September 28 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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The Eastern Orthodox cross

Sep. 27 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - Sep. 29

All fixed commemorations below celebrated on October 11 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar.[note 1]

For September 28th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on September 15.

Saints[edit]

Pre-Schism Western Saints[edit]

Post-Schism Orthodox Saints[edit]

New Martyrs and Confessors[edit]

Other Commemorations[edit]

Icon Gallery[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The notation Old Style or (OS) is sometimes used to indicate a date in the Julian Calendar (which is used by churches on the "Old Calendar").
    The notation New Style or (NS), indicates a date in the Revised Julian calendar (which is used by churches on the "New Calendar").
  2. ^ "At Antioch, in Pisidia, the holy martyrs Mark, shepherd, Alphius, Alexander, and Zosimus, his brothers, Nicon, Neon Heliodorus, and thirty soldiers, who were converted to Christ on seeing the miracles of blessed Mark, and were crowned with martyrdom in different places and in various manners."[11]
  3. ^ Prince of the Czechs, he was brought up in the Orthodox Faith by his grandmother, the future martyr Ludmilla. During a pagan reaction in 922, which he tried to stop through patience and mildness, he too was martyred as a result of a political conspiracy. He is the patron saint of the Czech Republic.[16]
  4. ^ "IN Bohemia, St. Wenceslas, duke of Bohemia and martyr, renowned for holiness and miracles. Being murdered in his brother's house, he went triumphantly to heaven."[11]
  5. ^ "At Rome, St. Privatus, martyr, who was cured of ulcers by the blessed pope Callistus. For the faith of Christ he was scourged to death with leaded whips, in the time of the emperor Alexander."[11]
  6. ^ "In the same place, St. Stacteus, martyr."[11]
  7. ^ "In Africa, the Saints Martial, Lawrence, and twenty other martyrs."[11]
  8. ^ He was noted for his generosity in sending large contributions to the poor in Palestine and Egypt.
  9. ^ "At Toulouse, St. Exuperius, bishop and confessor. St. Jerome bears to this blessed man a memorable testimony, relating how severe he was towards himself and how liberal towards others."[11]
  10. ^ Born in Rome, she was the third daughter of St Paula. She joined her mother in Bethlehem and succeeded her mother as abbess of a convent in Bethlehem in 404.
  11. ^ "The same day, the holy virgin Eustochium, daughter of blessed Paula, who was brought up at the manger of our Lord with other virgins, and being celebrated for merits, went to our Lord."[11]
  12. ^ Born in Brittany, Faustus became a monk at Lérins in France and later abbot (433). In about 459 he became Bishop of Riez. He fought both Arianism and Pelagianism and was very influential, maintaining the Orthodox teaching of St Cassian.
  13. ^ Born in Scotland, he became a monk in Ireland.
  14. ^ Abbess of Wimborne in Dorset in England. She helped St Boniface by sending him nuns from her 500-strong convent, among whom were Sts Lioba and Thecla.
  15. ^ "ST. TETTA, Virgin and Abbess, was the spiritual mother of St. Lioba and St. Thecla, and the friend and correspondent of St. Boniface. This holy virgin governed the double Monastery of Wimborne, in such perfection, that both communities were renowned for their sanctity of life. She was so rigorous in enforcing the enclosure in the women's monastery, that not even prelates were allowed to enter; but while she insisted on the observance of discipline, she was most careful to promote a spirit of true charity among her daughters, who at one time numbered 500, and to encourage study as well as piety. Even during her lifetime many miracles were attributed to her intercession by her devoted children. The day of her death does not seem to be known; but in some calendars her memory is kept on the 12th August, and in others on the 17th December."[20]
  16. ^ "In Germany, St. Lioba, virgin, renowned for miracles."[11]
  17. ^ A relative of St Boniface, St Lioba became a nun at Wimborne. In 748, at the request of St Boniface, she left England for Germany together with a group of nuns and became Abbess of Bischoffsheim. She was greatly loved by her nuns. St Lioba's convents were one of the most important factors in the conversion of Germany.
  18. ^ "ST. LlOBA, otherwise called LlOBGYTHA and TRUTHGEBA, was a kinswoman of the Martyr St. Boniface, and the offspring of parents, who had remained childless till the approach of old age. In gratitude for this gift of God, they committed their child in her early infancy to the care of Tetta, the holy Abbess of Wimborne...Through a remarkable dream, interpreted by a pious religious of the house, it was made known to her, that God destined her for some great work in His service; and the revelation was accomplished, when St. Boniface wrote to the Abbess to request that Lioba might be sent to him in Germany, to take the direction of the monastery for women, which he was founding at Bischoffsheim...Strict as she was in enforcing the observance of St. Benedict's rule, still she was compassionate with the infirmities of all, and watched them with the eye of a tender mother... ...So loving an abbess was gladly obeyed: her word and example were a law, to which all paid a cheerful submission, and the Monastery of Bischoffsheim became a school of religious perfection, from which other communities sought to obtain superiors for themselves."[20]
  19. ^ Venerable Auxentius was one of the "300 Allemagne Saints" in Cyprus and their leader. The 300 Allemagne Saints came to Cyprus from Palestine, and lived as ascetics in various parts of the island. Included among the "300 Allemagne Saints" are:
    • Venerable Anastasios the Wonderwoker of Cyprus, September 17
    • Venerable Abbacum the Ascetic of Cyprus, Wonderworker, December 2
    • Venerable Cassian the Martyr (Kassianos), December 4
    • Venerable Calantius of Tamassos (Kalandios), April 26
    • Martyr Constantine of Cyprus (Constantine of Allemagne), Wonderworker, July 1
    According to some of their lives in the Great Synaxaristes, after the dissolution of the Second Crusade (1147 - 1149), they decided to live the monastic life in the Jordan desert. However since the Latins there disturbed them, they relocated to Cyprus and dispersed over the island.[23][24]
  20. ^ See: (Russian) Кирилл и Мария Радонежские. Википедии. (Russian Wikipedia).
  21. ^ See: (Russian) Иродион Илоезерский. Википедии. (Russian Wikipedia).
  22. ^ See: (Russian) Иродион Илоезерский. Википедии. (Russian Wikipedia).
  23. ^ See: (Russian) Собор преподобных отцов Киево-Печерских в Ближних пещерах почивающих. Википедии. (Russian Wikipedia).
  24. ^ Among the Monastic Fathers of the Near Caves are:[31][12]
    • Anthony the First-Founder, Monk (1073), July 10
    • Abramius the Lover of Labor, Monk (12th-13th century), August 21
    • Abramius the Hermit, Monk (12th-13th century), October 29
    • Agapitus the Unmercenary Physician, Monk (c. 1095), June 1[32]
    • Alexis the Hermit, Monk (13th century), April 24[33]
    • Alypius the Iconographer, Monk (1114), August 17[34]
    • Anastasius the Deacon, Monkmartyr (12th century), January 22[35]
    • Anatolius the Hermit, Monk (12th century), July 3 and October 31
    • Arethas the Hermit, Monk (c. 1195), October 24[36]
    • Athanasius the Hermit, Monk (c. 1176), December 2[37]
    • Barlaam / Varlaam, Igumen of the Kievan Caves (1065), November 19[38]
    • Basil and Theodore, Monkmartyrs (1098), August 11[39]
    • Damian the Presbyter and Healer, Hieromonk (1071), October 5[40]
    • Elias of Murom, Monk (c. 1188), December 19[41]
    • Ephraim of Pereyaslavl, Bishop (c. 1098), January 28[42]
    • Gerasim / Erasmus the Black-Robed, Monk (12th century), February 24[43]
    • Eustratius, Monkmartyr (1097), March 28[44]
    • Gregory the Iconographer, Monk (12th century), August 8[45]
    • Gregory the Wonderworker, Martyr (1093), January 8[46]
    • Helladius / Elladius the Hermit, Monk (12th-13th century), October 4
    • Isaac the Hermit, Monk (c. 1190), February 14
    • Isaiah the Wonderworker, Monk (1115), May 15[47]
    • Jeremiah the Clairvoyant, Monk (11th century), October 5[48]
    • John the Faster, Monk (12th century), December 7
    • John the God-pleasing (12th century), December 29
    • John the Infant, Martyr (11th-12th century), December 29[49] (commemorated with the 14,000 Infants killed at Bethlehem by Herod)
    • John the Long-Suffering / John the Much-ailing, Monk (1160), July 18[50]
    • Juliana, Princess of Olshansk, Nun (c. 1550), July 6[51]
    • Kuksha, Enlightener of the Vyati, Hieromartyr, (12th century), August 27[52]
    • Lawrence the Hermit, Bishop of Turov (12th century), January 29[53]
    • Luke, Steward of the Kievan Caves, Monk (13th century), November 6
    • Macarius, Monk (12th century), January 19[54][55]
    • Mark the Grave-digger, Monk (12th century), December 29[56]
    • Matthew the Clairvoyant, Monk (11th century), October 5[57]
    • Mercurius, Bishop of Smolensk (1239), August 7
    • Moses the Hungarian, Monkmartyr (c.1031-1043), July 26[58]
    • Nectarius the Obedient, Monk (12th century), November 29[59]
    • Nestor the Chronicler, Monk (c. 1114), October 27[60]
    • Nicholas Svyatosha, Prince of Chernigov, Monk (1143), October 14[61]
    • Nicodemus the Prosphora-baker, Monk (12th century), October 31[62]
    • Nikon, Igumen of Kievan Caves (1088), March 23[63]
    • Nikon the Lean / Nikon the Shriveled, Monk (12th century), December 11[64]
    • Niphon / Niphont, Bishop of Novgorod (1156), April 8
    • Onesimus the Hermit, Monk (12th-13th century), October 4 and July 21
    • Onesiphorus the Confessor, Monk (1148), November 9[65]
    • Onuphrius the Silent, Monk (12th century). July 21
    • Pimen the Faster, Monk (12th century), August 27[66]
    • Pimen the Much-Ailing, Monk (1110), August 7[67]
    • Polycarp, Archimandrite of the Kievan Caves (1182), July 24
    • Prochorus the Orach-eater, Gardener and Wonderworker, Monk (1107), February 10[68]
    • Sava the God-pleasing, Monk (13th century), April 24[69]
    • Sergius the Obedient, Monk (13th century), October 7[70]
    • Simon, Bishop of Suzdal (12th century), May 10[71]
    • Sisoes the Hermit, Monk (12th-13th century), October 24[72]
    • Spyridon the Prosphora-baker, Monk (12th century), October 31[73]
    • Sylvester the Wonderworker, Monk (12th century), January 2[74]
    • Theophanes the Faster, Monk (12th century), October 11
    • Theophilus the Mourner / Theophilus the Clear-sighted, Monk (12th century), December 29
    • Theophilus the Hermit / Theophilus the Silent, Monk (12th-13th century), October 24[75]
    • Titus / Tito the Hieromonk (1190), February 27[76]
    • Twelve (12) Master Architects of Constantinople who painted the monastery church of the Dormition of the Most Holy Theotokos (11th century), February 14
    Note:
    • The "Synaxis of the Venerable Fathers of the Far Caves in Kiev" is held on August 28.
    • The "Synaxis of the Venerable Fathers of the Kiev Caves Lavra" is held on the second Sunday of Great Lent.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q September 28/October 11. Orthodox Calendar (PRAVOSLAVIE.RU).
  2. ^ a b c d e f (Greek) Συναξαριστής. 28 Σεπτεμβρίου. ECCLESIA.GR. (H ΕΚΚΛΗΣΙΑ ΤΗΣ ΕΛΛΑΔΟΣ).
  3. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Προφήτης Βαροὺχ ὁ Δίκαιος. 28 Σεπτεμβρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  4. ^ Prophet Baruch. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  5. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Οἱ Ἅγιοι Καλλίνικος καὶ Εὐστάθιος ὁ Ρωμαῖος οἱ Μάρτυρες. 28 Σεπτεμβρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  6. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Χαρίτων ὁ Ὁμολογητής. 28 Σεπτεμβρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  7. ^ Venerable Chariton the Confessor the Abbot of Palestine. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  8. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Ἀλέξανδρος καὶ οἱ σὺν αὐτῷ 30 Μάρτυρες. 28 Σεπτεμβρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  9. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Οἱ Ἅγιοι Μᾶρκος ὁ ποιμένας, Ἀλέξανδρος, Ἀλφειὸς καὶ Ζώσιμος τὰ ἀδέλφια, Νίκων, Νέων, Ἠλιόδωρος καὶ λοιπὲς Παρθένες καὶ Παιδιὰ οἱ Μάρτυρες. 28 Σεπτεμβρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  10. ^ Martyr Alexander and 30 others in Pisidia and Phrygia. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i The Roman Martyrology. Transl. by the Archbishop of Baltimore. Last Edition, According to the Copy Printed at Rome in 1914. Revised Edition, with the Imprimatur of His Eminence Cardinal Gibbons. Baltimore: John Murphy Company, 1916. pp. 299-300.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o October 11 / September 28. HOLY TRINITY RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).
  13. ^ (Greek) 28/09/2016. Ορθόδοξος Συναξαριστής.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i (Russian) 28 сентября по старому стилю / 11 октября по новому стилю. Русская Православная Церковь - Православный церковный календарь на 2016 год.
  15. ^ Martyr Wenceslaus the Prince of the Czechs. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o September 28. Latin Saints of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Rome.
  17. ^ Rev. Sabine Baring-Gould (M.A.). "S. EXUPERIUS, B. OF TOULOUSE (ABOUT A.D. 415.)". In: The Lives of the Saints. Volume the Tenth; September. London: John C. Nimmo, 1898. pp. 410-411.
  18. ^ Rev. Sabine Baring-Gould (M.A.). "S. EUSTOCHIUM, V. (A.D. 419.)". In: The Lives of the Saints. Volume the Tenth; September. London: John C. Nimmo, 1898. pp. 411-413.
  19. ^ Rev. Sabine Baring-Gould (M.A.). "S. FAUSTUS, B. OF RIEZ. (ABOUT A.D. 490.)". In: The Lives of the Saints. Volume the Tenth; September. London: John C. Nimmo, 1898. pp. 413-417.
  20. ^ a b Rev. Richard Stanton. A Menology of England and Wales, or, Brief Memorials of the Ancient British and English Saints Arranged According to the Calendar, Together with the Martyrs of the 16th and 17th Centuries. London: Burns & Oates, 1892. pp. 460-462.
  21. ^ Rev. Sabine Baring-Gould (M.A.). "S. LIOBA, ABSS. (ABOUT A.D. 779.)". In: The Lives of the Saints. Volume the Tenth; September. London: John C. Nimmo, 1898. pp. 417-421.
  22. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Αὐξέντιος ὁ Μοναχός. 28 Σεπτεμβρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  23. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Ἀναστάσιος ὁ Θαυματουργός ὁ ἐν Κύπρῳ. 17 Σεπτεμβρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  24. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Ἀββακοὺμ ὁ ἀσκητὴς. 2 Δεκεμβρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  25. ^ Venerable Schemamonk Cyril the Father of the Venerable Sergius of Radonezh. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  26. ^ Venerable Chariton of Syanzhemsk, Vologda. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  27. ^ Venerable Herodion the Abbot of Iloezersk. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  28. ^ (Russian) АННА. Православная Энциклопедия под редакцией Патриарха Московского и всея Руси Кирилла (электронная версия). (Orthodox Encyclopedia - Pravenc.ru).
  29. ^ (Russian) ИЛАРИОН. Православная Энциклопедия под редакцией Патриарха Московского и всея Руси Кирилла (электронная версия). (Orthodox Encyclopedia - Pravenc.ru).
  30. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Εὕρεσις Τιμίων Λειψάνων Ὁσίου Νεοφύτου τοῦ ἐν Κύπρῳ Ἐγκλείστου. 28 Σεπτεμβρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  31. ^ a b Synaxis of the Venerable Fathers of the Kiev Near Caves. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  32. ^ St Agapitus the Doctor of the Kiev Near Caves. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  33. ^ St Alexis the Recluse of the Kiev Near Caves. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  34. ^ St Alypius the Iconographer of the Kiev Near Caves. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  35. ^ Venerable Deacon Anastasius of the Kiev Near Caves. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  36. ^ St Arethas the Recluse. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  37. ^ St Athanasius the Recluse of the Kiev Near Caves. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  38. ^ Igumen Barlaam of the Caves. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  39. ^ Venerable Martyr Basil of the Kiev Near Caves. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  40. ^ St Damian the Priest and Healer of the Kiev Near Caves. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  41. ^ Venerable Elijah of Murom. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  42. ^ St Ephraim the Bishop of Pereslavsk. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  43. ^ St Erasmus of the Kiev Near Caves. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  44. ^ Martyr Eustratius of the Kiev Near Caves. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  45. ^ Venerable Gregory the Iconographer of the Kiev Near Caves. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  46. ^ Venerable Gregory the Wonderworker of the Kiev Near Caves. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  47. ^ Venerable Isaiah the Wonderworker of the Kiev Near Caves. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  48. ^ Venerable Jeremiah the Seer of the Kiev Near Caves. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  49. ^ Childmartyr John. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  50. ^ Venerable John the Long-Suffering of the Kiev Near Caves. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  51. ^ Blessed Virgin Princess Juliana of Olshansk. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  52. ^ Hieromartyr and Venerable Kuksha of the Kiev Near Caves. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  53. ^ St Laurence the Recluse and Bishop of Turov. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  54. ^ Venerable Macarius of the Kiev Near Caves. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  55. ^ Venerable Macarius the Deacon of the Kiev Caves. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  56. ^ Venerable Mark the Grave-Digger of the Kiev Near Caves. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  57. ^ Venerable Matthew the Clairvoyant. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  58. ^ Martyr Moses of Ugrin. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  59. ^ Venerable Nectarius the Obedient of the Kiev Near Caves. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  60. ^ Venerable Nestor the Chronicler of the Kiev Near Caves. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  61. ^ St Nicholas the Prince of Chernigov. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  62. ^ Venerable Nicodemus the Prosphora Baker of the Kiev Near Caves. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  63. ^ Venerable Nikon the Igumen of the Caves. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  64. ^ Venerable Nikon the Dry, of the Kiev Near Caves. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  65. ^ Venerable Onesiphorus the Confessor of the Kiev Near Caves. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  66. ^ Venerable Pimen the Faster of the Kiev Near Caves. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  67. ^ Venerable Pimen the Long-Suffering of the Kiev Near Caves. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  68. ^ Venerable Prochorus the Wonderworker. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  69. ^ Venerable Sava of the Kiev Near Caves. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  70. ^ Venerable Sergius the Obedient of the Kiev Near Caves. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  71. ^ Venerable Simon the Bishop of Suzdal. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  72. ^ St Sisoes the Recluse of the Kiev Near Caves. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  73. ^ Venerable Spyridon the Prosphora baker of the Kiev Near Caves. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  74. ^ Venerable Sylvester the Wonderworker of the Kiev Near Caves. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  75. ^ St Theophilus the Recluse of the Kiev Near Caves. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  76. ^ Hieromonk Titus. OCA - Lives of the Saints.

Sources[edit]

Greek Sources

Russian Sources