume in January 1942. The media was almost universally critical of the attacks made on the film industry during the hearings, as the isolationist Senators who initiated the proceedings came across as anti-Semitic and more paranoid about Hollywood than any threat from Hitler.[41]
  • Born: Martine Beswick, actress and model, in Port Antonio, Jamaica

September 27, 1941 (Saturday)[edit]

September 28, 1941 (Sunday)[edit]

  • The Drama Uprising began in Axis-occupied Greece.
  • The Operation Halberd convoy reached Malta with 50,000 tons of urgently needed supplies.[2]
  • The first British convoy of supplies for the Soviet Union departed Iceland for Arkhangelsk.[1]
  • Ted Williams of the Boston Red Sox entered the final day of the baseball season batting .3995535, which would have been rounded up to .400 in the official statistics. Williams believed he didn't deserve to hit .400 if he couldn't do it from the beginning of the season to the end, so he played in the doubleheader at Shibe Park against the Philadelphia Athletics, telling a reporter that "I either make it or I don't." Williams went 4-for-5 in the first game and 2-for-3 in the second game to finish the season with a batting average of .4057, or rounded up, .406. No one has ever hit .400 in the major leagues since.[43][44]
  • Born: Edmund Stoiber, politician, in Oberaudorf, Germany

September 29, 1941 (Monday)[edit]

September 30, 1941 (Tuesday)[edit]


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