September 2015 lunar eclipse

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Total lunar eclipse
September 28, 2015
Lunar eclipse September 27 2015 greatest Alfredo Garcia Jr.jpg
From Murrieta, California, 2:52 UTC
Ecliptic north top
Lunar eclipse chart close-2015Sep28.png
The Moon passes right to left (west to east) through Earth's shadow
Saros (and member) 137 (26 of 78)
Gamma −0.3296
Duration (hr:mn:sc)
Totality 1:11:55
Partial 3:19:52
Penumbral 5:10:40
Contacts (UTC)
P1 0:11:47
U1 1:07:11
U2 2:11:10
Greatest 2:47:08
U3 3:23:05
U4 4:27:03
P4 5:22:27
Lunar eclipse chart close-2015Sep28 wide.png
The Moon crosses Earth's shadow in Pisces, passing west to east (right to left) as shown here in hourly movements. Uranus, at magnitude 5.7, can be seen in binoculars 16 degrees east of the total eclipsed Moon.

A total lunar eclipse took place between September 27 and 28, 2015. It was seen Sunday evening, September 27, in the Americas; while in Europe, Africa, and the Middle East, it was seen in the early hours of Monday morning, September 28. It was the latter of two total lunar eclipses in 2015, and the final in a tetrad (four total lunar eclipses in series). Other eclipses in the tetrad are those of April 15, 2014, October 8, 2014, and April 4, 2015.

The Moon appeared larger than normal because the Moon was just 59 minutes past its closest approach to Earth in 2015 at mid-eclipse, sometimes called a supermoon. The Moon's apparent diameter was larger than 34' viewed straight overhead, just off the coast of northeast Brazil.[1][2]

The total lunar eclipse was darker than expected, possibly due to eruptions of Calbuco volcano in April.[3]

Visibility[edit]

The eclipse was visible over Europe, the Middle East, Africa, and America.

Lunar eclipse from moon-2015Sep28.png
View of Earth from Moon at greatest eclipse
Lunar eclipse from moon simulation-sep 28 2015.png
Simulated appearance of Earth and atmospheric ring of sunlight
Visibility Lunar Eclipse 2015-09-28.png

Gallery[edit]

Supermoon[edit]

Supermoon lunar eclipse 2015.png

This eclipsed moon appeared 12.9% larger in diameter than the April 2015 lunar eclipse, measured as 29.66' and 33.47' in diameter from earth's center, as compared in these simulated images.

A supermoon is the coincidence of a full moon or a new moon with the closest approach the Moon makes to the Earth on its elliptical orbit, resulting in the largest apparent size of the lunar disk as seen from Earth.

Background[edit]

This animated video explains the September 27th, 2015 supermoon lunar eclipse.

A lunar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes within Earth's umbra (shadow). As the eclipse begins, Earth's shadow first darkens the Moon slightly. Then, the shadow begins to "cover" part of the Moon, turning it a dark red-brown color (typically – the color can vary based on atmospheric conditions). The Moon appears to be reddish because of Rayleigh scattering (the same effect that causes sunsets to appear reddish) and the refraction of that light by Earth's atmosphere into its umbra.[4]

The following simulation shows the approximate appearance of the Moon passing through Earth's shadow. The Moon's brightness is exaggerated within the umbral shadow. The northern portion of the Moon was closest to the center of the shadow, making it darkest, and most red in appearance.

Animation September 28 2015 lunar eclipse appearance.gif

Timing[edit]

Local times of contacts
Timezone
adjustments from
UTC
-7h -6h -5h -4h -3h -2h -1h 0h +1h +2h +3h
PDT
MST
MDT CDT
PET
EDT
BOT
ADT
AMST
ART
GMT
WET
WEST
CET
BST
CEST
EET
MSK−1
EEST
FET
MSK
Event Evening September 27 Morning September 28
P1 Penumbral begins* N/A† N/A† 7:12 pm 8:12 pm 9:12 pm 10:12 pm 11:12 pm 12:12 am 1:12 am 2:12 am 3:12 am
U1 Partial begins N/A† 7:07 pm 8:07 pm 9:07 pm 10:07 pm 11:07 pm 12:07 am 1:07 am 2:07 am 3:07 am 4:07 am
U2 Total begins 7:11 pm 8:11 pm 9:11 pm 10:11 pm 11:11 pm 12:11 am 1:11 am 2:11 am 3:11 am 4:11 am 5:11 am
Mid-eclipse 7:47 pm 8:47 pm 9:47 pm 10:47 pm 11:47 pm 12:47 am 1:47 am 2:47 am 3:47 am 4:47 am 5:47 am
U3 Total ends 8:23 pm 9:23 pm 10:23 pm 11:23 pm 12:23 am 1:23 am 2:23 am 3:23 am 4:23 am 5:23 am 6:23 am
U4 Partial ends 9:27 pm 10:27 pm 11:27 pm 12:27 am 1:27 am 2:27 am 3:27 am 4:27 am 5:27 am 6:27 am Set
P4 Penumbral ends 10:22 pm 11:22 pm 12:22 am 1:22 am 2:22 am 3:22 am 4:22 am 5:22 am 6:22 am Set Set

† The Moon was not visible during this part of the eclipse in this time zone.

* The penumbral phase of the eclipse changes the appearance of the Moon only slightly and is generally not noticeable.[5]

Contact points relative to Earth's umbral and penumbral shadows, here with the Moon near its descending node

The timing of total lunar eclipses are determined by its contacts:[6]

P1 (First contact): Beginning of the penumbral eclipse. Earth's penumbra touches the Moon's outer limb.
U1 (Second contact): Beginning of the partial eclipse. Earth's umbra touches the Moon's outer limb.
U2 (Third contact): Beginning of the total eclipse. The Moon's surface is entirely within Earth's umbra.
Greatest eclipse: The peak stage of the total eclipse. The Moon is at its closest to the center of Earth's umbra.
U3 (Fourth contact): End of the total eclipse. The Moon's outer limb exits Earth's umbra.
U4 (Fifth contact): End of the partial eclipse. Earth's umbra leaves the Moon's surface.
P4 (Sixth contact): End of the penumbral eclipse. Earth's penumbra no longer makes contact with the Moon.

Related eclipses[edit]

The eclipse was one of four lunar eclipses in a short-lived series at the descending node of the Moon's orbit.

The lunar year series repeats after 12 lunations, or 354 days (shifting back about 10 days in sequential years). Because of the date shift, Earth's shadow will be about 11 degrees west in sequential events.

Half-Saros cycle[edit]

A lunar eclipse will be preceded and followed by solar eclipses by 9 years and 5.5 days (a half saros).[7] This lunar eclipse is related to two annular solar eclipses of solar saros 144.

September 22, 2006 October 2, 2024
SE2006Sep22A.png SE2024Oct02A.png

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sky and Telescope
  2. ^ Here’s the Scoop on Sunday’s Supermoon Eclipse, Bob King
  3. ^ http://www.universetoday.com/122666/why-was-septembers-lunar-eclipse-so-dark/
  4. ^ Fred Espenak & Jean Meeus. "Visual Appearance of Lunar Eclipses". NASA. Retrieved April 13, 2014. 
  5. ^ Espenak, Fred. "Lunar Eclipses for Beginners". MrEclipse. Retrieved April 7, 2014. 
  6. ^ Clarke, Kevin. "On the nature of eclipses". Inconstant Moon. Cyclopedia Selenica. Retrieved 19 December 2010. 
  7. ^ Mathematical Astronomy Morsels, Jean Meeus, p.110, Chapter 18, The half-saros

External links[edit]